Gamaliel Cordoba
Chairman of the Commission on Audit
Assumed office
October 21, 2022
Appointed byBongbong Marcos
Preceded byJose Calida
Commissioner of the National Telecommunications Commission
In office
August 1, 2009 – October 20, 2022
PresidentGloria Macapagal Arroyo
Benigno Aquino III
Rodrigo Duterte
Bongbong Marcos
Preceded byRuel V. Canobas
Succeeded byElla Bianca B. Lopez
Personal details
Gamaliel Asis Cordoba

Gamaliel Asis Cordoba is a Filipino lawyer who was the longest-serving Commissioner of the National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) from 2009 until 2022. He is currently the Chairperson (the equivalent of Auditor-General) of the Commission on Audit (COA) replacing former Solicitor General Jose Calida.[1] His appointment was confirmed by the Commission on Appointments (CA) on November 29, 2022.[2]

Cordoba at present also serves as External Auditor of the International Labour Organization.[3]

Cordoba was one of the key figures in the 2020 shutdown of ABS-CBN and the denial of its franchise renewal, as well as the 2022 termination of ABS-CBN and TV5's partnership deal.

The Supreme Court upheld the decision to terminate ABS-CBN's franchise with the en banc unanimously voting to junk the petition questioning the NTC’s cease and desist order, saying it is "moot and academic" because Congress has denied the network's franchise renewal.[4]

Education and early career

Cordoba took up Economics at the Ateneo De Manila University and obtained his Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics in 1992. He subsequently entered the Ateneo School of Law and obtained his Juris Doctor[5] degree in 1996.

While at the Ateneo School of Law, Cordoba joined the Fraternal Order of Utopia, the fraternity of Chief Justice Alexander Gesmundo, the late Chief Justice Renato Corona and former Executive Secretary Paquito Ochoa, Jr.[6]

After passing the Bar in 1997, he joined the Siguion Reyna, Montecillo & Ongsiako Law Offices, which was established in 1901 and has the distinction of being the oldest law office in the Philippines. Chairperson Cordoba also worked as a tax lawyer at SyCip GorresVelayo & Co.[7]

Government service

Cordoba joined the government in 2001. He served for nearly a decade at the Office of the President, beginning with a stint as a Director at the Office of the Presidential Chief of Staff, followed by his appointment in 2002 as Assistant Executive Secretary. Cordoba was later promoted to Undersecretary in 2003 and served as Appointments Secretary of President Gloria M. Arroyo from 2006 to 2007. From 2008 to 2009, he would also serve as part of the Board of Directors of the Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation.

He also represented the Office of the President as Director of the Philippine National Railways, Director of the Maritime Industry Authority, Member of the Presidential Committee on Good Governance, and Execom Member of the Technology and Livelihood Resource Center.

National Telecommunications Commission Commissioner

In 2009, Cordoba was appointed Commissioner of the National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) by then President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.[8]

He was later appointed to the same position by her successor, President Benigno S. Aquino III, as well as President Rodrigo Duterte[9] and President Bongbong Marcos. By the time he left the NTC in 2022, Cordoba held the distinction of being the Commission’s longest-serving head.[10]

As NTC head, in 2015 Cordoba issued guidelines to filter online child pornography and block access to such websites.[11]

During his tenure, the NTC broke the long-time duopoly in the telecommunications industry by selecting a third telco through a transparent bidding process under the guidance of the International Telecommunication Union.[12]

Cordoba adopted the Japanese Digital Terrestrial Television Broadcast System as the Philippine Digital TV Platform as head of NTC.[13]

In 2022, the NTC exceeded its target for 2021 by P3.82 billion, or 72.4% over its goal.[14]

In the wake of typhoon "Rolly" in 2020, Cordoba spearheaded the “Libreng Tawag” program as head of NTC to ensure help is available all the time, and rehabilitation and recovery efforts are on time.[15]

In a memorandum signed by Cordoba, he again ordered all public telcos to provide free call and charging stations in areas affected by the 7.0 earthquake in Abra in 2022.[16]

During Cordoba's term as NTC chief, download speeds on fixed broadband in the Philippines increased from 7.91 mbps in July 2016 to 26.08 mbps in September of 2020. Meanwhile, download speeds on mobile connections increased from 7.44 mbps in July 2016 to 16.89 mbps in September 2020, representing a 127.06% increase.[17]

While these numbers still fell short of the global standard at the time, the country's fixed broadband speed has now improved to 90.57 mbps, building on Cordoba's instituted reforms.[18]

During his term, the telecoms regulator issued a cease-and-desist order against ABS-CBN after its legislative franchise expired on May 5, 2020.[19]

Members of the House Committee on Legislative Franchise on July 10, in a vote of 70-11, rejected the broadcast network’s bid for a fresh franchise, which became the basis of a Supreme Court decision on August 25 to uphold NTC’s cease order.[20][21]

ASEANSAI Chairmanship

At the 7th ASEAN Supreme Audit Institutions (SAI) Summit held in Manila on November 2, 2023, Cordoba was named as the group's Chairman for the years 2024-2025.[22]

The Philippines hosted the summit, which was attended by 68 delegates from the different SAIs of Cambodia, Indonesia, Brunei Darussalam, Singapore, Thailand, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Vietnam.

It was also the first ASEANSAI Summit held in person after the pandemic.[23]

Chairmanship of INTOSAI Working Group on Public Debt

From May 8 to 10, 2023, Cordoba presided over the International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions (INTOSAI) Working Group on Public Debt (WGPD) Annual Meeting in Cairo, Egypt.

Cordoba led the Philippines’ Commission on Audit which acted as the Secretariat to the Working Group in the 2023 Cairo WGPD Annual Meeting.

The WGPD discussed better transparency and accountability in public debt management.[24]

Awards and recognitions

In 2010, Cordoba was awarded the Presidential Medal of Merit by President Gloria M. Arroyo for his exemplary performance and service delivery to the Filipino people. He also received the Radio Award from the Ministry of International Affairs and Communications of Japan.[25]

On July 19, 2023 he was conferred with “The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon”[26] by the Government of Japan in recognition of his contribution to the cooperation of both countries in the areas of information and technology.[27] Japanese Ambassador Kazuhiko Koshikawa, on behalf of His Majesty the Emperor of Japan, gave Cordoba the award for his pivotal role in adopting ISDB-T [1] in the Philippines. ISDB-T is a terrestrial digital television-broadcasting standard devised by Japan.[28]

The awarding ceremony was witnessed by First Lady Louise Araneta-Marcos, former President and current House Deputy Speaker Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and former First Gentleman Jose Miguel Arroyo, House Speaker Ferdinand Martin Romualdez, Chief Justice Alexander Gesmundo, Executive Secretary Lucas Bersamin, Senate Majority Floor Leader Joel Villanueva, House Majority Leader Manuel Jose Dalipe, and NTC Commissioner Ella Lopez, along with close family and friends.[29]

Former NTC commissioner and now chair of the Commission on Audit (COA) Gamaliel A. Cordoba is joined by First Lady Liza Araneta-Marcos and other government officials after he received the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon from the Japanese government on July 19, 2023 in a ceremony at the Japanese ambassador’s residence.


  1. ^ "NTC chief Cordoba is Marcos' new COA chairperson". RAPPLER. 2022-10-21. Retrieved 2022-10-26.
  2. ^ Ramos, Marlon (November 30, 2022). "Confirmed COA chief Cordoba vows independence". Retrieved November 30, 2022.
  3. ^ Beltran, Jonathan (March 20, 2015). "COA appointed External Auditor of the International Labour Organization".
  4. ^ Buan, Lian (August 25, 2020). "Killed and shuttered ABS-CBN gets no help from Supreme Court". Rappler. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  5. ^ Quiroz, Evelyn (October 22, 2022). "BAGONG COA CHAIRMAN ITINALAGA". Pilipino Mirror.
  6. ^ "Gamaliel Cordoba Biography". May 5, 2020.
  7. ^ "COA Key Persons, Chairman Gamaliel Cordoba".
  8. ^ "Arroyo appoints new NTC chief". GMA News Online. August 26, 2009.
  9. ^ "Duterte retains INC, GMA protege in NTC: Gamaliel Cordoba will serve his third president". July 14, 2016.
  10. ^ Ramos, Marlon (Dec 2022). "Confirmed COA chief Cordoba vows independence". pp. Under "Previous Posts".
  11. ^ Ronda, Rainier Allan (July 17, 2015). "NTC issues guidelines to filter online child porn". ABS-CBN News.
  12. ^ Camus, Miguel (November 19, 2018). "Dennis Uy-China Telecom venture confirmed as third telco".
  13. ^ Agcaoili, Lawrence (January 15, 2013). "NTC endorses Japan TV technology". Philippine Star.
  14. ^ Mangaluz, Jean (September 29, 2022). "NTC collects P6.63B, exceeds revenue collection target".
  15. ^ "Libreng Tawag: NTC tells Globe, Smart to offer free calls in storm-ravaged areas". ABS-CBN News. November 2, 2020.
  16. ^ Mendoza, John Eric (August 2022). "NTC orders telcos: Provide free calls, charging stations in quake-hit areas".
  17. ^ Gregorio, Xave (November 5, 2020). "NTC paints rosier picture of internet connectivity in Philippines at House hearing". PhilStar.
  18. ^ Sarao, Zacarian (March 2023). "Internet speeds in PH improve in March 2023 — Ookla". Inquirer.
  19. ^ Mercado, Neil Alwin (May 5, 202). "NTC orders ABS-CBN to stop broadcast operations".
  20. ^ Dela Cruz, Jovee (July 10, 2020). "House panel votes 70-11 against ABS-CBN franchise application". Business Mirror.
  22. ^ "COA chief Cordoba takes over as ASEANSAI chairperson". PhilStar. November 3, 2023.
  23. ^ Mendoza, Red (November 4, 2023). "CoA hosts Asean audit institutions meet". Manila Times.
  24. ^ "Commission on Audit Headlines the INTOSAI Working Group on Public Debt 2023 Annual Meeting in Cairo, Egypt". Commission on Audit. May 12, 2023.
  25. ^ "COA Chair Cordoba among recipients of Japan Emperor's 2023 spring awards". Business Mirror. May 1, 2023.
  26. ^ "Senate OKs grant of Japan badges to Lorenzana, Cordoba".
  27. ^ "Japan to honor ex-Defense chief Lorenzana, 3 others". ABS-CBN. April 29, 2023.
  28. ^ "Cordoba given award by Japan envoy". Inquirer Philippines. July 30, 2023.
  29. ^ "Conferment Ceremony of the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon on Former NTC Commissioner Gamaliel A. Cordoba". July 20, 2023.