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Gang Hong-rip
Hangul
강홍립
Hanja
姜弘立
Revised RomanizationGang Hongrip
McCune–ReischauerKang Hongrip
Art name
Hangul
내촌
Hanja
耐村
Revised RomanizationNaechon
McCune–ReischauerNaech'on
Courtesy name
Hangul
군신
Hanja
君信
Revised RomanizationGunsin
McCune–ReischauerKunsin

Kang Hong-rip (Korean강홍립; 1560 – 6 September 1627[1]) was a Korean general during the Joseon Dynasty.

Under repeated requests from Ming China, Gwanghaegun commanded Gang Hongrip to help Ming forces with ten thousand soldiers against the Manchus in 1619. However, Ming armies were crushed in the Battle of Sarhū. The Korean army under command of Liu Ting lost two-thirds of his troops at Fuca and surrendered to Nurhaci. Official Korean records say that Gwanghaegun had ordered a betrayal to Nurhaci, but it is suspected to be a defamation by the Westerners faction, who deposed the king. In 1620 almost all Korean captives were released but Gang Hongrip, who had good command of the Manchu language, was still kept.

Frustrated with unsatisfactory reward for the coup which deposed Gwanghaegun, Yi Gwal rebelled against King Injo in 1624. He temporarily occupied Hanseong (modern-day Seoul), but was eventually crushed. Yi Gwal was then executed by his own soldiers. Han Myeong-nyeon, an accomplice of Yi Gwal, was also killed, but his son Han Yun fled to the Later Jin (Manchus).

Gang Hongrip fell for Han Yun's trick and wrongly believed that his family was all killed by the Joseon government. To get his revenge on Korea, he urged the Manchus to defeat the Joseon dynasty. In 1627 he guided the Later Jin army led by Amin to Hanseong and as a Manchu delegate he negotiated for a truce with Korea. Then he discovered that he was deceived about his family being killed and suffered a heartbreak. He was branded as a traitor and deprived of his official rank. He was rehabilitated after his death.

Family

Parents

Wives and issues:

In popular culture

See also

References

  1. ^ In lunar calendar, Kang died on 27 July 1627
  2. ^ His eldest sister, Princess Consort Pungcheon of the Jinju Kang clan (풍천군부인 진주 강씨), became the daughter-in-law of Grand Prince Imyeong (4th son of Queen Soheon and King Sejong), and his youngest second sister became the sister-in-law to Queen Jeinwondeok and the aunt-in-law to Queen Dangyeong. This sister eventually became the great-grandmother of Gu Sa-maeng and the great-great-grandmother of Queen Inheon through her daughter, Lady Shin of the Geochang Shin clan.
  3. ^ Eldest daughter of Yi Chae, Prince Uiseong (의성군 이채; 1411–1493) and Princess Consort Hoein of the Seongju Yi clan (회인군부인 성주 이씨). She was also the granddaughter of Grand Prince Hyoryeong, second son of Queen Wongyeong and King Taejong.
  4. ^ His younger brother eventually became the 7th great-grandfather of Empress Myeongseong.
  5. ^ His cousin, Jeong Yu-gil (정유길, 鄭惟吉), became the maternal grandfather of Queen Hyejang, wife of King Gwanghae