Gaon Music Chart
Gaon Music Chart.png
Gaon logo
Gaon Music Chart homepage 2014.png
The homepage of the website in October 2014
Type of site
Record chart
Available inKorean
OwnerKorea Music Content Association
URLgaonchart.co.kr
CommercialYes
RegistrationOptional
LaunchedFebruary 23, 2010; 12 years ago (2010-02-23)
Current statusActive

The Gaon Music Chart (Korean가온 차트; RRgaon chateu) tabulates the relative weekly popularity of songs or albums in South Korea. It is produced by the Korea Music Content Association and sponsored by South Korea's Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, with an aim to create a national chart for South Korea similar to the Billboard charts of the United States and the Oricon charts of Japan. It started tracking sales since the beginning of 2010.[1] It was officially launched in February 2010 with a launching ceremony held on February 23, 2010, at the Westin Chosun hotel in Seoul. The launch also included a small awarding ceremony, which awarded girl group Girls' Generation with top artist of January and boy band Super Junior with best album of 2009. Meanwhile, the song "We Fell In Love", performed by Jo Kwon of 2AM and Ga-in of Brown Eyed Girls, took the title of best weekly mobile ringtone.[2]

In February 2011, it published information on both online and offline album sales of 2010, including a detailed breakdown of online chart data and was the first time since 2008 that offline album sales were released, since the Music Industry Association of Korea had stopped compiling data.[3]

The word gaon means middle or center in Korean, and it was chosen to represent fairness and reliability.[1]

On July 7, 2022, the Gaon Chart was rebranded as Circle Chart. The same charts were kept, along with the addition of the new Global K-pop Chart. The Gaon Chart Music Awards were also rebranded to the Circle Chart Awards.[4]

Music charts

There are two primary charts: Gaon Album Chart and Gaon Digital Chart. The charts lists domestic artists' sales, international (non-Korean) artists' sales and a combined overall sales in weekly, monthly and year-end format.

The Gaon Album Chart ranks physical album shipments, including mini and single albums. It is compiled from offline data provided by record labels and distributors such as Kakao Entertainment, Stone Music Entertainment, Genie Music, Sony Music Korea, Pony Canyon Korea, Universal Music Korea, and Warner Music Korea.

The Gaon Digital Chart ranks best-selling non-physical, digital music sales, and is an aggregate of downloads, streaming and background music. It excludes radio airplay, and different versions of a song are listed as separate entries. It is compiled from online data provided by web-based music providers such as Genie, Melon, FLO, Soribada, Naver VIBE, KakaoMusic and Bugs. There is no digital album chart because each song is a separate digital download.

All charts rank the top 100. Before mid-2014 and 2018 until now, the digital, streaming, download, and noraebang charts ranked the top 200.

Chart title Chart type Methodology Description
Album Chart all music physical shipments
  • Ranks the best selling albums
Digital Chart all music downloads +
streaming +
background music
(tracks)
  • Ranks the best selling songs
Download Chart all music downloads
(tracks)
  • Ranks digital download sales
  • One of three component charts of the Digital Chart
Streaming Chart all music streaming
(tracks)
  • Ranks streaming from digital music stores
  • One of three component charts of the Digital Chart
BGM Chart all music background music
(tracks)
  • Ranks background music sales
  • One of three component charts of the Digital Chart
Mobile Chart Bell ringtones and
ringback tones
  • Ranks ringtone sales for mobile phones
Ring
  • Ranks ringback tone sales for mobile phones
Singing Room Chart all music karaoke
Retail Album Chart all music physical shipments
  • Ranks the best selling albums at Retail Store

Social charts

The Gaon Social Chart is a weekly chart that ranks the top 50 most popular K-pop artists using data from YouTube, TikTok, Mubeat, and Mycelebs.[5]

The Gaon Weibo Chart was a weekly chart that ranked the top 10 most popular K-pop groups and the top 30 most popular individual K-pop artists in China using data from Weibo.

Certification

See also: List of certified albums in South Korea and List of certified songs in South Korea

In April 2018, Gaon introduced music recording certifications for albums, downloads and streaming. Album certifications are awarded based on shipment figures provided by record labels and distributors. Download and streaming certifications are awarded to songs based on online data provided by web-based music providers. Albums and songs released on or after January 1, 2018, are eligible for certification.

Album

Thresholds per award[6][7]
Platinum 2× Platinum 3× Platinum Million 2× Million[a]
250,000 500,000 750,000 1,000,000 2,000,000

Download

Thresholds per award[6][7]
Platinum 2× Platinum 3× Platinum Diamond
2,500,000 5,000,000 7,500,000 10,000,000

Streaming

Thresholds per award[6][7]
Platinum 2× Platinum  Platinum[b] Billion
100,000,000 200,000,000 300,000,000 1,000,000,000

Awards

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Han, Sang-hee (23 February 2010). "Korea Launches First Official Music Charts Gaon". The Korea Times. The Korea Times. Archived from the original on 2010-08-04. Retrieved 2010-11-24.
  2. ^ Seung-hun, Kang (23 February 2010). "Korea launches integrated K-pop music chart 'Gaon'". 10 Asia. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  3. ^ "Super Junior's 4th Album Ranked Top-Seller of 2010" Chosun Ilbo. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-17
  4. ^ Lee, Tae-soo (July 7, 2022). 가온차트, 써클차트로 개편…국내·해외 판매량 구분해 공개 [Gaon chart reorganized into Circle Chart...Domestic and overseas sales disclosed separately] (in Korean). Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved July 7, 2022.
  5. ^ [ 2022년 1월 3일 공지사항 ] [[ Notice on January 3, 2022 ]]. Gaon Music Chart (in Korean). January 3, 2022. Archived from the original on January 27, 2022. Retrieved January 26, 2022.
  6. ^ a b c "Gaon Certification". Gaon Music Chart (in Korean). Korea Music Content Association. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Notice: GAON Certification". Gaon Music Chart (in Korean). Korea Music Content Association. April 20, 2018. Retrieved May 10, 2018.

Notes

  1. ^ Higher certifications (such as 3× Million) will also be awarded.[7]
  2. ^ Higher certifications (up to 9× Platinum) will also be awarded.[7]