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Gajendragad

ಗಜೇಂದ್ರಗಡ
Town and Taluk
Gajendragada
Kalakaleshwara Temple at Gajendragad.
Nickname(s): 
Gada
Gajendragad
Gajendragad
Location in Karnataka, India
Gajendragad
Gajendragad
Gajendragad (India)
Coordinates: 15°44′N 75°59′E / 15.73°N 75.98°E / 15.73; 75.98Coordinates: 15°44′N 75°59′E / 15.73°N 75.98°E / 15.73; 75.98
Country India
StateKarnataka
DistrictGadag
TalukGajendragad
Lok Sabha ConstituencyHaveri
Founded byChatrapathi Shivaji[citation needed]
Named forHill Station
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyGajendragad Town Municipal Council
Elevation
643 m (2,110 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total32,359
Languages
 • OfficialKannada
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationKA 26
Websitewww.gajendragadatown.mrc.gov.in

Gajendragad (also called Gajendragada) (Kannada: ಗಜೇಂದ್ರಗಡ) is a town and a sub-district place in Gadag District, Karnataka, India. This place is known for its hill station and hill strip. Highest populated city after Gadag in the district. It is about 55 kilometers from the district head quarter Gadag, 110 kilometers from Hubballi and 450 kilometers from state capital Bengaluru.

Introduction

Gajendragad Fort
Gajendragad Fort

Gajendragad (Gajendra:Elephant;gad:fort), is a historical place in the Gadag district. The name Gajendragad is a combination of Elephant and a fort. This is because the city looks like elephant body in the bird view. Local people generally call it as Gada. It is about 55 km from Gadag and is one of the big towns in the Gadag District. Gajendragad is a pilgrimage destination due to its Kalakaleshwara temple.

It is known for the long hill strip, hill station, film shooting spots, fort, kalakaleshwara temple, market for Javali / Dress Materials for marriage and festivals, windmills, Handloom, Gajendragad Kubusa Kana.[citation needed]

History

Gajendragad Fort
Gajendragad Fort
Gajendragad Fort
Gajendragad Fort

Gajendragad is surrounded by the historical places associated with Badami Chalukyas and Western Chalukya and the places are Badami, Aihole, Pattadakal, Mahakuta, Banashankari, Sudi, Mahadeva Temple at Itagi and Kudalasangama. Rastrakuta Monuments at Kuknur. Gajendragad Fort was built and renewed by Shivaji.[1][2]

Ghorpade

Founder of the Ghorpade family was Shri Valabhasinh Cholaraj Ghorpade and then the descended Bahirjirao (Hindurao) Ghorpade

The Royal families of Kapsi and Gajendragad[3][4] owe their origin to Vallabhasinha and the Chiefs of Sondur are descended from the third son of Cholraj.

Treaty of Gajendragad

See also: Maratha-Mysore War and Battle of Gajendragad

After the 2nd Mysore War, Tippu Sultan had to engage in an armed conflict (during 1786–87) with the Marathas and the Nizam. The war concluded with the treaty of Gajendragad.[5] Tipu Sultan ceded Badami to the Marathas.[6]

The fort and Taluka of Gajendragad which was taken by Fate Alikhan was retaken by Maratha Government. Half the province was surrendered to the Nawab (Nizam A. D. 1786–87) according to Treaty of Gajendragad.[citation needed] Remaining was made over to Dawalatrao Ghorpade (Rs, 50,001 was taken from him).[7]

Tourism

Gajendragad Fort
Gajendragad Fort

Kalakaleshwara temple

The pilgrim Kalakaleshwara temple, is a huge mountain with the temple carved into it. This is a weekend destination which could be wound up in a day's time. One can see many windmills lined on the hill opposite the hill on which the temple is located.

Sudi

Mallikarjuna Temple, Twin Towered Temple, Ishwara in a stone made shelter and Naga Kunda are prime attractions of Sudi.

Itagi Bhimambika

The temple of Bhimambika, about 13 km from Gajendragad

Banashankari

It is known for temple of Banashankari, and Annual car festival.

Badami, Aihole, Pattadakal and Mahakuta

Mahakuta is the source of an important Badami Chalukya inscription called Mahakuta Pillar inscription.

Kuknur

MahaMaya temple, Navalinga Temples at Kuknur.

Kudalasangama

At Kudalasangama the rivers Krishna and Malaprabha merge (sangama) here, This place is closely associated with the 12th-century poet and social reformer Basavanna. There is a temple dedicated to Lord Sangameswara, worshipped in the form of a linga. The temple is an ancient monument built in the Chalukya style architecture. This place is well developed as one of the great tourism place.

Kalakaleshwara temple

Nature in front of Kalkaleshwara Temple, Gajendragad, Karnataka
Nature in front of Kalkaleshwara Temple, Gajendragad, Karnataka

A little known pilgrim of North Karnataka. Gajendragad is a small town lying amidst hills, in one of which is encapsulated Kalakaleshwara temple of Lord Shiva (known as Dakshina Kashi), who is worshipped in the form of Kalakaleshwara. There are some large steps that lead you up to the temple. It is a traditional temple with Udbhava Linga. There we can find God Veerabhadra temple also in the same premises. But one would definitely be amazed at the story in which the significance of the destination lies. Just outside the temple exit is a small square water reservoir called AtharaGange. It is an evergreen water resource that constantly falls along the roots of Peepal tree into the pond all throughout the year. It is said to be flowing even in the peaks of summer season and has an unknown root.

Mythology

More amazing is the story attached to this destination that has taken a few lives too. These were the daring people who wanted to try to learn more about a miracle that happens on the previous night of Ugadi, New Year of Kannadigas. The pandit/pujari of the temple prepares a solution of limestone, and keeps it ready for application along with a brush, inside the temple. The next morning, the jobs done. But the temple is painted on its own and this happens without fail every year. A hookah that is also kept along with it seems to be used when seen the next morning.

MMTC's wind farm

Minerals & Metals Trading Corporation (MMTC) Limited under the ministry of commerce and industry. MMTC's Gajendragad plant started in 2007, the plant has delivered electricity power of over 102 million units to Hubli Electricity Supply Company (HESCOM) Limited.[8] The plant generate a total capacity of 15 MW of power, with 25 wind energy generators, can each generate 600 KV.

Environmental issues

Windmills in front of Kalkaleshwara Temple, Gajendragad, Karnataka
Windmills in front of Kalkaleshwara Temple, Gajendragad, Karnataka

Windmills set up to generate wind energy, are posing a threat to the very existence of rare hyenas and wolves at Gajendragad.[9][10] Earlier Gajendragad was recognised as a safe haven for highly endangered species like the Indian grey wolf and striped hyenas, but wind farming and windmills with huge noisy fans and human traffic to maintain these machines have driven away these species from their habitat.

Notable people

Geography

Gajendragarh is located at 15°44′N 75°59′E / 15.73°N 75.98°E / 15.73; 75.98.[12] It has an average elevation of 643 metres (2109 feet).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[13] Gajendragarh had a population of 28,227. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Gajendragarh has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 51%. In Gajendragarh, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

See also

Gallery


References

  1. ^ "MUSALMA'N AND MARA'THA PERIOD. Bombay Gazetteer, Maráthás and Nizám against Tipu" (PDF). Retrieved 14 November 2008.
  2. ^ "Crown Representative's Records – Indian States Residencies". Retrieved 14 November 2008.
  3. ^ "Raja of Mudhol, A BIRD'S-EYE VIEW". Retrieved 14 November 2008.
  4. ^ "GAJENDRAGAD (Jagir)". Retrieved 14 November 2008.[dead link]
  5. ^ "Tipu Sultan (1782–1799)". Retrieved 16 March 2009.
  6. ^ SPLENDOURS OF ROYAL MYSORE
  7. ^ "Treaty of Gajendragad". Retrieved 17 March 2009.
  8. ^ "MMTC to expand wind energy project in Karnataka". Hemanth CS Bangalore DNA. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
  9. ^ "Windmills blowing away wolves and hyenas". Archived from the original on 29 March 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2008.
  10. ^ "Endangered hyenas and wolves rapidly disappearing from Gajendragad". Archived from the original on 11 May 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2008.
  11. ^ "Gajendra-Gad-Kar School, Raghavendra Acharya". Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  12. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Gajendragarh. Fallingrain.com. Retrieved on 2011-11-25.
  13. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.