General Directorate of Security
Emniyet Genel Müdürlüğü
Badge of the Turkish General Directorate Security
Badge of the Turkish General Directorate Security
Common namePolis
Agency overview
Formed10 April 1845 (1845-04-10)
Employees335,360 personnel[1]
Jurisdictional structure
National agencyTurkey
Operations jurisdictionTurkey
Constituting instrument
  • Law on Duties and Powers of the Police
General nature
Operational structure
HeadquartersAnkara, Turkey
Elected officer responsible
Agency executive
  • Erol Ayyıldız, General Director
Parent agencyMinistry of the Interior
Website
www.egm.gov.tr

The General Directorate of Security (Turkish: Emniyet Genel Müdürlüğü) or Turkish Police Service (Turkish: Türk Polis Teşkilatı) is the national civilian police force responsible for law enforcement of the Republic of Turkey, which is affiliated with the Ministry of Interior.

Structure

In the provinces, it operates under the command of governors (Turkish: vali) and district governors (Turkish: kaymakam). Civil administrators (Turkish: mülki amir) are responsible for the security and well-being of towns and districts. The Turkish National Police (TNP) operates within the network of the civil administration system and carries out its duties under the command and control of the civil authority. Town governors and heads of district administrations supervise the force.[2]

The TNP is organised as follows:[3]

Ranks

 
General Directorate of Security[4]
Director general
Emniyet Genel Müdürü
1st Degree Police Chief
1. Sınıf Emniyet Müdürü
2nd Degree Police Chief
2. Sınıf Emniyet Müdürü
3rd Degree Police Chief
3. Sınıf Emniyet Müdürü
4th Degree Police Chief
4. Sınıf Emniyet Müdürü
Superintendent
Emniyet Amiri
Chief inspector
Başkomiser
Inspector
Komiser
Deputy-inspector
Komiser Yardımcısı
Sergeant
Kıdemli Başpolis Memuru
Corporal
Başpolis Memuru
Police officer
Polis Memuru

Function and mission

Provincial Police Headquarters in Ordu

In general, the police's realm of responsibility is geographically located inside the municipal boundaries in Turkey. In accordance with the “Law on Duties and Powers of the Police”, the duties of the Police are to:[5]

The TNP also has political duties such as the protection of the integrity of the state and the preservation of constitutional order. Furthermore, the TNP has administrative functions, including preventive, protective and assistance duties.

A Traffic Services Department, a Highways Traffic Security Council and a Supreme Board for Highway Security have been established in order to deal with traffic problems more effectively.

The TNP hosts the Istanbul Conference on Democracy and Global Security.[6]

Units

All Turkish police officers wear navy-blue uniforms and caps.

Patrol cars can be identified by their unique blue-white design and the writing “Polis” (Turkish for 'Police') on the side doors and hood.

Commissioners and police chiefs wear silver stars rank on their shoulders and police directors wear gold stars.

Some well-known police units in Turkey are:

Training

The TNP receives two categories of training, the first being in-service training provided by the Department of Education operating directly under the General Directorate of Security; whereas pre-profession training is provided by the Police Academy. The Police Academy offers five different training programs:

There are other educational institutions that give expert in-service training, such as the Turkish International Academy Against Drugs and Organized Crime and the Crime Investigation and Research Education Center.

Equipment

Handguns

Shotguns

Submachine guns

Assault/Battle Rifle

Riot control

Machine Guns

Sniper Rifles

Grenade Launchers

EOD/Drone Jammer system

Directed energy weapon

Unmanned ground vehicle

Combat drones

Patrol Vehicles

Vehicle Image Origin/Assembly Type
Patrol cars
TOGG[24]  Turkey Electric patrol car
Ford Transit Courier  Turkey
 United States
Most common patrol car
Fiat Doblo  Turkey
 Italy
Renault Mégane  Turkey
 France
Traffic police car
Renault Symbol Standard patrol and traffic police car
Hyundai Accent  Turkey
 South Korea
Traffic police car
Toyota Corolla  Turkey
 Japan
Traffic and motorway police car
Fiat Egea  Turkey
 Italy
Patrol car
Toyota Hilux  Turkey
 Japan
Traffic police car
Renault Fluence  Turkey
 France
Renault Kangoo[25] Patrol car
Ford Transit Connect  Turkey
 United States
Patrol car
Dacia Duster  Turkey
 France
 Romania
Fiat Linea  Turkey
 Italy
Hyundai Elantra  Turkey
 South Korea
Traffic police car
Volkswagen Caddy[25]  Turkey
 Germany
Patrol car
Opel Insignia Traffic police car
Opel Combo Life[25] Patrol car
BMW 320i (F30) Traffic police car
Subaru Impreza  Turkey
 Japan
Toyota Prius Patrol car/Traffic police
Mini Cooper  Turkey
 Germany
 United Kingdom
Audi A3  Turkey
 Germany
BMW 120i
Nissan Navara  Turkey
 Japan
Nissan Juke[25]
Ferrari 458 Italia[26]  Italy Traffic police car
Bentley GT[27]  United Kingdom Traffic police car
Mercedes Benz CLA[28]  Germany Traffic police car
Mercedes Benz GLS[29]  Germany Traffic police car
Audi RS6[30]  Germany Traffic police car
Porsche Taycan[31]  Germany Traffic police car
Volvo XC90[32]  Sweden Traffic police car
Range Rover[33]  United Kingdom Traffic police car
Land Rover Freelander[34]  United Kingdom Traffic police car
Volkswagen Golf Mk8[35]  Germany Traffic police car
Peugeot 3008[36]  France Traffic police car
BMW 5[37]  Germany Traffic police car
Skoda Kodiaq[38]  Czech Republic Traffic police car
Ford Ranger  Turkey
 United States
Forensics car
GMC Yukon Presidential Guards car
Patrol motorbikes
BMW R1200 GS[25]  Germany Patrol motorbike
Honda Africa Twin[25]  Japan
Yamaha Fazer 1/6[25]
Honda VFR 800[25]
Vans and busses
Ford Transit  Turkey
 United States
Patrol van
Ford Transit Custom
Fiat Ducato  Turkey
 Italy
Isuzu Turkuaz  Turkey
 Japan
Patrol bus
Otokar Sultan -  Turkey
Katmerciler Kiraç[39] Criminal research vehicle

Armoured Vehicles

Vehicle Image Origin/Assembly Type Notes
Infantry mobility vehicles/MRAPs
Otokar Akrep[40] -  Turkey Infantry mobility vehicle
Otokar APC/

Shorland S-55[41]

Otokar Cobra[42]
Otokar Cobra II[11]
BMC Kirpi[43] Mine-resistant ambush protected
BMC Vuran[44]
Nurol Ejder[45] 417 vehicles in service[46]
Nurol Yörük[47] Infantry mobility vehicle/Presidential Protection Department car
Otokar Ural[48] - Infantry mobility vehicle 126+ vehicles in service.
BMC Amazon[49] Multi-purpose armoured vehicle
Nurol ILGAZ II[49] Mine-resistant ambush protected
Riot control
TOMA[45]  Turkey Intervention Vehicle against Social Incidents
AFV/APC
Commando V-150S[11]  United States Amphibious armoured car/Armoured personnel carrier
Dragoon[11] Amphibious armoured fighting vehicle
Unmanned Ground Vehicles
Aselsan Aslan[50] -  Turkey Medium-class unmanned ground vehicle
Aselsan Kaplan[51] Light-class unmanned ground vehicle

Boats

Aircraft

Vehicle Image Origin Type Notes
Aircraft
Beechcraft Super King Air[56]  United States Transport aircraft B350i variant in use
Cessna Citation XLS+[25] Utility aircraft
Helicopters
Bell 206[57]  United States
 Canada
Multi-purpose utility helicopter
Bell 429[57]  United States
 Canada
 South Korea
Multi-purpose utility helicopter
Sikorsky S-70 Black Hawk[58]  United States
 Turkey
Medium transport/Utility helicopter 20 T-70 on order.[59]
TAI T625 Gökbey  Turkey Utility helicopter 3 on order.[60]
TAI/AgustaWestland T129 ATAK[61][62]  Turkey
 Italy
Attack helicopter
Unmanned aerial vehicles
TAI Anka[63]  Turkey MALE UCAV
Baykar Bayraktar TB2[63]
ÇAĞATAY[64][65] - VTOL UAV
UÇBEY[66]
Arcturus T-20[67]  United States Tactical reconnaissance UAV

Planned Acquisition :

See also

References

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