Galactic Energy (Beijing) Space Technology Co., LTD.
FoundedFebruary 2018; 3 years ago (2018-02)
Founder刘百奇 夏东坤

Galactic Energy is a Chinese private space launch firm developing the Ceres-1 [1][2][3] and Pallas-1 orbital rockets.

Ceres-1 is a four-stage rocket, the first three stages use solid-propellant rocket motors and the final stage uses a hydrazine propulsion system. It is about 19 m (62 ft) tall and 1.4 m (4 ft 7 in) in diameter. It can deliver about 350 kg (770 lb) to low Earth orbit.[4]

The first launch of Ceres-1 took place at 7 November 2020, successfully placing the Tianqi 11 (also transcribed Tiange, also known as TQ 11, also known as Scorpio 1, COSPAR 2020-080A) satellite in orbit.[5] The satellite's mass was about 50 kg and its purpose was to function as an experimental satellite offering Internet of things (IoT) communications.[6]

Galactic Energy became the second private company of China to successfully put a satellite in orbit (after i-Space) and the fourth to attempt to do that.


Galactic Space is in competition with several other Chinese solid rocket startups, being LandSpace, LinkSpace, ExPace, i-Space, OneSpace, Deep Blue Aerospace.[7]


Rocket Date Payload Orbit Launch Site Outcome Notes
Ceres-1 7 November 2020,
07:12 UTC[8]
Tianqi-11 SSO Jiuquan Success First flight of Ceres-1.
First orbital flight for Galactic Energy.
Ceres-1 TBD Fangzhou-2F (SPARK-02F) LEO Jiuquan Planned Retrievable satellite technology demonstration by Beijing Space Ark Technology Co., Ltd.[9]
Ceres-1 January 2022[10] TBA LEO Jiuquan Planned
Ceres-1 2022[11][12] Zengzhang-1 LEO Jiuquan Planned Reentry capsule technology demonstration by Beijing Interstellar Development Technology Co., Ltd.
Pallas-1 2023[10][13] TBA LEO TBA Planned First flight of Pallas-1.


  1. ^ "Chinese launch firm Galactic Energy raises US$21.5 million". SpaceNews. 9 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Satellites become key vertical within China's growing space sector". Kr ASIA. 12 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Galactic Energy Prepares Ceres-1 Rocket for First Launch".
  4. ^ Clark, Stephen (8 November 2020). "New Chinese rocket successful in debut launch". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  5. ^ "Chinese rocket firm Galactic Energy succeeds with first orbital launch, secures funding". SpaceNews. 7 November 2020.
  6. ^ "Tianqi 10, 11, 12".
  7. ^ Doug Messier (20 December 2017). "EXPACE Raises US$182 Million for Small Satellite Launchers". Parabolic Arc.
  8. ^ Jones, Andrew (7 November 2020). "Chinese rocket firm Galactic Energy succeeds with first orbital launch, secures funding". SpaceNews. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  9. ^ "中国首颗商业化天地往返飞行器验证卫星"方舟二号"正式出厂" [China's first commercialized space-to-earth shuttle test satellite "Fangzhou-2" officially leaves the factory]. Space Ark (in Chinese). 14 May 2020. Retrieved 17 August 2021 – via Weixin QQ.
  10. ^ a b "独家专访星河动力CEO:中国商业航天即将进入快速发展期" [Exclusive interview with Galactic Energy CEO: China's commercial aerospace sector is about to enter a period of rapid development]. NetEase (in Chinese). 8 September 2021. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  11. ^ "首飞在即,民营商业飞船研发商星际开发获英诺天使基金千万元级天使投资" [First flight coming soon, private commercial spacecraft developer Interstellar Development receives 10 million yuan angel investment from Inno Angel Fund]. 3sNews (in Chinese). 5 August 2021. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  12. ^ Zhang, Lin (4 August 2021). "「星际开发」完成数千万元天使轮融资,加速商业航天领域宇宙飞船研发" ["Interstellar Development" completes tens of millions of yuan in angel round financing, accelerating spacecraft research and development in the commercial aerospace field]. 36Kr (in Chinese). Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  13. ^ Jones, Andrew (1 October 2019). "New Chinese commercial rocket firms move toward maiden launches". SpaceNews. Retrieved 29 April 2021.