Garuda Indonesia Flight 865
PK-GIE Garuda Indonesia McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 at Hong Kong Kai Tak Airport in July 1993.jpg
PK-GIE, the aircraft involved in the accident, at now-closed Kai Tak Airport in July 1993.
Date13 June 1996
SummaryRejected takeoff due to engine failure
SiteFukuoka Airport, Fukuoka, Japan
33°34′11″N 130°27′42″E / 33.56972°N 130.46167°E / 33.56972; 130.46167Coordinates: 33°34′11″N 130°27′42″E / 33.56972°N 130.46167°E / 33.56972; 130.46167
Aircraft typeMcDonnell Douglas DC-10-30
OperatorGaruda Indonesia
IATA flight No.GA865
ICAO flight No.GIA865
Call signINDONESIA 865
Flight originFukuoka Airport, Fukuoka, Japan
StopoverNgurah Rai International Airport, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
DestinationSoekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta, Indonesia
Injuries170 (3 crew, 167 passengers)
Seat map of Garuda Indonesia Flight 865 (the passengers in 34K, 35K, and 35J died)[1]: 21 
Seat map of Garuda Indonesia Flight 865 (the passengers in 34K, 35K, and 35J died)[1]: 21 

Garuda Indonesia Flight 865 (GA/GIA 865) was a scheduled international flight from Fukuoka, Japan, to Jakarta, Indonesia via Bali, Indonesia.[2] On 13 June 1996, Flight 865 crashed on its takeoff from runway 16 at Fukuoka Airport. Three of the 275 on board suffered fatal injuries in the accident.


Flight 865 was cleared for takeoff from Runway 16. Suddenly, the crew of the McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, Captain Ronald Longdong (42), First Officer Yudhia Putra and Flight Engineer Dwi Prayitno, attempted to abort take-off after the failure of the number 3 (right) engine. The abort occurred at speeds nearing V2, and after rotation of the nose. Following the abort, attempts were made to stop the aircraft on the runway by use of brakes, ground spoilers and thrust reversers, but the crew was unable to stop the aircraft within the boundaries of the runway, which exited the airport property.[2] The captain stated that he feared that the aircraft might hit buildings or objects if he did not abort the takeoff.[3]

In slowing down, the aircraft slid through a ditch, a fence and a road before finally coming to rest approximately 620 metres (2,030 ft) beyond the runway threshold. Damage done to the aircraft during the slide across the ground caused the landing gear to break off and both wing-mounted engines to be torn from the wings. The fuselage broke in two places, at about the wing root trailing edge, and at approximately 10.4 metres (34 ft) aft of the wing root trailing edge. The resultant fire destroyed the areas between the hull fractures, and other areas of the aircraft. The bodies of 3 men were later discovered in the back of the wreckage of the plane. Two of the passengers in seats 34K and 35K died as a result of the violent impact; the third fatality, seated in 35J was rendered unconscious by the impact and was unable to escape the spreading inferno. [1]

The final report concluded that pilot error and the failure of the maintenance and flight operation sections of the airline in properly coordinating matters resulted in the accident.[4]


The aircraft involved was a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, registration PK-GIE. It had its first flight on 24 April 1979 and was delivered to Garuda Indonesia on 27 July 1979. The aircraft was 17 years old at the time of the accident, it was the 284th DC-10 built and its MSN number was 46685.[5]

Engine details

The aircraft had three General Electric CF6-50C2 turbofan engines.[6] The cause of the engine failure leading to the crash was that the engine turbine blades had been in service for 6,182 cycles (take-offs and landings) when General Electric said to discard blades after 6,000 cycles.[7]


Flight 865's wreckage
Flight 865's wreckage

The former aircraft registration number (PK-GIE) was later used on one of Garuda Indonesia's Boeing 777-3U3 ERs.


  1. ^ a b "Aircraft Accident Investigation Report, Garuda Indonesia Douglas DC-10-30, PK-GIE Fukuoka Airport" (PDF). Aircraft Accident Investigation Commission, Ministry of Transport, Japan. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b Ranter, Harro. "Garuda Indonesia PK-GIE". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
  3. ^ "Garuda pilot details Fukuoka crash". The Japan Times. 21 February 1997. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Garuda crash blamed on pilot misjudgment". The Japan Times. 20 November 1997. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
  5. ^ "PK-GIE Garuda Indonesia McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 - cn 46685 / 284". Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  6. ^ "MC DONNELL - DOUGLAS DC - 10". Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Accident Garuda Flight 865 DC-10 PK-GIE". Airfleets aviation. Retrieved 31 May 2016.