George Murray, 6th Duke of Atholl
George Murray, 6th Duke of Atholl

George Augustus Frederick John Murray, 6th Duke of Atholl, KT, DL (20 September 1814 – 16 January 1864) was a Scottish peer, important landowner, and freemason.

Life

Born at Great Cumberland Place, Westminster, Murray was the son of James Murray, 1st Baron Glenlyon. His father was the second son of John Murray, 4th Duke of Atholl, and his wife Lady Emily Frances Percy, a daughter of Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland.[1] In 1837 he succeeded his father as Lord Glenlyon, gaining a seat in the House of Lords, and also served in the British Army as a lieutenant of the 2nd Dragoon Guards, retiring in 1840.[1] As Lord Glenlyon, he formed the Atholl Highlanders in 1839 as his personal bodyguard. On 30 August of that year he attended the 13th Earl of Eglinton's tournament in Ayrshire in the guise of 'The Knight of the Gael', accompanied by a retinue of his Highlanders. In 1844, when Queen Victoria stayed at Blair Castle, the Atholl Highlanders provided the guard for the Queen. So impressed was she with their turnout that she ordered they be presented with colours, giving them official status as a regiment of the British Army.[2]

In 1846, Murray succeeded his uncle John Murray, 5th Duke of Atholl, to the Atholl estates and peerages. The same year, he became a Deputy Lieutenant for Perthshire and in 1853 was invested as a Knight of the Thistle.[1]

In October 1854, shortly before the death of the Jacobite pretender Charles Edward Stuart, Count Roehenstart, Atholl welcomed him as a guest at Blair Castle.[3]

He served as 66th Grand Master Mason of Scotland from 1843 to 1863 and was Grand Master of England from 1843 until his death in January, 1864.[4]

Personal life

On 29 October 1839, as Lord Glenlyon he married Anne Home-Drummond, daughter of Henry Home-Drummond.

Atholl died in 1864, aged 49, from cancer of the neck, and was succeeded in his peerages and estates by his only child John.

The Atholl Memorial Fountain in Dunkeld is dedicated to his memory.[5]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c Dod, Robert P. (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. p. 96.
  2. ^ Watt, P. & Waine, R. (2019), Wild and Majestic: Romantic Visions of Scotland, National Museums Scotland, pp. 72 - 73
  3. ^ The Mystery of Dunkeld at essaychief.com, accessed 21 March 2011
  4. ^ Denslow, William R. (1957). 10,000 Famous Freemasons. Columbia, Missouri, USA: Missouri Lodge of Research.
  5. ^ Monument to 6th Duke of Atholl, The Cross, High StreetHistoric Environment Scotland
Masonic offices Preceded byLord Frederick FitzClarence Grand Master of theGrand Lodge of Scotland 1843–1864 Succeeded byJohn Whyte-Melville Peerage of Scotland Preceded byJohn Murray Duke of Atholl 1846–1864 Succeeded byJohn Stewart-Murray Peerage of the United Kingdom Preceded byJames Murray Baron Glenlyon 1837–1864 Succeeded byJohn Stewart-Murray