Garrett County
Garrett County Courthouse in December 2013
Garrett County Courthouse in December 2013
Flag of Garrett County
Official seal of Garrett County
Map of Maryland highlighting Garrett County
Location within the U.S. state of Maryland
Map of the United States highlighting Maryland
Maryland's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°17′N 79°22′W / 39.28°N 79.37°W / 39.28; -79.37
Country United States
State Maryland
FoundedNovember 4, 1872
Named forJohn Work Garrett
SeatOakland
Largest townMountain Lake Park
Area
 • Total656 sq mi (1,700 km2)
 • Land647 sq mi (1,680 km2)
 • Water8.6 sq mi (22 km2)  1.3%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total28,806
 • Density44/sq mi (17/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district6th
Websitewww.garrettcounty.org
Panoramic view of Deep Creek Lake, Garrett County, MD.
Panoramic view of Deep Creek Lake, Garrett County, MD.

Garrett County /ɡərɛt/ is the westernmost county of the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2020 census, the population was 28,806,[1] making it the third-least populous county in Maryland. Its county seat is Oakland.[2] The county was named for John Work Garrett (1820–1884), president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.[3] Created from Allegany County, Maryland in 1873, it was the last Maryland county to be formed.

Garrett County has long been part of the media market of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.[4] It is considered to be a part of Western Maryland.

The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is to the north. The Maryland–Pennsylvania boundary is commonly known as the Mason–Dixon line.[5] The eastern border with Allegany County was defined by the Bauer Report, submitted to Governor Lloyd Lowndes, Jr. on November 9, 1898.[6] The Potomac River and State of West Virginia lie to the south and west.

Garrett County lies in the Allegheny Mountains, which here form the western flank of the Appalachian Mountain Range. Hoye-Crest, a summit along Backbone Mountain, is the highest point in Maryland at an elevation of 3,360 feet (1,020 m).[7]

The Eastern Continental Divide runs along portions of Backbone Mountain. The western part of the county, drained by the Youghiogheny River, is the only part of Maryland within the Mississippi River drainage basin. All other parts of the county are in the Chesapeake Bay basin.

The National Register of Historic Places listings in Garrett County, Maryland has 20 National Register of Historic Places[8] properties and districts, including Casselman Bridge, National Road a National Historic Landmark. Garrett County is part of Maryland's 6th congressional district. The extreme south of the county lies within the United States National Radio Quiet Zone.

History

Map of Braddock's Military Road from Cumberland, MD to Braddock, PA 1755
Map of Braddock's Military Road from Cumberland, MD to Braddock, PA 1755

In the early 20th century, the railroad and tourism started to decline. Coal mining and timber production continued at a much slower pace. Today, tourism has made a dramatic rebound in the county with logging and farming making up the greatest part of the economic base. Due to a cool climate and lack of any large city, Garrett County has remained a sparsely populated rural area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 656 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 647 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 8.6 square miles (22 km2) (1.3%) is water.[9] It is the second-largest county in Maryland by land area.

Garrett County is Maryland's westernmost, bordering Pennsylvania to the north via the Mason–Dixon line, West Virginia to the south and west (with the Potomac River forming its southern boundary), and Allegany County, Maryland to the east. The county's northwesternmost point is approximately 60 miles (97 km) southeast of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and its southeasternmost point is approximately 160 miles (260 km) northwest of Baltimore, Maryland.

Garrett County is located entirely within the highland zone of the Appalachian Mountains known variously as the Allegheny Mountains, the Allegheny Plateau, and the Appalachian Plateau. The county's highest elevations are located along four flat-topped ridges and range to a height of 3,360 feet (1,020 m) at Hoye-Crest along Backbone Mountain, the highest point in the state of Maryland. As is typical in the Allegheny region, broad flats generally lie below the ridge crests at elevations of approximately 500 feet (150 m). River valleys are generally narrow and deep, with ravines typically 1,000 to 1,800 feet (550 m) below surrounding peaks.

The county contains over 76,000 acres (310 km2) of parks, lakes, and publicly accessible forestland. It is drained by two river systems, the Potomac and the Youghiogheny. The Savage River, a tributary of the Potomac, drains about a third of the county. The Casselman River, a tributary of the Youghiogheny, flows north from the county's central section into Pennsylvania. The Youghiogheny itself drains the westernmost area of the county and flows north into Pennsylvania, where it empties into the Monongahela River at McKeesport, just south of Pittsburgh.[10]

Geologic points of interest

The Glades

The Glades' 601 acres (2.43 km2) is of great scientific interest because it is an ombrotrophic system (fed solely by rainwater) with peat layers up to 9 feet (2.7 m) thick, and is one of the oldest examples of mountain peatland in the Appalachians.[11]

On the western edge of the Savage River State Forest along Maryland Route 495 lies Bittinger, Maryland, which is named after Henry Bittinger, who first settled in the area and who was joined by other German settlers moving in and taking up the fertile farmland. On the eastern edge of Bittinger is one of the largest glades area of Garrett County. Geographically, this is an area that seems to have been affected by the last great ice sheet of North America. Two miles southeast of Bittinger, there is a large deposit of peat moss.

Loess Dunes

In the Casselman River valley, 1-mile (1.6 km) south of Grantsville, Maryland and beside Maryland Route 495, one can see remains of geological evidence about the last great ice sheet over North America. A series of low mounds can be seen in the fields on the west side of Maryland Route 495 that are "loess" (wind-blown) material. Apparently, these are the only ones still visible in the northern part of Garrett County.

The mounds were formed when a glacier lake existed in the Casselman valley, and the ice around the edges of the frozen lake melted. Wind blew fine grains of earth into the water around the edges where it sank to the bottom, and the mounds were the result of the deposit of this wind-blown material.

Mountains[edit]


Mountain[12] Elevation (ft.)
Backbone Mountain 3,360
Big Savage Mountain 2,991
Blossom Hill 2,620
Contrary Knob 2,680
Conway Hill 2,760
Dung Hill 2,732
Elbow Mountain 2,694
Elder Hill 2,826
Fort Hill 2,600
George Mountain 3,004
Lewis Knob 2,960
Little Mountain 2,920
Little Savage Mountain 2,817
Marsh Hill 3,073
Meadow Mountain 2,959
Mount Nebo 2,604
Negro Mountain 3,075
Pine Hill 2,500
Rich Hill 2,842
Ridgley Hill 2,617
River Hill 2,700
Roman Nose Mountain 3,140
Roth Rock Mountain 2,860
Salt Block Mountain 2,707
Snaggy Hill 3,040
Walnut Hill 2,629
Winding Ridge 2,775
Whites Knob 2,940
Zehner Hill 3,000

Creeks[edit]


[13]

  • Bear Creek
  • Beaver Creek
  • Cherry Creek
  • Church Creek
  • Crabtree Creek
  • Deep Creek (formerly Green Glades Creek)
  • Fork Creek
  • Georges Creek
  • Herrington Creek
  • Middle Fork Creek
  • Muddy Creek
  • North Fork Creek
  • Rhine Creek
  • Snowy Creek
  • South Fork Crabtree Creek
  • South Fork Creek

Lakes[edit]


[14]

  • Deep Creek Lake (largest freshwater body of water in Maryland, 11.6 miles (18.7 km) in length)

Waterfalls[edit]


[15]

Forests, rivers, caves

See these articles for information on the forests, rivers, and caves of Garrett County:

Parks and recreation

Forest in Swallow Falls State Park

For a more comprehensive list, see List of Maryland state parks.

Garrett County contains over 76,000 acres (310 km2) of parks, lakes, and publicly accessible forestland. Popular activities in the county include camping, hiking, backpacking, rock climbing, alpine and cross-country skiing, snowmobiling, hunting, ice fishing, fly fishing, whitewater canoeing, kayaking, rafting, boating, swimming, sailing, horseback riding, and water skiing.[16]

State parks

There are seven state parks in Garrett County. All offer picnic and fishing areas; all but Casselman River State Park have hiking paths. Mountain bike paths, swimming areas, and boat launches and rentals are available at Deep Creek, Herrington Manor, and New Germany state parks. Rental cabins are available at Herrington Manor and New Germany state parks. Big Run, Deep Creek, Herrington Manor, and New Germany state parks all offer canoeing, while campsites may be found at Big Run, Deep Creek, New Germany, and Swallow Falls state parks.[17]

County parks

Garrett County owns four park sites and fifteen recreation facilities. The parks are maintained in cooperation with local associations and civic groups. The recreation areas are attached to public schools and colleges and maintained by the Garrett County Board of Education.[19]

Municipal parks

The municipal parks of Garrett County provide sport facilities, hiking, bike and walk paths, playgrounds, picnic areas, boat ramps, and fishing.[20]

Libraries and Museums

The Ruth Enlow Library was founded in 1915 as the Oakland Free Public Library. Since then, an additional four branches have been added to the library system in Accident, Friendsville, Grantsville, and Kitzmiller. The present director of the library is Thomas Vose.[21]

The Garrett County Historical Society and Museums include a Historical Museum, a Transportation Museum, the Grantsville Museum and the Leo Beachley Photographic Archives.[22]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
188012,175
189014,21316.7%
190017,70124.5%
191020,10513.6%
192019,678−2.1%
193019,9081.2%
194021,98110.4%
195021,259−3.3%
196020,420−3.9%
197021,4765.2%
198026,49823.4%
199028,1386.2%
200029,8466.1%
201030,0970.8%
202028,806−4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[23]
1790-1960[24] 1900-1990[25]
1990-2000[26] 2010[27] 2020[28]

2020 census

Garrett County, Maryland - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[27] Pop 2020[28] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 29,278 27,402 97.28% 95.13%
Black or African American alone (NH) 299 239 0.99% 0.83%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 37 33 0.12% 0.11%
Asian alone (NH) 76 82 0.25% 0.28%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 2 0.00% 0.01%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 2 54 0.01% 0.19%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 185 673 0.61% 2.34%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 220 321 0.73% 1.11%
Total 30,097 28,806 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 30,097 people, 12,057 households, and 8,437 families residing in the county.[29] The population density was 46.5 inhabitants per square mile (18.0/km2). There were 18,854 housing units at an average density of 29.1 per square mile (11.2/km2).[30] The racial makeup of the county was 97.8% white, 1.0% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population.[29] In terms of ancestry, 35.4% were German, 13.6% identified as American, 11.3% were Irish, and 11.3% were English.[31]

Of the 12,057 households, 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.0% were non-families, and 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 42.7 years.[29]

The median income for a household in the county was $45,760 and the median income for a family was $56,545. Males had a median income of $40,035 versus $27,325 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,888. About 8.9% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those aged 65 or over.[32]

2000 census

As of the census[33] of 2000, there were 29,846 people, 11,476 households, and 8,354 families residing in the county. The population density was 18/km2 (46/sq mi). There were 16,761 housing units at an average density of 10/km2 (26/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 98.83% White, 0.43% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 0.37% from two or more races. 0.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 36.1% were of German, 22.9% identified as American, 9.6% English and 8.8% Irish ancestry.

There were 11,476 households, out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.20% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.10% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,238, and the median income for a family was $37,811. Males had a median income of $29,469 versus $20,673 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,219. 13.30% of the population and 9.80% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 16.60% are under the age of 18 and 13.90% are 65 or older.

Garrett County is home to an Amish community in the Oakland area that consists of a church district of about 70 homes. The Amish community dates back to 1850 and became associated with the New Order Amish, with electricity permitted inside of homes.[34]

Politics and government

Government

The County is governed by an elected three-member Board of County Commissioners, whose members serve four-year terms and must live in the district they represent. The Board is the traditional form of county government in Maryland. It may exercise only those powers conferred by the General Assembly of Maryland,[35] and even those powers are narrowly construed.

Garrett County is administered under a line organizational method, with the County Administrator responsible for the general administration of County Government. The administration of the County is centralized with the County Administrator responsible for overseeing the financial planning, annual budget process, personnel management, and direction and management of operations within the organization.[35]

County seal

On December 15, 1977, the seal[6] of Garrett County went into effect by virtue of Resolution #7. The seal is elliptical, with the name "Garrett County" inscribed above the upper fourth of the ellipse, and "Maryland 1872" inscribed below the lower fourth of the ellipse. The date "1872" depicts the year of the formation of Garrett County. The seal illustrates a large snowflake to depict winter; water to represent sailing; and oaks and conifer to represent the county's mountains. The colors are peacock blue for the sky and water. The blue and white background is divided by kelly green.

County flag

The official flag[6] for Garrett County is elliptical. The flag illustrates a large snowflake to depict winter; water to represent sailing; and oaks and conifer to represent the county's mountains. The colors are peacock blue for the sky and water. The blue and white background is divided by kelly green.

Politics

Although since the Civil War Maryland has been a Democratic-leaning state, Garrett County, owing to its history of German settlement from north of the Mason–Dixon line, plus strong pre-war Unionism resulting from virtual absence of slaves,[36] has always been strongly Republican. Since it was created in 1872, Garrett is one of forty counties across the nation (chiefly Unionist strongholds in antebellum slave states) to have never voted for a Democratic presidential candidate.[37][38] Compared with neighbouring and closely allied Grant County, West Virginia, Garrett has not shown quite the same levels of Republican support – Lyndon Johnson did get within 109 votes of Barry Goldwater in 1964 – but as with Grant County, the only occasion Garrett County has not been carried by the official Republican nominee occurred in 1912 when a major split in the Republican Party allowed "Bull Moose Party" nominee and former President Theodore Roosevelt to claim the county. Since 1996, no Democratic presidential nominee has won even 30% of the county’s vote, and not since 2010 has Garrett County voted Democratic in any statewide election.

Garrett County is represented in the U.S. House of Representatives by the 6th congressional district, which includes part of northwestern metro DC. The district is currently represented by Democrat David Trone.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment of Garrett County[39]
Party Total Percentage
Democratic 4,009 19.95%
Republican 13,233 65.85%
Independents, unaffiliated, and other 2,854 14.20%
Total 20,096 100.00%
United States presidential election results for Garrett County, Maryland[40]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 12,002 76.88% 3,281 21.02% 328 2.10%
2016 10,776 76.91% 2,567 18.32% 668 4.77%
2012 9,743 74.05% 3,124 23.74% 290 2.20%
2008 8,903 69.17% 3,736 29.02% 233 1.81%
2004 9,085 72.77% 3,291 26.36% 108 0.87%
2000 7,514 70.52% 2,872 26.95% 269 2.52%
1996 5,400 55.18% 3,121 31.89% 1,265 12.93%
1992 5,714 54.01% 2,856 26.99% 2,010 19.00%
1988 6,665 71.81% 2,557 27.55% 60 0.65%
1984 7,042 74.31% 2,386 25.18% 49 0.52%
1980 5,475 64.07% 2,708 31.69% 362 4.24%
1976 4,640 58.20% 3,332 41.80% 0 0.00%
1972 5,480 76.60% 1,510 21.11% 164 2.29%
1968 4,021 59.38% 1,933 28.54% 818 12.08%
1964 3,624 50.76% 3,515 49.24% 0 0.00%
1960 5,057 68.21% 2,357 31.79% 0 0.00%
1956 5,555 73.09% 2,045 26.91% 0 0.00%
1952 4,980 68.42% 2,281 31.34% 18 0.25%
1948 3,536 64.34% 1,909 34.73% 51 0.93%
1944 4,162 67.97% 1,961 32.03% 0 0.00%
1940 4,387 60.68% 2,805 38.80% 38 0.53%
1936 4,057 55.03% 3,252 44.11% 64 0.87%
1932 3,048 56.00% 2,232 41.01% 163 2.99%
1928 4,371 78.38% 1,168 20.94% 38 0.68%
1924 2,594 61.79% 1,226 29.20% 378 9.00%
1920 2,805 70.25% 1,070 26.80% 118 2.96%
1916 1,808 61.21% 1,031 34.90% 115 3.89%
1912 655 22.43% 1,005 34.42% 1,260 43.15%
1908 2,055 61.97% 1,121 33.81% 140 4.22%
1904 2,051 66.96% 947 30.92% 65 2.12%
1900 2,259 63.10% 1,283 35.84% 38 1.06%
1896 2,058 60.67% 1,277 37.65% 57 1.68%
1892 1,556 52.57% 1,323 44.70% 81 2.74%
1888 1,533 54.91% 1,239 44.38% 20 0.72%
1884 1,369 52.73% 1,172 45.15% 55 2.12%
1880 1,210 50.59% 1,124 46.99% 58 2.42%
1876 995 50.43% 978 49.57% 0 0.00%


Law enforcement

The county is policed by the Garrett County Sheriff's Office and the Maryland State Police.

The state parks are policed by the Department of Natural Resources Police.

The county established an Office of the Fire Marshal in 2022, working in collaboration with the Maryland State Office established in 1894.[41]

Economy

See also: Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development

Garrett County produces natural gas, the only county in the state to do so.[16] Much of the economic activity in the area centers around tourism. In the winter, the Wisp ski resort in Oakland and New Germany State Park's cross-country skiing trail are frequent destinations, and Deep Creek Lake sees much activity in the summer. The state parks in the county are frequented year-round. During the Covid-19 Pandemic, tourism boomed as many people from Washington, DC, Baltimore, and Pittsburgh wanted to get away from the city. The average sale price for a home in the county jumped $250,000 from July 2020 to July 2021.[42] As of July 2021, the average price for a home in the county ($642,805) is the second-most expensive in Maryland, only falling behind Montgomery County.

Transportation

Major highways

I-68/US 40 eastbound and US 219 northbound at MD 495 in Garrett County
I-68/US 40 eastbound and US 219 northbound at MD 495 in Garrett County

For a more comprehensive list, see List of Maryland state highways.

Airport

Garrett County Airport (2G4) is a general aviation airport surrounded by the mountains of Western Maryland. The airport enhances the region's tourist industry and provides emergency air service evacuation and landing facilities for general aviation.[43]

Media

Garrett County is part of the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania television market. KDKA-TV and WTAE-TV in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and WJAC-TV in Johnstown, Pennsylvania serves Oakland, the county seat. Oakland also has an educational television station (by way of PBS member station WGPT, part of state-wide Maryland Public Television; it also serves Pittsburgh-based member station WQED).

It has a weekly newspaper, the Garrett County Republican, which was purchased by NCWV Media in 2017.[44]

Events

Annual events include the Autumn Glory Festival, the Scottish Highland Festival, and the Garrett County Agricultural Fair.

Communities

Garrett County Maryland

Towns

Census-designated places

The United States Census Bureau recognizes seven census-designated places (CDPs) in Garrett County.

Unincorporated communities

The following communities are classified as populated places or locales by the Geographic Names Information System.

Education

Garrett College is a public community college in McHenry, Maryland. The college had three outreach centers in Accident, Grantsville, and Oakland.

Garrett County Public Schools operates public schools. There are two public high schools in the county, Southern Garrett High School and Northern Garrett High School, two public middle schools, Southern Garrett Middle School and Northern Garrett Middle School, and seven public elementary schools, Accident Elementary School, Broad Ford Elementary School, Crellin Elementary School, Friendsville Elementary School, Grantsville Elementary School, Route 40 Elementary School, and Yough Glades Elementary School. There is also one K-8 public school in the county, which is Swan Meadow School.[47]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Census: Garrett County population down 4.3 percent". Garrett County Republican. August 19, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Maryland Counties, Garrett County, Maryland". Maryland Manual On-Line. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  4. ^ "PG Clips". Archived from the original on June 25, 2013. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
  5. ^ Cope, Thomas D (May 1949), "Degrees along the west line, the parallel between Maryland and Pennsylvania", Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, American Philosophical Society, 93 (2): 127–133, JSTOR 3143431
  6. ^ a b c "Title 1: General Provisions". Garrett County, MD Code of Ordinances. American Legal Publishing Corporation. Archived from the original on October 31, 2009. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  7. ^ "Hoye-Crest | Maryland". peakery.com. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
  8. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 13, 2014. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
  10. ^ Gary B. Blank, Ph.D. Associate professor, Department of Forestry. Maryland Department of Natural Resources (ed.). "Forest Management History in the Central Appalachians 1900 to 2000" (PDF). Raleigh, NC: Department of Forestry, North Carolina State University. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 19, 2011. Retrieved November 27, 2009. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ "The Glades". Maryland. The Nature Conservancy. Archived from the original on January 5, 2011. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
  12. ^ "Maryland at a Glance, Land, Mountains". Maryland Manual On-Line. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  13. ^ "Maryland at a Glance, Waterways, Creeks". Maryland Manual On-Line. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  14. ^ "Maryland at a Glance, Waterways, Lakes". Maryland Manual On-Line. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  15. ^ "Maryland at a Glance, Waterways, Waterfalls". Maryland Manual On-Line. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  16. ^ a b "Garrett County". County Profiles. Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development. Archived from the original on March 27, 2009. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  17. ^ "Maryland at a Glance, Parks & Recreation, State Parks". Maryland Manual On-Line. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  18. ^ "Sang Run State Park". Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  19. ^ "Maryland at a Glance, Parks & Recreation, County Parks". Maryland Manual On-Line. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  20. ^ "Maryland at a Glance, Parks & Recreation, Municipal Parks". Maryland Manual On-Line. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  21. ^ "About the Library | Ruth Enlow Library of Garrett County". www.relib.net. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  22. ^ Garrett County Historical Society and Museums American Heritage.
  23. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  24. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
  25. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
  26. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
  27. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Garrett County, Maryland". United States Census Bureau.
  28. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Garrett County, Maryland". United States Census Bureau.
  29. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
  30. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
  31. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
  32. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
  33. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  34. ^ "Maryland Amish". Amish America. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  35. ^ a b "Board of Garrett County Commissioners". Board of Commissioners. Garrett County Online. Archived from the original on October 21, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  36. ^ Levine, Mark V.; 'Standing Political Decisions and Critical Realignment: The Pattern of Maryland Politics, 1872-1948'; The Journal of Politics, volume 38, no. 2 (May, 1976), pp. 292-325
  37. ^ DeLisio, James E.; Maryland Geography: An Introduction, p. 260 ISBN 1421414821
  38. ^ Maxwell, Brandt; ‘A Few Lists of 2008 Election Results (Part II)’
  39. ^ "Summary of Voter Activity Report" (PDF). Maryland State Board of Elections. August 2020. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
  40. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
  41. ^ "State Fire Marshal Notifies Garrett County Residents and Businesses of Changes" (Press release). Office of the State Fire Marshall. July 13, 2022.
  42. ^ "Garrett County home prices continue to soar". No. Garrett County home prices continue to soar. Garrett County Republican. August 26, 2021. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
  43. ^ "Garrett County Airport (2G4)". FAA Information effective 22 October 2009. AirNav.com. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  44. ^ Maryland, West Virginia-based NCWV Media has bought The Republican, a weekly newspaper in Oakland. "NCWV Media buys Maryland paper". News & Tech.
  45. ^ "Ryan's Glade Election District". Garrett County.
  46. ^ "Mason-Dixon Line: Milestone No. (206)" (PDF). Maryland Historic Trust.
  47. ^ "Navigation". Garrett County Public Schools. Retrieved July 13, 2019.

County, State and Federal government

Historical and academic

Business and tourism

Coordinates: 39°17′N 79°22′W / 39.283°N 79.367°W / 39.283; -79.367