George Franklin Drew
12th Governor of Florida
In office
January 2, 1877 – January 4, 1881
LieutenantNoble A. Hull
Preceded byMarcellus Stearns
Succeeded byWilliam D. Bloxham
Personal details
BornAugust 6, 1827
Alton, New Hampshire
DiedSeptember 26, 1900 (aged 73)
Jacksonville, Florida
Political partyDemocratic
SpouseAmelia Dickens Drew

George Franklin Drew (August 6, 1827 – September 26, 1900) was the 12th Governor of the U.S. state of Florida.

Early life and career

George Franklin Drew was born on August 6, 1827 in Alton, New Hampshire.[1] Drew had a grammar school level education[2] and quit going to school when he was 12 because of his family's financial problems and ended up working on the family farm. Drew moved to Lowell, Massachusetts in 1841 to become an apprentice.[3] He moved to the South in 1847 where he opened a machine shop in Columbus, Georgia. During the American Civil War, Drew was loyal to the Union despite living in the Confederacy.[2] After the Civil War ended, he moved to Ellaville, Florida in 1865 where he opened the largest sawmill in Florida.[1][2]

Drew was a supporter of Ulysses S. Grant's presidential run in 1868.[3] During Reconstruction in Florida,[4] he became the chairman of the Madison County's commissioners in 1870.[5] Drew would unsuccessfully run for the Florida State Senate in 1872.[3]


In 1876 he would be elected as the Governor of Florida and during his campaign he drew support from African Americans, and Whig/Unionist Party elements in the state.[4] Drew became the Governor of Florida on January 2, 1877.[1]

As governor he would try to eliminate the state's budget deficit from the state's previous administration. In his 1877 program he sent to the state legislature, he would follow the economic trajectory of Bourbon Democrats. To eliminate the deficit he proposed cutting expenditures and did not have much hope for immediate tax credits. He would end up closing the state prison at Chattahoochee to save money and ended up establish convict leasing instead.[4]

With regards to education, Drew said it would be “cheaper to build schoolhouses and maintain schools than to build poorhouses and jails and support paupers and criminals.” He believed that the state had a responsibility to support the education of African Americans. Minor improvements were done to public school system at the elementary level with rural education being encouraged and textbooks being standardized; Drew's support did not extent to public high schools which he advocated eliminating. During Drew's administration he decided to abandon the Florida Agriculture College which was set to open in Eau Gallie.[4]

Drew opted to not seek a second term in 1880.[4]

Later life and death

He left office on January 4, 1881, returning to the lumber business. Later in life, he would settle in Jacksonville serving as the president of the city's trade board. Drew died on September 26, 1900, in Jacksonville.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d "George Franklin Drew - Florida Department of State". Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Williamson, Edward C. (January 1960). "George F. Drew, Florida's Redemption Governor". The Florida Historical Quarterly. Florida Historical Society. 38 (3): 206–215. JSTOR 30140600 – via JSTOR.
  3. ^ a b c Bulit, David (April 19, 2022). "The Ghost Town of Ellaville". Abandoned FL.
  4. ^ a b c d e Williamson, Edward C. (January 1960). "George F. Drew, Florida's Redemption Governor". The Florida Historical Quarterly. 38 (3): 206–215 – via STARS (Showcase of Text, Archives, Research & Scholarship) from the University of Central Florida Libraries.
  5. ^ History of Florida: Past and Present, Historical and Biographical - Volume 3. Lewis Publishing Company. 1923. p. 323 – via Google Books.
Party political offices Preceded byWilliam D. Bloxham Democratic nominee for Governor of Florida 1876 Succeeded byWilliam D. Bloxham Political offices Preceded byMarcellus L. Stearns Governor of Florida January 2, 1877 – January 4, 1881 Succeeded byWilliam D. Bloxham