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City of Gapan
8211La Divina Pastora Gapan City Welcome Monument 03.jpg
8171Primark Town Center Gapan City 11.jpg
Downtown Gapan along Maharlika Highwayfvf.jpg
Divine Shepherdess Shrine in Gapan, Nueva Ecija.jpg
FvfGapanCity8888 26.JPG
(From top, left to right): La Divina Pastora Gapan City Welcome Monument • Primark Center • Downtown Gapan • La Divina Pastora National Shrine • Gapan City Hall
Official seal of Gapan

Tsinelas Capital of the Philippines
Map of Nueva Ecija with Gapan highlighted
Map of Nueva Ecija with Gapan highlighted
Gapan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°18′44″N 120°56′56″E / 15.3122°N 120.9489°E / 15.3122; 120.9489Coordinates: 15°18′44″N 120°56′56″E / 15.3122°N 120.9489°E / 15.3122; 120.9489
RegionCentral Luzon
ProvinceNueva Ecija
District 4th district
CityhoodAugust 25, 2001
Barangays23 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorEmary Joy D. Pascual
 • Vice MayorInocencio T. Bautista Jr.[1]
 • RepresentativeEmerson D. Pascual
 • City Council
 • Electorate90,203 voters (2022)
 • Total118.00 km2 (45.56 sq mi)
41 m (135 ft)
Highest elevation
440 m (1,440 ft)
Lowest elevation
6 m (20 ft)
 (2020 census) [4]
 • Total122,968
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class4th city income class
 • Poverty incidence
% (2018)[5]
 • Revenue₱ 745.4 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 1,601 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 563.1 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 310.3 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityNueva Ecija 1 Electric Cooperative (NEECO 1)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)44
Native languagesKapampangan

Gapan, officially the City of Gapan (Filipino: Lungsod ng Gapan), is a 4th class component city in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 122,968 people. [4]

Gapan is nicknamed the "Footwear Capital of the North" due to the thriving footwear making industry in the city.


Old records called the town Ibon.[citation needed] Gapan was founded by the Spanish curates and officials who, in their early occupation, exercised great influence over the people and the things they were doing. History places Gapan as one of the first towns of Pampanga founded sometime in the middle part of the sixteenth century. Records of the first Catholic mission to the far east indicated that in 1595, Fathers Contres Tendilla, Caballo and Salazar were responsible for clearing the forest which later became a pueblo. In this pueblo, a church, presedencia and residential houses made of bricks and lime were constructed, now the age-old landmarks of the city.

Its foundation in 1595 makes Gapan the oldest town in Nueva Ecija and one of the oldest in the Philippines. It was likewise a big pueblo embracing an area as far as Cabanatuan City in the north, which was its barrio with the name Cabanatuan before it separated in 1750: the Sierra Madres in the East, San Miguel, Bulacan in the south and Candaba, Pampanga in the West. Gradually as the Spanish power waned and economic progress caught up in the area, the pueblo disintegrated into many pueblos until it remained to comprise only the towns of Peñaranda, General Tinio and San Leonardo (formerly called Manikling) all of Nueva Ecija province. In fact the Patron Saint Divina Pastora had its origin or residence in Barrio Callos, Peñaranda.


Main article: Cities of the Philippines

By virtue of Republic Act No. 9022 and its ratification in a plebiscite subsequently held on August 25, 2001, Gapan was converted into a component city of Nueva Ecija. Ernesto L. Natividad became the first city mayor of Gapan.


Gapan is located in the southern part of the province. It is bounded to the north by Peñaranda and San Leonardo, to the east by the Gen. Tinio, to the south by San Miguel in neighboring Bulacan province, and to the west by San Isidro.

Gapan City is 23 kilometres (14 mi) from Cabanatuan, 37 kilometres (23 mi) from Palayan, and 93 kilometres (58 mi) from Manila.


Climate data for Gapan City, Nueva Ecija
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
Average low °C (°F) 20
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4
Average rainy days 2.2 1.9 3.2 5.3 16.1 20.8 23.5 22.8 22.2 16.5 8.9 3.5 146.9
Source: Meteoblue[6]


Gapan is politically subdivided into 23 barangays.


Population census of Gapan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 11,278—    
1918 13,617+1.26%
1939 23,324+2.60%
1948 25,719+1.09%
1960 32,514+1.97%
1970 45,426+3.40%
1975 50,506+2.15%
1980 60,014+3.51%
1990 70,489+1.62%
1995 77,735+1.85%
2000 89,199+2.99%
2007 98,795+1.42%
2010 101,488+0.98%
2015 110,303+1.60%
2020 122,968+2.16%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[7][8][9][10]
Historic center of Gapan.
Historic center of Gapan.


Current major sources of income include farming, slipper making, fishponds, poultry and piggery, and commercial establishments.

The city of Gapan held tremendous promise not only in its natural resources but also in its potentials in agri-base industries and in footwear industries which help sustain its virtual role in agricultural and industrial production. Commercial and trade activities in the city are further accelerated by the influx of financing lending institution and new businesses.

Like its sister city Cabanatuan, Gapan City also houses major shopping hubs in the province. The two major Philippine mall chains, Walter Mart and Robinsons Malls, has already established its presence in the city. Currently, major shopping centers in the city include: Walter Mart Gapan; Robinsons Gapan, Primark Town Center Gapan, RCS Gapan, and AllHome Gapan. Gapan has also several local grocery, department, and hardware stores.


Gapan City serves many bus companies operating provincial and regional routes. Jeepney operators serve routes within the province with some reaching as far to nearby towns in Nueva Ecija. Much of the city's population rely on public transportation such as tricycles and jeeps to get around the city.

Two main highways serve the city of Gapan: Maharlika Highway and Jose Abad Santos Avenue. Maharlika Highway (or Pan-Philippine Highway) is the main highway traversing the city where most vehicles going to Cagayan Valley pass through. It links Gapan to its nearby city of Cabanatuan and town of San Miguel in the province of Bulacan. It also allows travelers to reach towns of Sta. Rosa and San Leonardo. On the other hand, Jose Abad Santos Avenue is the highway that links Gapan to the towns of San Isidro and Cabiao, where the road continues straightforward, again turning westward then eastward, entering Pampanga, and passes through Pampanga River.

One proposed expressway will pass through Gapan City if built: it would be the North Luzon East Expressway (Quezon City to Cabanatuan).


National Shrine of La Virgen Divina Pastora
National Shrine of La Virgen Divina Pastora
National Shrine of La Virgen Divina Pastora
The center of Marian pilgrimages during the months of April and May is the National Shrine of Virgen La Divina Pastora as declared by the Catholic Bishops Conference in 1986. Little Vigan, Gapan.



Notable personalities

Sister cities



  1. ^ "LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNITS (CITY MAYORS/VICE MAYORS)". Archived from the original on November 19, 2011.
  2. ^ City of Gapan | (DILG)
  3. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  4. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  5. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  6. ^ "Gapan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
  7. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  8. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of Nueva Ecija". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  11. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  12. ^; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  13. ^; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  18. ^ "Ryza Cenon Biography | PINOYSTOP". Archived from the original on October 20, 2016.
  19. ^ "Lakad Pilipinas: NUEVA ECIJA | the Virgen la Divina Pastora and Gapan's Ancestral Houses".
  20. ^ "Lakad Pilipinas: NUEVA ECIJA | the Virgen la Divina Pastora and Gapan's Ancestral Houses".
  21. ^ "Former actor Daniel Figueroa passes away |".