Gaochang
高昌区 • قاراھوجا رايونى
City center
City center
Location of Karahoja (red) in Turpan Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Location of Karahoja (red) in Turpan Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Gaochang is located in Bayingolin
Gaochang
Gaochang
Location of the district centre in Xinjiang
Coordinates (Turpan government): 42°57′04″N 89°11′22″E / 42.9512°N 89.1895°E / 42.9512; 89.1895Coordinates: 42°57′04″N 89°11′22″E / 42.9512°N 89.1895°E / 42.9512; 89.1895
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionXinjiang
Prefecture-level cityTurpan
Township-level divisions3 subdistricts
2 towns
7 townships
Municipal seatLaocheng Subdistrict (老城街道)
Population
 (2003)
 • Total254,900
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
838000
Area code(s)0995

Gaochang (Uighur: قاراھوجا, romanizedQarahoja; Chinese: 高昌; pinyin: Gāochāng) is the only district and the seat of the oasis city of Turpan, in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. Its population was 254,900 at the end of 2003.

Name

According to the municipal government of Turpan, the district is named after the ancient city of Gaochang. It was also proposed that the district be named after Ayding Lake.[1]

History

The district was created on 12 April 2015 after Turpan was upgraded from a county-level city into a prefecture-level city. The district has the same size and population as the former Turpan county-level city.[2]

Demographics

The proportion of nationalities in Gaochang District County
Nationality Percentage
Uyghurs
77.4%
Han People
15.7%
Hui People
6.6%
Others
0.3%
Source of the population statistics :[3]

Subdivisions

Karahoja is divided into 3 subdistricts, 2 towns, 7 townships and 3 other township-level divisions.

References

  1. ^ "原新疆吐鲁番市为何更名为高昌区?-亚心网". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  2. ^ "吐鲁番撤地设市 新疆首个撤销地区建制设立的地级市". news.xinhuanet.com. ECNS - China News. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  3. ^ 3-7 各地、州、市、县(市)分民族人口数 [3-7 Population by Nationality by Prefecture, State, City and County (City)]. tjj.xinjiang.gov.cn (in Chinese). Statistical Bureau of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. 2020-06-10. Archived from the original on 2020-11-01. Retrieved 2021-06-11.