GNU Health
GNUHealthISO.png
GNU Health patient main screen.png
GNU Health patient main screen on Tryton
Original author(s)Luis Falcón
Developer(s)GNU Project
Initial release12 October 2008; 13 years ago (2008-10-12)
Stable release
4.0.4[1] Edit this on Wikidata / 16 June 2022
Repository
Written inPython, Tryton framework
Operating systemCross-platform
TypeHospital Information System
LicenseGPL-3.0-or-later
Websitewww.gnuhealth.org

GNU Health is a free/libre health and hospital information system[2] with strong focus on public health and social medicine. Its functionality includes management of electronic health records and laboratory information management system.[3]

It is designed to be multi-platform, supporting Linux distributions and FreeBSD on the server side. It uses PostgreSQL as its database engine. It is written in Python and uses the Tryton framework as one of its components.

GNU Health has been adopted by the United Nations University.[4] In 2011, it became a GNU official package. It was awarded Best Project of Social Benefit from the Free Software Foundation at LibrePlanet 2012, at University of Massachusetts Boston.[5]

GNU Health is a project of GNU Solidario, a non-profit non-governmental organization (NGO) that works in the areas of health and education with free software.

History

GNU Health started in 2008 by Luis Falcón as a project for health promotion and disease prevention in rural areas. Its initial name was Medical. It has since evolved into a hospital information system, with a multi-disciplinary international team of contributors.

In August 2011, Richard Stallman declared GNU Health an official GNU Package. Following this, development was moved from SourceForge to GNU Savannah.

Usage

GNU Health is intended for health institutions and governments, with functionality to take care of the daily clinical practice, manage resources, and to improve public health.

Features

GNU Health uses a modular approach around the kernel, with different functionality that can be included to meet the health center's needs. Some of the main packages are:

Package Functionality
Health Core package. Includes demographics, patients, evaluations, health centers, appointments, vaccinations, medicaments, health conditions, health professionals and other core models and functionality.
Accounting Functionality for bookkeeping: Chart of Accounts, General Ledger, Invoice handling, cash journals etc.
Pediatrics Main package for pediatrics (including neonatal information and pediatric psychosocial assessments).
Pediatric Growth Charts Includes World Health Organization percentile and z-scores charts.
Gynecology and Obstetrics Gynecology, obstetrics, perinatal and puerperium assessment and history.
Lifestyle Physical exercise, diets, drug addictions, National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) recreational drug database, Henningfield ratings, sexuality, risk factors, home safety, child safety.
Genetics Person genetic information and family history. Includes 4200+ "disease genes" from the NCBI/GeneCards.
Genetics Uniprot UniProt database on human protein natural variants and phenotypes.
Lab Laboratory information management system[3] functionality.
Socioeconomics Assessment and history of education, occupation, living conditions, hostile areas, child labor and prostitution, among others.
Inpatient Hospitalization, bed, operating room management. Inpatient care and nursing plans.
Surgery Pre-operation checklist, procedures, operating rooms, patient surgery history.
Services Groups health related services for the patient. It also allows generating invoices and billing the selected services.
Calendar CalDAV and WebDAV server. Manages appointments, hospitalizations, bed and other resources.
QR Codes Includes QR codes for identification on persons, patients and lab orders.
History Reports for patient demographics and medical history. Electronic Health Record EHR
MDG6 Millennium Development Goal 6: Functionality to fight malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS.
Reporting Demographic, epidemiological and health center related information.
Nursing Nursing functionality. Patient roundings, medication administration and procedures.
ICU Basic intensive-care unit assessment, history and patient management.
Stock Pharmacy and locations stock management. Automatic stock moves generation on medical procedures.
NTD Base module to cover neglected tropical diseases.
NTD Chagas NTD submodule for vector control, diagnosis, and management of chagas disease.
NTD Dengue NTD submodule for vector control, diagnosis, and management of dengue fever.
Imaging Diagnostic Imaging orders management functionality.
Orthanc Module for integration with Orthanc PACS Server
Federation GNU Health Federation Server
ICPM WHO International Classification of Procedures in Medicine.
Crypto Support for document digest/record integrity check with hash functions; digital signatures and GNU Privacy Guard plugin.
Archives Functionality to track legacy or paper-based patient health records.
Ophthalmology Basic ophthalmology and optometry functionality.
Functioning and Disability Based on WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and Laos Center of Medical Rehabilitation.
ICD9 Vol 3 WHO ICD-9-CM Volume 3 procedure codes.
ICD10 PCS WHO ICD-10 classification and ICD10 Procedure Coding System extension
Insurance Insurance and pricelists on services and products management.
EMS Ambulance and Emergency Management System.
Contact tracing Assessment, identification and followup of people who may have come into contact with an infected individual.

Cultural impact

Project milestones


GNUHealthCon

GNUHealthCon[20] is an annual conference organized by GNU Solidario. It provides the space for developers, implementers and community members to meet in person during three days. It includes sessions about social medicine, technical discussions, implementation cases and workshops.

GNU Health Social Medicine awards

GNU Health Social Medicine awards ceremony is part of GNUHealthCon. The awards recognize the role of individuals and organizations committed to improve the lives of the underprivileged. There are three award categories: Individual, Organization and GNU Health Implementation.

GNU Health Social Medicine Awards[21]

Year Individual Organization GNU Health Implementation
2016 Richard Stallman Red Cross Laos Center of Medical Rehabilitation (CMR)[22]
2017 Lorena Enebral[23] National University of Entre Ríos Bikop Medical Center[21][24]
2018 Jose Caminero Luna Tor Project Bafia District Hospital
2019 Aaron Swartz Animal Free Research UK Jamaica Ministry of Health
2020 Angela Davis Proactiva Open Arms Municipality of Diamante, Argentina [25]
2021 Luna Reyes Segura[26] Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine Insolàfrica [27]

See also

References

  1. ^ Luis Falcón (16 June 2022). "GNU Health Hospital Management component Patchset 4.0.4 released". Retrieved 17 June 2022.
  2. ^ Ardis Hanson and Bruce Lubotsky Levin (2012). Mental Health Informatics. Oxford University Press. pp. 244 - 245
  3. ^ a b "GNU LIMS: Laboratory Information Management System for Healthcare and Biomedical Sectors".
  4. ^ "Memorandums of Understanding - International Institute for Global Health". Archived from the original on 2018-05-04. Retrieved 2018-06-18.
  5. ^ a b Lee, Matt (26 March 2012). "2011 Free Software Awards announced". Free Software Foundation. Archived from the original on 30 March 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  6. ^ "ICT for Improving Information and Accountability for Women's and Children's Health". 14 May 2013.
  7. ^ "Premios PortalProgramas al Software Libre 2014". 29 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Premios PortalProgramas al Software Libre 2012". 4 January 2013.
  9. ^ "Bewerber vorgestellt: GNU Health". 26 November 2016. Archived from the original on 3 January 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  10. ^ "GNU Health gewinnt Sonderpreis beim OpenSource Business Award". 12 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Free Software vs Open Source: Tryton vs OpenERP". 8 September 2011.
  12. ^ "When Free Software Depends on Nonfree". 11 April 2016.
  13. ^ "[Health-announce] GNU Health 2.8 is out !". lists.gnu.org.
  14. ^ "GNU Health - News: GNU Health 3.0 released [Savannah]". savannah.gnu.org.
  15. ^ "GNU Health - News: GNU Health 3.2 released [Savannah]". savannah.gnu.org.
  16. ^ Solidario, G. N. U. "thalamus: The GNU Health Federation Message and Authentication Server" – via PyPI.
  17. ^ "GNUHealth on openSUSE - openSUSE Wiki". en.opensuse.org. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  18. ^ "Welcome to MyGNUHealth, the GNU Health Libre Personal Health Record". savannah.gnu.org. Retrieved 2021-06-24.
  19. ^ "Registry. Digital Public Goods Alliance". digitalpublicgoods.net. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  20. ^ "GNU Health CON 2019 - IV International GNU Health Conference". www.gnuhealthcon.org.
  21. ^ a b "GNUHealthCON 2017 - II International GNU Health Conference". www.gnuhealthcon.org.
  22. ^ "COPE - provider of prosthetic, orthotic and rehabilitation services in Laos". Archived from the original on 2016-11-27. Retrieved 2016-11-27.
  23. ^ Mashal, Mujib (September 11, 2017). "She Was Teaching Him to Walk. He Shot Her From His Wheelchair". The New York Times.
  24. ^ "Premio GNU - Social Medicine Award (2017)". November 25, 2017.
  25. ^ "GNU Health Social Medicine Awards 2020". November 21, 2020.
  26. ^ Kassam, Ashifa (May 20, 2021). "Spanish aid volunteer abused online for hugging Senegalese migrant". The Guardian.
  27. ^ "GNU Health Social Medicine Awards 2021". December 11, 2021.

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