Gilbert Carlton Walker
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Virginia's 3rd district
March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1879
|Preceded by||John A. Smith|
|Succeeded by||Joseph E. Johnston|
|Chairman of the House Committee on Education and Labor|
March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877
|Preceded by||James Monroe|
|Succeeded by||John Goode, Jr.|
|36th Governor of Virginia|
September 21, 1869 – January 1, 1874
Provisional Governor from September 21, 1869 – January 1, 1870
|Lieutenant||John F. Lewis|
John Lawrence Marye Jr.
|Preceded by||Henry H. Wells (as Provisional Governor)|
|Succeeded by||James L. Kemper|
|Born||August 1, 1833|
Binghamton, New York
|Died||May 11, 1885 (aged 51)|
New York, New York
|Resting place||Spring Forest Cemetery, Binghamton, New York|
|Political party||Republican (before 1870)|
|Democratic (after 1870)|
|Spouse(s)||Olive E. Evans (m. 1857-1855, his death)|
|Alma mater||Hamilton College|
Gilbert Carlton Walker (August 1, 1833 – May 11, 1885) was a United States political figure. He served as the 36th Governor of Virginia, first as a Republican provisional governor between 1869 and 1870, and again as a Democrat elected governor from 1870 to 1874. He was the last Republican governor of Virginia until Linwood Holton took office in 1970.
Walker was born in Binghamton, New York on August 1, 1833, the son of Sabinus Walker and Matilda (Galloway) Walker.[a] Walker's parents separated when he was young, and his mother married Donald Grant of Chenango, New York. He attended academies in Delaware, New York and Binghamton, New York, then attended Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts from 1851 to 1852.
In 1854, Walker received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Hamilton College in Clinton, New York. While in college, he became a member of the Sigma Phi fraternity, and he won the college's first prize for declamation during his junior year. He studied law with Judge Horace S. Griswold of Binghamton and was admitted to the bar in 1855. In 1857 he received his Master of Arts degree from Hamilton.
Walker practiced in Owego, New York, from 1855 to 1859 and in Chicago from 1859 to 1864. He moved to Norfolk, Virginia, in 1864 and practiced law. Walker also became involved in finance, and served as president of Norfolk's Exchange National Bank. His other business ventures included serving on the board of directors of the American Fire Insurance Company of Norfolk. In 1866, he was an original incorporator of the Norfolk Insurance and Trust Company. Walker was also a director of the Atlantic Iron Works and Dock Company, and served as its president from 1866 to 1869. Walker was president of Richmond, Virginia's Granite Insurance Company from 1874 to 1878 and editor and publisher of the Richmond Enquirer from 1874 to 1875.
Walker served as Governor of Virginia from 1869 to 1874. He also served as a Democrat in the Forty-fourth and Forty-fifth Congresses (March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1879). In the Forty-fourth Congress he was chairman of the Committee on Education and Labor. He did not stand for reelection in 1878.
Walker resettled in Binghamton, New York, in 1879 and resumed his legal practice. He moved to New York City in 1881, where he continued practicing law. Walker remained active in business ventures, including serving as president of the New York Underground Railroad Company.
Walker died in New York City on May 11, 1885. He was buried at Spring Forest Cemetery in Binghamton.
In 1857, Walker married Olive E. Evans of Binghamton.