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Nation Healthcare Security Administration
国家医疗保障局

Headquarters in 2022
Agency overview
Formed1952; 72 years ago (1952)
Jurisdiction People's Republic of China
Headquarters2 Tiyuguan Road, Dongcheng District, Beijing
Agency executive
Parent agencyState Council
Websitewww.sport.gov.cn Edit this at Wikidata

The General Administration of Sport (Chinese: 国家体育总局; pinyin: Guójiā Tǐyù Zǒngjú) is the government agency responsible for sports in mainland China. It is subordinate to the State Council of the People's Republic of China. It also administers the All-China Sports Federation and Chinese Olympic Committee.[1]

The agency is currently led by minister Gao Zhidan.

Functions

The administration is responsible for a number of areas. They are:[2][3]

  1. Creating a national sports framework
  2. Providing development in the sports industry and promoting sports development in rural regions.
  3. Promote physical activity and exercise participation in schools, regional and local communities.
  4. Organizing athletic and national sports events
  5. Enforcement of drug use and anti-competitive measures
  6. Liaising and cooperating sports with Hong Kong, Macau and Chinese Taipei.
  7. Organizing international sport events in China
  8. Support and fund research into the development of sports
  9. Implementing regulation governing the sports industry, market and best practice

History

In the 1950s, the State Physical Culture and Sports Commission under General He Long conducted sports exchanges with the Soviet Union and eastern Europe.[4]: 139 

During the Cultural Revolution, in 1966, China's national teams stopped training and withdrew from all international events.[4]: 139 

In 1968, the commission was placed under the People's Liberation Army and General Lin Biao.[4]: 139 

1970, China's national teams began competing again.[4]: 139  The first major international event a Chinese team participated in since 1966 was the World Table Tennis Championship in Nagoya, Japan, which ultimately led to the ping-pong diplomacy with the United States.[4]: 139 

In 1972, the commission was removed from PLA control.[4]: 139  The commission was tasked with facilitating sports diplomacy.[4]: 139  In 1974, it exchanged 172 groups of 3,200 athletes with eighty other countries, most of them in the Third World.[4]: 139 

(Need Expanding)

Administration

The agency is organised into the following departments.[7][2]

List of directors

Name Chinese name Took office Left office Ref.
He Long 贺龙 November 1952 January 1968 [4]: 139 
Cao Cheng 曹诚 1968 1971
Wang Meng 王猛 July 1971 December 1974
Zhuang Zedong 庄则栋 December 1974 February 1977
Wang Meng 王猛 February 1977 August 1981
Li Menghua 李梦华 August 1981 December 1988
Wu Shaozu 伍绍祖 December 1988 April 2000
Yuan Weimin 袁伟民 April 2000 December 2004
Liu Peng 刘鹏 December 2004 November 2016
Gou Zhongwen 苟仲文 November 2016 July 2022
Gao Zhidan 高志丹 29 July 2022 Incumbent

See also

References

  1. ^ "The State General Administration of Sport". 2008-09-07. Archived from the original on 2008-09-07. Retrieved 2020-05-08.
  2. ^ a b "China State General Sports Administration". Archived from the original on 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
  3. ^ "China State General Sports Administration". 2008-12-06. Archived from the original on 2008-12-06. Retrieved 2020-05-08.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Minami, Kazushi (2024). People's Diplomacy: How Americans and Chinese Transformed US-China Relations during the Cold War. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9781501774157.
  5. ^ 中国赛国乒选手相继退赛,樊振东后许昕宣布退出 (in Chinese). 乐视体育. 2017-06-23. Archived from the original on 2020-11-04. Retrieved 2017-06-23.
  6. ^ General Administration of Sport (2017-06-23). 体育总局:男乒运动员擅自弃赛极其错误 将严肃处理 (in Chinese). QQ News. Retrieved 2017-06-23.
  7. ^ "PRC Government Structure Report, General Administration of Sport". 2008-11-28. Archived from the original on 2008-11-28. Retrieved 2020-05-08.