Gildas Molgat
Gildas Molgat in 2000
Speaker of the Senate
In office
November 22, 1994 – January 25, 2001
Nominated byJean Chrétien
Appointed byRamon Hnatyshyn
Preceded byRoméo LeBlanc
Succeeded byDaniel Hays
Senator for Manitoba
In office
October 7, 1970 – February 28, 2001
Nominated byPierre Trudeau
Appointed byRoland Michener
Leader of the Opposition (Manitoba)
In office
Preceded byDouglas Lloyd Campbell
Succeeded byWalter Weir
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba for Ste. Rose
In office
July 6, 1953 – October 7, 1970
Preceded byMaurice Dane MacCarthy
Succeeded byAime Adam
Leader of the Manitoba Liberal Party
In office
April 20, 1961 – May 10, 1969
Preceded byDouglas Campbell
Succeeded byRobert Bend
President of the Liberal Party of Canada
In office
Preceded byRichard Stanbury
Succeeded byAlasdair Graham
Personal details
Born(1927-01-25)January 25, 1927
Sainte-Rose-du-Lac, Manitoba
DiedFebruary 28, 2001(2001-02-28) (aged 74)
Political partyLiberal Party of Canada
Manitoba Liberal Party
Professionbusiness consultant

Gildas Laurent Molgat, CD (January 25, 1927 – February 28, 2001) was a Canadian politician. He served as leader of the Manitoba Liberal Party from 1961 to 1969, and was subsequently appointed to the Senate of Canada, where he served as Speaker from 1994 until 2001. He died shortly thereafter.[1]

The son of Louis F. Molgat and Adele Abraham,[2] Molgat was born in Ste. Rose du Lac, Manitoba.[1] He was educated at Ste. Rose School and the University of Manitoba.[2] He worked as a manager for Bethel-Rennie Ltd. United Stores and Advance Credit Corporation, and served as an army captain in the Royal Winnipeg Rifles.[3] He was married to Allison Malcolm.[4]

Molgat was first elected to the Manitoba legislature in 1953, in the francophone riding of Ste. Rose. He was a Liberal-Progressive, and a supporter of Premier Douglas Lloyd Campbell.[5]

The Liberal-Progressives lost the election of 1958, though Molgat was easily re-elected[5] over his Progressive Conservative opponent. This was partly the result of historical francophone voting patterns in the province—most Franco-Manitobans supported the Progressive Party of John Bracken in the 1920s, and continued to support the party after it merged with the Liberals in 1932. Although Dufferin Roblin's Tories made several gains in 1958, the province's francophone ridings continued to elect Liberal-Progressive MLAs.

Molgat was re-elected in 1959,[5] again by a significant margin. When Campbell resigned as Liberal leader in 1961 (the "Progressive" name having been dropped), Molgat was selected to replace him.[1] A protégé of Campbell, he was aligned with the more traditionalist wing of the party. His primary opponent for the party's leadership was Stan Roberts, who represented its modernizing wing. He was the first francophone party leader in Manitoba since 1919, and the first ever in the province's Liberal Party.

As party leader, Molgat prevented the Liberals from falling behind the New Democratic Party for third-party status, but he was never able to pose a serious threat to Roblin's government. The Progressive Conservatives had greater urban support, and were generally regarded as the more "modernizing" party. The Liberals won 13 seats in 1962, and 14 in 1966 (out of 57). Molgat never faced any serious competition in his own riding.

Roblin resigned as Progressive Conservative leader in 1967 and was replaced by the more conservative Walter Weir. After the election of Pierre Trudeau as Prime Minister of Canada in 1968, Weir's government took a number of steps to prevent the establishment of official bilingualism in the province. These measures seemed to be supported by many in Manitoba's anglophone community, and the provincial Liberals were shut out in four crucial by-elections in early 1969. Molgat resigned as party leader soon thereafter, and was replaced by Robert Bend.

This proved to be a poor strategic decision for the Liberals. Bend represented the rural, traditional wing of the party, and had been out of politics for a decade. His campaign fared poorly, and the party was reduced to five members in the general election of 1969 (three of whom were francophone). Molgat was again elected in Ste. Rose without serious difficulty.

The election itself resulted in a temporary stalemale, with Edward Schreyer's New Democrats winning 28 seats out of 57, one shy of a majority. There were negotiations among the Liberal and Conservative parties to form a coalition; one scenario would have seen Molgat serving as Premier. The impasse was ended when a francophone Liberal MLA named Laurent Desjardins announced that he would support the NDP.

Molgat resigned his seat on October 7, 1970, having been appointed on the recommendation of Pierre Trudeau to the Canadian Senate. Now allowed to use the title "The Honourable", he soon became one the Senate's leading figures in the field of constitutional reform, co-chairing a Special Joint Committee on the Constitution of Canada in 1971, and another on Senate Reform in 1983. He also served as president of the Liberal Party of Canada from 1973 until 1976. Later in the 1980s, he would serve as chair of the Senate Committee of the Whole on the Meech Lake Constitutional Accord.[1]

Molgat was elected deputy speaker in 1983 and was re-elected to the position in 1988. From September 30, 1991, to November 11, 1993, he served as deputy opposition leader in the Senate. When the federal Liberals under Jean Chrétien formed government, Molgat became deputy government leader. One year later, when Roméo LeBlanc was appointed Governor General of Canada, Molgat replaced him as Speaker of the Senate of Canada.[1]

Molgat also served as president of the Liberal Party of Canada.[1] He died in hospital on February 28, 2001, following a stroke.[6]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Gildas Molgat – Parliament of Canada biography
  2. ^ a b "Gildas Molgat, LL.D., June 2, 1998". University of Manitoba. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
  3. ^ "Gildas Laurent "Gil" Molgat (1927-2001)". Memorable Manitobans. Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved 2013-08-19.
  4. ^ "Obituary". Winnipeg Free Press. March 3, 2001. Retrieved 2013-08-19.
  5. ^ a b c "MLA Biographies - Deceased". Legislative Assembly of Manitoba. Archived from the original on 2014-03-30.
  6. ^ "Senator Gildas Molgat dies at 74". CBC News. February 28, 2001. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
Parliament of Canada Preceded byRoméo LeBlanc Speaker of the Senate of Canada 1994–2001 Succeeded byDan Hays Party political offices Preceded byRichard Stanbury President of the Liberal Party of Canada 1973–1976 Succeeded byAlasdair Graham