|Gauhati High Court|
|Established||5 April 1948|
|Jurisdiction||Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Mizoram|
|Location||Principal Seat: Guwahati, Assam|
Circuit Benches: Kohima, Aizawl & Itanagar
|Composition method||Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Governor of respective state.|
|Authorized by||Constitution of India|
|Appeals to||Supreme Court of India|
|Judge term length||mandatory retirement by age of 62|
|Number of positions||24 (Permanent 18; Additional 6)|
|Since||10 January 2021|
The Guwahati High Court was promulgated by governor general of India on 1 March 1948 after the Government of India Act 1935 was passed. Establishing the High Court of Assam with effect from 5 April 1948, for the then Province of Assam. It was originally known as the High Court of Assam and Nagaland, but renamed as Gauhati High Court in 1971 by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.
It has largest jurisdiction in terms of states, with its area covering the states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Mizoram.
After Indian independence, the Assam Legislative Assembly adopted a resolution on 9 September 1947 that a High Court be established for the Province of Assam. In exercise of power conferred by the Government of India Act 1935, the Governor General of India on 1 March 1948 promulgated the Assam High Court Order, 1948, establishing the High Court of Assam. It was inaugurated on 5 April 1948 by H. J. Kania, the Chief Justice of India. Sir R.F. Lodge was sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the Assam High Court on the same day. The Assam High Court initially had its sittings at Shillong but shifted to Guwahati on 14 August 1948.
Later, when Nagaland state was created on 1 December 1963, the Assam High Court was renamed as the High Court of Assam and Nagaland.
On re-organization of the northeastern region of India by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971, the High Court of Assam and Nagaland was abolished with effect from 21 January 1972 by section 28(1)(a) of the Act. The Courts of Judicial Commissioners for Manipur and Tripura, which were functioning as high courts, were also abolished by section 30(1) of the Act. In place of these three entities, a common high court for five states, named Gauhati High Court, was established by section 28(1)(b) of the Act. This High Court was given jurisdiction over the then union territories of Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram by section 32 of the Act.
After Meghalaya, Manipur and Tripura got its High Court, the Gauhati High Court ceased its jurisdiction in these three states.
 The principal seat of the Gauhati High Court is at Guwahati in Assam. The court has 3 outlying benches. These are:
Former benches, now full-fledged high courts:
The Kohima Bench is located on the eastern slope of the Ministers’ Hill in the capital city of Nagaland, Kohima. The building where the Kohima Banch is, was earlier a Hostel which was renovated for the Kohima Bench. The inauguration of the Bench at the capital Kohima, was on 1 December 1972, by the Hon’ble Mr. Justice M.C.Pathak.
Permanent Judge for the State of Nagaland
Elevated as Additional Judge on 22 May 2013.
The Permanent Bench at Itanagar was inaugurated on 12 August 2000 by Hon'ble Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India, Dr. A.S. Anand at Naharlagun which is located about 13 km. from the capital town, Itanagar.
Permanent Judge for the State of Arunachal Pradesh
The Aizawl Permanent Bench is situated at the capital city of Mizoram, Aizawl. On 5 July 1990, the Aizawl Permanent Bench of the Gauhati High Court was established and inaugurated by the then Chief Justice of India, Mr. Justice S.B.Mukherjee
Permanent Judge for the State of Mizoram
Elevated as Additional Judge of the Gauhati High Court on 22 May 2013
Elevated as Additional Judge, Gauhati High Court on 7 January 2015
|1||Leonard Stone (judge)||1947||1947|
|2||R. F. Lodge||1947||1948|
|3||T V Thadani||1948||1949|
|5||C P Sinha||1950||1952|
|9||C. S. Row Nayudu||1965||1970|
|10||S. K. Dutta||1973||1973|
|(9)||C. S. Row Nayudu||1973||1974|
|(10)||S. K. Dutta||1974||1975|
|11||M. C. Pathak||1975||1976|
|12||M. S. Swamy||1976||1977|
|(11)||M. C. Pathak||1977||1978|
|(12)||M. S. Swamy||1978||1978|
|13||C. M. Lodha||6 July 1978||10 March 1979|
|14||Debi Singh Tewatia||10 March 1979||30 September 1985|
|15||P. C. Reddy||30 September 1985||2 November 1986|
|16||K. M. Lahiri||1986||1986|
|17||T. S. Misra||1986||1988|
|18||G. M. Lodha||1 March 1988||15 March 1988|
|19||A. S. Raghuvir||6 May 1988||21 March 1991|
|20||R. K. Manisana Singh||27 January 1994||1 February 1994|
|21||V. K. Khanna||1 February 1994||14 February 1997|
|22||M. Ramakrishna||18 June 1997||12 February 1999|
|23||Brijesh Kumar||12 February 1999||19 October 2000|
|24||N. C. Jain||20 October 2000||5 April 2001|
|25||R. S. Mongia||5 April 2001||10 June 2002|
|26||P. P. Naolekar||10 June 2002||27 August 2004|
|27||Binod Kumar Roy||27 August 2004||5 December 2005|
|28||B. S. Reddy||5 December 2005||12 January 2007|
|29||Jasti Chelameswar||12 January 2007||17 March 2010|
|30||Ramesh Surajmal Garg||17 April 2010||18 June 2010|
|31||Madan Lokur||18 June 2010||20 December 2011|
|32||Adarsh Kumar Goel||20 December 2011||11 October 2013|
|33||Abhay Manohar Sapre||11 October 2013||13 August 2014|
|(32)||Adarsh Kumar Goel||2015||2015|
|(33)||Abhay Manohar Sapre||2016||2016|
|(34)||Ajit Singh||5 March 2016||5 September 2018|
|(33)||Abhay Manohar Sapre||5 September 2018||29 October 2018|
|35||A. S. Bopanna||29 October 2018||24 May 2019|
|36||Ajai Lamba||24 May 2019||10 January 2021|
|37||Sudhanshu Dhulia||10 January 2021|