The Earl of Carlisle
George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle.jpg
The Earl of Carlisle
Lord Privy Seal
In office
16 July 1827 – 21 January 1828
MonarchGeorge IV
Prime MinisterGeorge Canning
The Viscount Goderich
Preceded byThe Duke of Portland
Succeeded byThe Lord Ellenborough
In office
5 June 1834 – 14 November 1834
MonarchWilliam IV
Prime MinisterThe Viscount Melbourne
Preceded byThe Earl of Ripon
Succeeded byThe Earl of Mulgrave
Personal details
Born17 September 1773 (1773-09-17)
London, England
Died7 October 1848 (1848-10-08) (aged 75)
Castle Howard, Yorkshire, England
Political partyTory
Whig
Spouse(s)
(m. 1801)
Children

Hon. Henry George Howard

  • Mary Labouchere, Baroness Taunton
Parent(s)Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle
Lady Margaret Leveson-Gower
Alma materEton College
Christ Church, Oxford

George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle of Castle Howard, KG, PC, FRS (17 September 1773 – 7 October 1848), styled Viscount Morpeth until 1825, was a British statesman.[1] He served as Lord Privy Seal between 1827 and 1828 and in 1834 and was a member of Lord Grey's Whig government as Minister without Portfolio between 1830 and 1834.

Early life

Carlisle was the eldest son of Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle of Castle Howard, and his wife Lady Margaret Caroline Leveson-Gower,[1] Among his siblings were brothers: Hon. William Howard, Maj. Hon. Frederick Howard, and the Very Rev. Hon. Henry Howard, Dean of Lichfield; and sisters: Lady Isabella Howard (wife of John Campbell, 1st Baron Cawdor), Lady Elizabeth Howard (wife of John Manners, 5th Duke of Rutland), and Lady Gertrude Howard (wife of William Sloane-Stanley).[2]

His paternal grandparents were Henry Howard, 4th Earl of Carlisle and, his second wife, Hon Isabella Byron (daughter of William Byron, 4th Baron Byron and relative of Lord Byron). His mother was daughter of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford and his wife Lady Louisa, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Scroop Egerton, 1st Duke of Bridgewater.[2]

He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford.[3]

Political career

Carlisle was returned to parliament for Morpeth as a Whig in 1795, a seat he held until 1806;[4] he then represented Cumberland until 1820.[5] In 1806 he was sworn on to the Privy Council[6] and appointed to the Indian board in the unity "Ministry of All the Talents", but resigned in 1807.[7] In 1825 he succeeded his father to the earldom and he entered the House of Lords.

He served in the moderate Tory governments of George Canning and Lord Goderich as First Commissioner of Woods and Forests between May and July 1827[8] and as Lord Privy Seal (with a seat in the cabinet) between July 1827 and January 1828.[9] However, he split with the Tories over electoral reform[1] and later served as a member of the cabinet in the Whig administrations of Lord Grey and Lord Melbourne as Minister without Portfolio between 1830 and 1834 and once again as Lord Privy Seal between July and November 1834.[10]

Apart from his political career Carlisle was Lord Lieutenant of the East Riding of Yorkshire between 1824 and 1840.[3][11] He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1837.[12]

Family

On 21 March 1801, Lord Carlisle was married to Lady Georgiana Cavendish (1783–1858), daughter of William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire and Lady Georgiana Spencer (the eldest daughter of John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer).[1] They were parents of twelve children:[1][2]

  1. George Howard, 7th Earl of Carlisle (1802–1864), who did not marry.[2]
  2. Lady Caroline Georgiana Howard (1803–1881), who married William Lascelles, Comptroller of the Household.[2]
  3. Lady Georgiana Howard (1804–1860), who married George Agar-Ellis, 1st Baron Dover.[2]
  4. Hon. Frederick George Howard (1805–1834), who died unmarried before his father.[2]
  5. Lady Harriet Elizabeth Georgiana Howard (1806–1868), who married George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 2nd Duke of Sutherland.[2]
  6. William George Howard, 8th Earl of Carlisle (1808–1889), who did not marry.[2]
  7. Edward Granville George Howard, 1st Baron Lanerton (1809–1880), who married Diana Ponsonby, daughter of the Hon. George Ponsonby.[2]
  8. Lady Blanche Georgiana Howard (1812–1840), who married William Cavendish, later Earl of Burlington and Duke of Devonshire.[2]
  9. Hon. Charles Wentworth George Howard (1814–1879), who married Mary Parke, daughter of James Parke, Baron Wensleydale. They were parents of George Howard, 9th Earl of Carlisle.[2]
  10. Lady Elizabeth Dorothy Anne Howard (1816–1891), who married Rev. Francis Richard Grey, son of Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey.[2]
  11. Hon. Henry George Howard (1818–1879), who married Mary Wellesley McTavish in 1845 at the house of her aunt, the Marchioness Wellesley. Mary was the daughter of John McTavish, British Consul at Baltimore, and Emily Caton (daughter of Richard Caton and granddaughter of Charles Carroll of Carrollton). He served as Secretary of the British Embassy in Paris. His wife died in Paris 21 February 1850, in her 23rd year.[13]
  12. Lady Mary Matilda Georgiana Howard (1823–1892), who married Henry Labouchere, 1st Baron Taunton.[2]

Lord Carlisle died at Castle Howard, Yorkshire, in October 1848, aged 75, and was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son, George. The Countess of Carlisle died at Castle Howard in August 1858, aged 75.[3]

As his eldest son died unmarried and without legitimate issue, his third son became the 8th Earl of Carlisle in 1864. He also died unmarried and without legitimate issue, so the 9th Earl of Carlisle was his grandson, George James Howard, the only son of his fifth son Charles, whose descendants hold the titles to this day.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Machin, Ian (January 2008). "Howard, George, sixth earl of Carlisle (1773–1848)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 9 August 2009.(subscription required)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Carlisle, Earl of (E, 1661)". cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited.
  3. ^ a b c thepeerage.com George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle
  4. ^ "leighrayment.com House of Commons: Mitcham to Motherwell South". Archived from the original on 10 August 2009. Retrieved 3 November 2009.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  5. ^ "leighrayment.com House of Commons: Cornwall to Cynon Valley". Archived from the original on 24 September 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2009.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  6. ^ "No. 15887". The London Gazette. 4 February 1806. p. 157.
  7. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Carlisle, Earls of" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 340.
  8. ^ "No. 18362". The London Gazette. 18 May 1827. p. 1081.
  9. ^ "No. 18379". The London Gazette. 17 July 1827. p. 1537.
  10. ^ "No. 19161". The London Gazette. 5 June 1834. p. 1040.
  11. ^ leighrayment.com Peerage: Carew to Castlereagh
  12. ^ "No. 19477". The London Gazette. 21 March 1837. p. 769.
  13. ^ Morgan, Henry James, ed. (1903). Types of Canadian Women and of Women who are or have been Connected with Canada. Toronto: Williams Briggs. p. 163.
Parliament of Great Britain Preceded bySir James Erskine, BtFrancis Gregg Member of Parliament for Morpeth 1795–1801 With: Sir James Erskine, Bt 1795–1796William Huskisson 1796–1801 Succeeded byParliament of the United Kingdom Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded byParliament of Great Britain Member of Parliament for Morpeth 1801–1806 With: William Huskisson 1801–1802William Ord 1802–1806 Succeeded byWilliam OrdWilliam Howard Preceded byHenry FletcherSir John Lowther, Bt Member of Parliament for Cumberland 1806–1820 With: Sir John Lowther, Bt Succeeded bySir John Lowther, BtJohn Christian Curwen Political offices Preceded byCharles Arbuthnot First Commissioner of Woods and Forests 1827 Succeeded byWilliam Sturges Bourne Preceded byThe Duke of Portland Lord Privy Seal 1827–1828 Succeeded byThe Lord Ellenborough Preceded by– Minister without Portfolio 1830–1834 Succeeded by– Preceded byThe Earl of Ripon Lord Privy Seal 1834 Succeeded byThe Earl of Mulgrave Honorary titles Preceded byThe Earl of Mulgrave Lord Lieutenant of the East Riding of Yorkshire 1824–1840 Succeeded byThe Lord Wenlock Peerage of England Preceded byFrederick Howard Earl of Carlisle 1825–1848 Succeeded byGeorge Howard