Gautam Buddh Nagar district
Location of Gautam Buddh Nagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
DivisionMeerut
Established6 September 1997
HeadquartersGreater Noida
Tehsils
  1. Sadar (Noida)
  2. Dadri
  3. Jewar
Government
 • District MagistrateSuhas Lalinakere Yathiraj (IAS)
 • Commissioner of PoliceAlok Singh (IPS)
Area
 • Total1,442 km2 (557 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,648,115
 • Density1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy68.14%[1]
 • Sex ratio851 / 1000
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP-16
Major highwaysNH-24, DND Flyway, Noida–Greater Noida Expressway and Yamuna Expressway
Websitegbnagar.nic.in

Gautam Buddha Nagar is a largely suburban district of Uttar Pradesh, named after Gautama Buddha.[2] It is part of the Delhi NCR and is divided into 3 sub-divisions i.e. Noida Sadar, Dadri and Jewar. Greater Noida is the administrative headquarters of Gautam Buddha Nagar district. Noida, Greater Noida, Dadri, Jewar and Dankaur falls under this district.

History

Gautam Buddha Nagar (GBN) district was formed on 6 September 1997 by carving out the portions of Ghaziabad district and Bulandshahr district. Dadri and Bisrakh blocks carved out of Ghaziabad, while Dankaur and Jewar blocks have been carved out of Bulandshahr.[3] People from this land were actively associated with the Indian independence movement. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Sukhdev and Chandra Shekhar Azad used Nalgadha village (Sector-145, Noida) presently situated on the Noida-Greater Noida Expressway to hide during the freedom struggle. They planned 1929 bomb attack on the Central Legislative Assembly from Nalgadha village.[4][5]

The area occupied by this district has a roots in Ramayana, as Bisrakh village in Greater Noida which is believed to be the birthplace of Ravana's father, Vishrava Rishi lies in this land.[6] In Mahabharata, Dankaur was the Dronacharya's ashram, where Kauravas and Pandavas took their training.

Demographics

Religion in Gautam Buddha Nagar district (2011)[1]

  Hinduism (84.58%)
  Islam (13.08%)
  Sikhism (0.56%)
  Christianity (0.45%)
  Buddhism (0.05%)
  Jainism (0.27%)
  Not Stated (1%)
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901204,084—    
1911201,453−0.13%
1921194,556−0.35%
1931207,635+0.65%
1941242,431+1.56%
1951281,621+1.51%
1961331,688+1.65%
1971406,847+2.06%
1981514,037+2.37%
1991770,367+4.13%
20011,105,292+3.68%
20111,648,115+4.08%
source:[7]

According to the 2011 census of India, Gautam Buddha Nagar has a population of 1,648,115. It is ranked 294th out of a total of 640 Indian districts in terms of population. Gautam Buddha Nagar has a population density of 1,161 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,010/sq mi).

The female literacy stands at 72.78% much higher than national average of 65.46%.[8]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 94.68% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 1.29% Bengali, 1.10% Urdu, 0.97% Punjabi and 0.49% Maithili as their first language.[9]

Administration

The Gautam Buddha Nagar district is headed by a District Magistrate (DM), usually an IAS officer. The district is divided into 3 sub-divisions, each headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate (SDM).

Sr. No Sub-division Block(s) No. of Villages
1. Sadar (Noida) Bisrakh and Dankaur
2. Dadri Dadri
3. Jewar Jewar

Politics

Gautam Buddha Nagar district has three assembly seats i.e. Noida, Dadri and Jewar. These 3 assembly seats of GB Nagar district along with Sikandrabad and Khurja assembly seats of Bulandshahr district falls under the Gautam Buddh Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency).

Places to visit

References

  1. ^ a b "Gautam Buddha Nagar district Population". Census India. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 September 2009. Retrieved 10 September 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "History of Gautam Buddha Nagar district (Noida)". GBN District. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Noida Authority to make atlas to bring Noida on tourist map". The Times of India. 4 April 2015.
  5. ^ "Bhagat Singh's hideout forgotten by history". The Hindu. 16 August 2014.
  6. ^ "Ramlila a non-starter in the land of Ravana worshippers". The Hindustan Times. 27 September 2021.
  7. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  8. ^ "Ghaziabad, GB Nagar hub of high literacy, falling sex ratio". The Times of India. TNN. 6 April 2011. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
  9. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue

Coordinates: 28°32′00″N 77°23′21″E / 28.5333°N 77.3891°E / 28.5333; 77.3891