The Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS) is an industry taxonomy developed in 1999 by MSCI and Standard & Poor's (S&P) for use by the global financial community. The GICS structure consists of 11 sectors, 25 industry groups, 74 industries and 163 sub-industries[1] into which S&P has categorized all major public companies. The system is similar to ICB (Industry Classification Benchmark), a classification structure maintained by FTSE Group.

GICS is used as a basis for S&P and MSCI financial market indexes in which each company is assigned to a sub-industry, and to an industry, industry group, and sector, by its principal business activity. "GICS" is a registered trademark of McGraw Hill Financial and MSCI Inc.[2][3]

Classification

The classification is as follows:[1]

Sector Industry Group Industry Sub-Industry
10 Energy 1010 Energy 101010 Energy Equipment & Services 10101010 Oil & Gas Drilling
10101020 Oil & Gas Equipment & Services
101020 Oil, Gas & Consumable Fuels 10102010 Integrated Oil & Gas
10102020 Oil & Gas Exploration & Production
10102030 Oil & Gas Refining & Marketing
10102040 Oil & Gas Storage & Transportation
10102050 Coal & Consumable Fuels
15 Materials 1510 Materials 151010 Chemicals 15101010 Commodity Chemicals
15101020 Diversified Chemicals
15101030 Fertilizers & Agricultural Chemicals
15101040 Industrial Gases
15101050 Specialty Chemicals
151020 Construction Materials 15102010 Construction Materials
151030 Containers & Packaging 15103010 Metal, Glass & Plastic Containers
15103020 Paper & Plastic Packaging Products & Materials
151040 Metals & Mining 15104010 Aluminum
15104020 Diversified Metals & Mining
15104025 Copper
15104030 Gold
15104040 Precious Metals & Minerals
15104045 Silver
15104050 Steel
151050 Paper & Forest Products 15105010 Forest Products
15105020 Paper Products
20 Industrials 2010 Capital Goods 201010 Aerospace & Defense 20101010 Aerospace & Defense
201020 Building Products 20102010 Building Products
201030 Construction & Engineering 20103010 Construction & Engineering
201040 Electrical Equipment 20104010 Electrical Components & Equipment
20104020 Heavy Electrical Equipment
201050 Industrial Conglomerates 20105010 Industrial Conglomerates
201060 Machinery 20106010 Construction Machinery & Heavy Transportation Equipment
20106015 Agricultural & Farm Machinery
20106020 Industrial Machinery & Supplies & Components
201070 Trading Companies & Distributors 20107010 Trading Companies & Distributors
2020 Commercial & Professional Services 202010 Commercial Services & Supplies 20201010 Commercial Printing
20201050 Environmental & Facilities Services
20201060 Office Services & Supplies
20201070 Diversified Support Services
20201080 Security & Alarm Services
202020 Professional Services 20202010 Human Resource & Employment Services
20202020 Research & Consulting Services
20202030 Data Processing & Outsourced Services
2030 Transportation 203010 Air Freight & Logistics 20301010 Air Freight & Logistics
203020 Passenger Airlines 20302010 Passenger Airlines
203030 Marine Transportation 20303010 Marine Transportation
203040 Ground Transportation 20304010 Rail Transportation
20304030 Cargo Ground Transportation
20304040 Passenger Ground Transportation
203050 Transportation Infrastructure 20305010 Airport Services
20305020 Highways & Railtracks
20305030 Marine Ports & Services
25 Consumer Discretionary 2510 Automobiles & Components 251010 Automobile Components 25101010 Automotive Parts & Equipment
25101020 Tires & Rubber
251020 Automobiles 25102010 Automobile Manufacturers
25102020 Motorcycle Manufacturers
2520 Consumer Durables & Apparel 252010 Household Durables 25201010 Consumer Electronics
25201020 Home Furnishings
25201030 Homebuilding
25201040 Household Appliances
25201050 Housewares & Specialties
252020 Leisure Products 25202010 Leisure Products
252030 Textiles, Apparel & Luxury Goods 25203010 Apparel, Accessories & Luxury Goods
25203020 Footwear
25203030 Textiles
2530 Consumer Services 253010 Hotels, Restaurants & Leisure 25301010 Casinos & Gaming
25301020 Hotels, Resorts & Cruise Lines
25301030 Leisure Facilities
25301040 Restaurants
253020 Diversified Consumer Services 25302010 Education Services
25302020 Specialized Consumer Services
2550 Consumer Discretionary Distribution & Retail 255010 Distributors 25501010 Distributors
255030 Broadline Retail 25503030 Broadline Retail
255040 Specialty Retail 25504010 Apparel Retail
25504020 Computer & Electronics Retail
25504030 Home Improvement Retail
25504040 Other Specialty Retail
25504050 Automotive Retail
25504060 Homefurnishing Retail
30 Consumer Staples 3010 Consumer Staples Distribution & Retail 301010 Consumer Staples Distribution & Retail 30101010 Drug Retail
30101020 Food Distributors
30101030 Food Retail
30101040 Consumer Staples Merchandise Retail
3020 Food, Beverage & Tobacco 302010 Beverages 30201010 Brewers
30201020 Distillers & Vintners
30201030 Soft Drinks & Non-alcoholic Beverages
302020 Food Products 30202010 Agricultural Products & Services
30202030 Packaged Foods & Meats
302030 Tobacco 30203010 Tobacco
3030 Household & Personal Products 303010 Household Products 30301010 Household Products
303020 Personal Care Products 30302010 Personal Care Products
35 Health Care 3510 Health Care Equipment & Services 351010 Health Care Equipment & Supplies 35101010 Health Care Equipment
35101020 Health Care Supplies
351020 Health Care Providers & Services 35102010 Health Care Distributors
35102015 Health Care Services
35102020 Health Care Facilities
35102030 Managed Health Care
351030 Health Care Technology 35103010 Health Care Technology
3520 Pharmaceuticals, Biotechnology & Life Sciences 352010 Biotechnology 35201010 Biotechnology
352020 Pharmaceuticals 35202010 Pharmaceuticals
352030 Life Sciences Tools & Services 35203010 Life Sciences Tools & Services
40 Financials 4010 Banks 401010 Banks 40101010 Diversified Banks
40101015 Regional Banks
4020 Financial Services 402010 Financial Services 40201020 Diversified Financial Services
40201030 Multi-Sector Holdings
40201040 Specialized Finance
40201050 Commercial & Residential Mortgage Finance
40201060 Transaction & Payment Processing Services
402020 Consumer Finance 40202010 Consumer Finance
402030 Capital Markets 40203010 Asset Management & Custody Banks
40203020 Investment Banking & Brokerage
40203030 Diversified Capital Markets
40203040 Financial Exchanges & Data
402040 Mortgage Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) 40204010 Mortgage REITs
4030 Insurance 403010 Insurance 40301010 Insurance Brokers
40301020 Life & Health Insurance
40301030 Multi-line Insurance
40301040 Property & Casualty Insurance
40301050 Reinsurance
45 Information Technology 4510 Software & Services
451020 IT Services 45102010 IT Consulting & Other Services
45102030 Internet Services & Infrastructure
451030 Software 45103010 Application Software
45103020 Systems Software
4520 Technology Hardware & Equipment 452010 Communications Equipment 45201020 Communications Equipment
452020 Technology Hardware, Storage & Peripherals 45202030 Technology Hardware, Storage & Peripherals
452030 Electronic Equipment, Instruments & Components 45203010 Electronic Equipment & Instruments
45203015 Electronic Components
45203020 Electronic Manufacturing Services
45203030 Technology Distributors
4530 Semiconductors & Semiconductor Equipment 453010 Semiconductors & Semiconductor Equipment 45301010 Semiconductor Materials & Equipment
45301020 Semiconductors
50 Communication Services 5010 Telecommunication Services 501010 Diversified Telecommunication Services 50101010 Alternative Carriers
50101020 Integrated Telecommunication Services
501020 Wireless Telecommunication Services 50102010 Wireless Telecommunication Services
5020 Media & Entertainment 502010 Media 50201010 Advertising
50201020 Broadcasting
50201030 Cable & Satellite
50201040 Publishing
502020 Entertainment 50202010 Movies & Entertainment
50202020 Interactive Home Entertainment
502030 Interactive Media & Services 50203010 Interactive Media & Services
55 Utilities 5510 Utilities 551010 Electric Utilities 55101010 Electric Utilities
551020 Gas Utilities 55102010 Gas Utilities
551030 Multi-Utilities 55103010 Multi-Utilities
551040 Water Utilities 55104010 Water Utilities
551050 Independent Power and Renewable Electricity Producers 55105010 Independent Power Producers & Energy Traders
55105020 Renewable Electricity
60 Real Estate 6010 Equity Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) 601010 Diversified REITs 60101010 Diversified REITs
601025 Industrial REITs 60102510 Industrial REITs
601030 Hotel & Resort REITs 60103010 Hotel & Resort REITs
601040 Office REITs 60104010 Office REITs
601050 Health Care REITs 60105010 Health Care REITs
601060 Residential REITs 60106010 Multi-Family Residential REITs
60106020 Single-Family Residential REITs
601070 Retail REITs 60107010 Retail REITs
601080 Specialized REITs 60108010 Other Specialized REITs
60108020 Self-Storage REITs
60108030 Telecom Tower REITs
60108040 Timber REITs
60108050 Data Center REITs
6020 Real Estate Management & Development 602010 Real Estate Management & Development 60201010 Diversified Real Estate Activities
60201020 Real Estate Operating Companies
60201030 Real Estate Development
60201040 Real Estate Services

Per the MSCI World index, Information Technology is the biggest sector, with 22% of world capitalisation.

Revisions

The classification standard is regularly updated by S&P Dow Jones Indices and MSCI. Numerous changes over the years have resulted in the addition, deletion, or redefinition of various sub-industries, industries, or industry groups.[4] Since 1999, there have been two revisions at the sector level:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "The Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS®)". Retrieved 2023-03-21.
  2. ^ "MSCI-Barra GICS Tables". Archived from the original on 2014-03-26. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
  3. ^ "MSCI-Barra GICS Sector Definitions". Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-03-26. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-11. Retrieved 2015-01-25.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "S&P Dow Jones Indices and MSCI Announce Further Revisions to the Global Industry Classification Standard Structure in 2016" (pdf). Retrieved 28 Dec 2018.
  6. ^ "Revisions to the Global Industry Classification Standard Structure in 2018" (pdf). Retrieved 28 Dec 2018.
  7. ^ "REVISIONS TO THE GLOBAL INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION STANDARD (GICS®) STRUCTURE EFFECTIVE MARCH, 2023" (pdf). Retrieved 21 Mar 2023.