Gao Hucheng
高虎城
Minister of Commerce
In office
16 March 2013 – 24 February 2017
PremierLi Keqiang
Preceded byChen Deming
Succeeded byZhong Shan
Personal details
BornAugust 1951 (age 70)
Shuo County, Shanxi
Political partyCommunist Party of China
ChildrenJoe Gao (Gao Jue)
Alma materBeijing Second Foreign Languages Institute
National University of Zaire
University of Paris VII

Gao Hucheng (Chinese: ; born August 1951) is a retired Chinese politician and business executive. Between 2013 and 2017, he served as the Commerce Minister of the People's Republic of China. Previously, he was Vice Minister of Commerce and Vice Chairman of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.[1][2][3] Gao holds a doctoral degree in sociology from the University of Paris VII and is fluent in French.[4]

Career

Education and industry

Gao Hucheng was born in Shuo County (now Shuozhou city), Shanxi province in 1951.[2][3] At age 17 he was sent to work at a village in Hebei province, and later at a cement factory in Datong, Shanxi.[1][5]

In 1972 Gao was chosen to study French at the Beijing Second Foreign Languages Institute, and in 1975 he went abroad to study at the National University of Zaire in Kinshasa, capital of Zaire (now known as Democratic Republic of Congo). From 1977 to 1980 Gao worked for the Chinese embassy in Zaire as a commercial officer.[1][4][5]

In 1980 Gao Hucheng joined China National Machinery and Equipment Import and Export Corporation (CNMEIEC), and two years later was appointed deputy general manager of the company's France office in Paris. He spent the next five years in France, during which time he enrolled at the University of Paris VII, earning a doctorate in sociology in 1985. In 1987 Gao joined the Communist Party of China. From 1989 to 1990 he was the chief of the financial department of CNMEIEC, and was from 1992 to 1994 the deputy general manager of China National Resources Corporation.[1][2][3]

Government

In 1994 Gao was appointed head of the Planning and Finance Department of the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation (MOFTEC), a predecessor of the Ministry of Commerce, and promoted to assistant minister in 1997, a job he held for the next five years.[1][2][3]

In 2002 Gao was transferred from the central government to Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, where he served as Vice Chairman (governor). Only a year later, he returned to the reorganized MOFTEC, now called Ministry of Commerce, as Vice Minister. He stayed in the position for 10 years, and concurrently served as China's International Trade Negotiation Representative from 2010 to 2013. At the 12th National People's Congress of March 2013, Gao was appointed Minister of Commerce in the cabinet of Premier Li Keqiang, replacing the outgoing minister Chen Deming.[1][2] Gao left his post as Minister of Commerce in 2017.[3]

Gao was a full member of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.[1][2][3]

J.P Morgan controversy

In 2015, the Wall Street Journal released an article which examined Gao Hucheng's interaction with J.P. Morgan in regards to employment of his son, Gao Jue (also known as Joe Gao).[6] In a December 2006 email exchange, a recruiter at the bank says "I am more concerned that Jue did very poorly in interviews - some MDs said he was the worst BA candidate they had ever see - and we obviously had to extend him an offer."

In June of 2008, Gao Hucheng had dinner with Fang Fang, a managing director at the bank, and requested that Fang find a new position for Gao Jue, as Gao Jue's job had been cut. According to Fang in an email, "During this one-on-one dinner with me, the father spent long time explaining to me why it is important for the son to find another position with JPM before July 13 because he is desperate to maintain his hard-won H1-B visa which is under JPM sponsorship and won't become valid until Oct 1, while his current employment contract will end by July 13. [...] The father indicated to me repeatedly that he is willing to go extra miles to help JPM in whatever way we think he can."

Gao Jue was given a new position within the bank after the dinner, and shortly afterwards, he sent a sexually explicit email to a human resources employee at the bank. His manager in his new role, Anil Bhalla, said "there is general consensus among the seniors in our group as well reports from people in his previous group that he is immature, irresponsible and unreliable."[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Gao Hucheng". China Vitae. Retrieved 2013-05-12.
  2. ^ a b c d e f 高虎城 [Gao Hucheng] (in Chinese). Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 2013-05-12.
  3. ^ a b c d e f 高虎城简历 [Biography of Gao Hucheng] (in Chinese). People's Daily. Retrieved 2013-05-12.
  4. ^ a b Ruan, Victoria (17 March 2013). "Rare pick from within as Gao Hucheng gets key economic job". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  5. ^ a b "Commerce Minister Gao Hucheng". US-China Business Council. Archived from the original on 2013-06-24. Retrieved 2013-05-13.
  6. ^ Matthews, Ned Levin, Emily Glazer and Christopher M. (2015-02-06). "J.P. Morgan Emails Illuminate Hiring of China Official's Son". WSJ. Retrieved 2020-08-29.
  7. ^ Matthews, Ned Levin, Emily Glazer and Christopher M. (2015-02-06). "In J.P. Morgan Emails, a Tale of China and Connections". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2020-08-29.
Government offices Preceded byChen Deming Minister of Commerce 2013–2017 Succeeded byZhong Shan