Tag by the West 49th Street and South Paulina Street set of the Gangster Disciples Nation on West 50th Street and South Hermitage Avenue, Chicago IL
Tag by the West 49th Street and South Paulina Street set of the Gangster Disciples Nation on West 50th Street and South Hermitage Avenue, Chicago IL

Chicago is considered the most gang-occupied city in the United States, with a population ranging from 100,000 active members from over 70 gangs[1] with more than 150,000 members.[2] Gang warfare and retaliation is common in Chicago. Gangs were responsible for 61% of the homicides in Chicago in 2011.

Causes

Former Chicago Police Superintendent, Garry McCarthy, blames Chicago's gang culture for its high rates of homicide and other violent crime, stating "It's very frustrating to know that it's like 7% of the population causes 80% of the violent crime... The gangs here are traditional gangs that are generational, if you will. The grandfather was a gang member, the father's a gang member, and the kid right now is going to be a gang member".[3]

Policing strategy

Mayor Rahm Emanuel disbanded the Chicago Police Department's anti-gang unit in 2012 in order to focus on beat patrols, which he said would have a more long-term solution to violence than anti-gang units.[4][5]

Composition

Most traditional Chicago street gangs, known as nations, fall under two main factions called the People Nation and the Folks Nation, with the former having most, if not all gangs under the "Almighty" moniker while the latter having most gangs divided into sub-factions called families. There are also nations that are not affiliated with either the People or Folks nations, such as the Black Souls Nation. Nontraditional gangs are known as war crews and do not identify as nations though they will engage in traditional gang activity and may conflict with nations as well as other war crews. Each individual gang is divided into sets which are territories spanning blocks or neighborhoods that may be divided further into subsets. There are currently at least 70 active Chicago street gangs with 747 factions that have been identified.[6][7][8] All currently active street gangs in Chicago are:

Folks Nation

Almighty Familia:

Almighty Ambrose Nation

Almighty Brazers Nation

Almighty Harrison Gents Nation

Almighty Imperial Gangsters Nation

Almighty Insane Popes Nation (north side)

Almighty Krazy Getdown Boys Nation

Almighty Latin Eagles Nation

Almighty Simon City Royals Nation


Gangster Familia:

Gangster Disciples Nation

Gangster Two-Six Nation

Gangster Party People Nation

Gangster Sin City Boys Nation


Insane Familia:

Insane Ashland Vikings Nation

Insane Campbell Boys Nation

Insane C-Notes Nation

Insane Deuces Nation

Insane Dragons Nation

Insane Orchestra Albany Nation

Insane Spanish Cobras Nation


Insane Gangster Familia:

Insane Gangster Satan Disciples Nation

Insane Gangster City Knights Nation


Maniac Familia:

Maniac Latin Disciples Nation

Maniac Campbell Boys Nation


No Family:

Aztec Souls Nation

Black Disciples Nation

Black Gangsters (New Breeds)

B.O.S.S. Pimps Nation

Insane Two-Two Boys Nation

Insane Majestics Nation

King Cobras Nation

La Raza Nation

Latin Dragons Nation

Latin Jivers Nation

Latin Souls Nation

Latin Stylers Nation

Milwaukee Kings Nation

Spanish Gangster Disciples Nation


People Nation


Unaffiliated nations


Crews

History

Detailed analysis of the homicides timeline by month show that homicides (of black) went up right after Martin Luther King Jr. was killed in 1968. Hispanic-on-Hispanic homicides were alleged not to have increased until the summer of 1971 due to the Latin Kings gang election meetings.[9] In July 2020, federal agents participating in Operation Legend arrested 23 Black Disciples gang members associated with drugs and gun violations in the Englewood neighborhood on the South Side of Chicago.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Chicago Gang Violence: By The Numbers". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  2. ^ "Chicago Most Gang-Infested City in U.S., Officials Say". NBC Chicago. January 26, 2012. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  3. ^ "Gangs and guns fuel Chicago's summer surge of violence | PBS NewsHour". Pbs.org. July 20, 2015. Retrieved December 17, 2015.
  4. ^ "Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel is defending his decision in the first days of his administration to disband anti-gang units like the Mobile Strike Force | WBEZ 91.5 Chicago". Wbez.org. July 9, 2012. Retrieved December 17, 2015.
  5. ^ "Terrorised Chicago residents plead for police crackdown as gang war murders soar". Telegraph. Archived from the original on 2022-01-12. Retrieved December 17, 2015.
  6. ^ "Chicago Street Gangs". Chicago Gang History. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
  7. ^ "Gang Areas in Chicago". Uic.edu. Archived from the original on March 1, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2015.
  8. ^ "Dedicated to 20th Century Gang History". Chicago Gang History. Retrieved 2022-05-23.
  9. ^ "Latin Kings 1971-72 Election Meetings". Retrieved October 3, 2019.
  10. ^ CHICAGO BLACK DISCIPLES GANG LEADER AMONG 23 CHARGED IN FEDERAL INVESTIGATION, OFFICIALS SAY ABC7 Chicago, July 29, 2020