Gambling in Quebec includes Casino gambling in most crowded cities of the region, Lottery, Société des casinos du Québec and Sports betting. Games of chance have existed during the prohibition era but became legal in Quebec only in 1985 when gambling was made legal in the country. Unlike most Canadian provinces where the minimum age for gambling is nineteen, in Quebec, along with Alberta and Manitoba, the minimum age is eighteen.[1]

Lottery

The gambling in Quebec is controlled by a government corporation Loto-Québec. It was created for control and operation of legal gambling authorities in Québec. To permit lottery schemes in provinces, Loto-Québec was started in December 1969 after the emendation of the Canadian Criminal Code and set up the first lottery in the country. The corporation began ticket sales for the monthly passive game Inter Loto fast on the heels of the foundation. The first drawing of that lottery was dated March 14, 1970. Additional games launched that year included the weekly Mini and the quarterly Super.[2]

In 1971, Loto-Perfecta was launched by Loto-Québec with a new mechanical wager-registration system. A differentiating feature of that lottery was the determination of its results - by horse races. Move towards a new era, and video games started in 1978 when Loto-Québec launched its first computerized terminal games. The first game title of that time, 6 /36 lotto, still exists and is available to play.[3]

Net revenues from Loto-Québec operations are turned over to the government, and the funds are used, in part, to finance health and education services, infrastructure improvements, and provincial debt reduction.[4]

Société des casinos du Québec

Loto-Québec is a huge government corporation, and for the more particular control of the industry, it has a couple of separate and several subsidiaries. The Société des casinos du Québec - is one of such subsidiaries. It is a supervisor of four casinos running in the Quebec province by the government: Casino de Charlevoix, Casino de Montréal, Casino du Lac-Leamy and Casino de Mont-Tremblant.[5]

In December 1992, Quebec authorities announced the approval of the construction project of two casinos run by the government. Montreal's casino on Île Notre-Dame was the first one, and a gambling facility at Pointe-au-Pic in the Charlevoix region was the second casino from that announcement.[6]

As the major government corporation created for the gambling control, Loto-Québec delegates its authorities not only with the Société des casinos du Québec Inc but also with such subsidiaries as Resto-Casino Inc and Casiloc Inc. The Société des casinos du Québec Inc is in charge of building and constructing the casinos and overseeing their operation processes. Resto-Casino Inc operates all the restaurants and bars on the territory of the casinos. Casiloc Inc assumes responsibility for acquiring, building and overseeing casino facilities.[7]

Casinos

This is an incomplete list of casinos in Quebec as of around 2012: [8][9][10]

Type Ownership Facilities
Name Region/city Prov. Est. R D C REC GO FN PF PO C NFP S SAR R V
Casino de Montréal Montreal QC 1993 checkY checkY
Casino de Charlevoix La Malbaie QC 1994 checkY checkY
Casino du Lac-Leamy Gatineau QC 1996 checkY
Casino du Mont-Tremblant Mont-Tremblant QC 2009 checkY
Hippodrome d'Aylmer Aylmer QC 2008 checkY checkY
Hippodrome de Montréal Montreal QC 2008 checkY checkY
Hippodrome De Québec Quebec City QC 2008 checkY checkY
Ludoplex Trois-Rivières Trois-Rivières QC 2008
Ludoplex Québec Quebec City QC 2008
Playground Poker Club Kahnawake QC 2010 checkY
Onliner Casino Quebec City QC 2021 checkY checkY checkY

Sports betting

Many of the leading bookmakers from the 1930s to the 1960s got their start during the prohibition era of the 1920s. But sports betting became legal in Quebec only in 1985 when gambling was made legal in the country. It took several years before the gaming sector in Quebec grew to its current size.[11] In 2021 the igaming market makes around $80 billion a year and average operator makes $2 million.

References

  1. ^ Cult MTL (June 2021), What is Quebec’s legal gambling age?, retrieved 25 April 2022
  2. ^ Comité interministériel chargé de l'évaluation du projet de relocalisation du Casino de Montréal (March 2006), Le rapport (PDF) (in French), retrieved 4 January 2022
  3. ^ "Loto-Québec abandonne le projet" (in French). Radio-Canada. 10 March 2006.
  4. ^ "History of Loto Quebec". Retrieved 4 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Loto Quebec official". Retrieved 2022-01-04.
  6. ^ "Company Overview - Québec's casinos". Retrieved 2022-01-04.
  7. ^ Loto-Québec. 2006. Rapport annuel 2006. Loto-Québec: Montréal.
  8. ^ "OLG - OLG: Casinos & Slots". Olg.ca. Archived from the original on 2011-07-04. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
  9. ^ "OLG - OLG Slots". Olg.ca. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
  10. ^ "Canada Casinos - Alberta Gambling Research Institute". abgamblinginstitute.ualberta.ca. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-03-16.
  11. ^ (Davies, 2001)

Bibliography