Glock Ges.m.b.H.
Company typePrivate (Ges.m.b.H.)
IndustryArms industry
Founded1963; 61 years ago (1963)[1]
FounderGaston Glock
Entrenching tools
Horse care products
Number of employees
1,325 (2015)[2]

Glock Ges.m.b.H. (doing business as GLOCK) is a light weapons manufacturer headquartered in Deutsch-Wagram, Austria, named after its founder, Gaston Glock. The company makes popular polymer-framed pistols, but also produces field knives, entrenching tools, various horse related products, and apparel.

Glock handguns are used by armed forces and law enforcement organizations worldwide, including most law enforcement agencies in the United States.[3] Glock handguns are popular in some countries for personal protection and practical shooting. The company sponsors a competitive shooting team that travels worldwide.[4] As of 2014, Glock produced over two dozen models of handguns in three sizes and seven calibers.[5][6][7]



Main article: Glock

Original Glock 17 issued by the Norwegian military

Glock handguns are common sidearms among law enforcement agencies and military organizations around the world, and are also popular weapons for home defense, and concealed/open carry. They are reputed to be highly reliable, able to function under extreme conditions and available in a wide range of ammunition types (9mm, 10mm, .40 S&W, .45 ACP, .45 GAP, .357 SIG, .380 ACP, and .22 LR). Third-party conversion kits for .400 Corbon, .40 Super, and .50 GI are also available. The simplicity of the Glock design as well as its simple operation contributes to its reliability, as it contains a relatively small number of components (nearly half as many as the typical handgun, each one interchangeable requiring no hand-fitting) making maintenance and repair easier and less costly. In December 2019, Glock introduced their first production-model .22-caliber pistol, the Glock 44.[7]

The polymer frame makes them lighter than typical steel or aluminum-framed handguns, an attractive feature for police officers and citizens who carry firearms for extended periods of time. The trigger is the only operating element; all three safeties are deactivated when the trigger is pulled, and automatically activated when it is released. Glock pistols have no manual safeties like other brands' external safety, often in the form of a lever or button. The only external controls aside from the trigger are the slide stop lever, the magazine catch, and the slide lock for disassembly.[8] This adds to the simplicity of use and removes a potential source of error while operating the handgun under stress. Most of the steel components in a Glock pistol are treated with a nitriding process called Tenifer,[9] which hardens the surface and makes the pistol resistant to corrosion and wear.

Though the Heckler & Koch VP70 was the first polymer-framed pistol and predated the Glock 17 by 12 years, the popularity of Glock pistols inspired other manufacturers to begin production of similar polymer-framed firearms, including the Walther P99, Smith & Wesson Sigma, HS2000 (Springfield Armory XD), Steyr M, Taurus PT 24/7, Caracal, FN Herstal FNP and Ruger SR9 pistols.

In addition to their semi-automatic handguns, Glock also produces a select-fire pistol, the Glock 18, which has both semi-automatic and fully automatic mode. This model is generally available only to law enforcement or military organizations and the details of its production are obscure. Conversion kits for other Glocks to be fired in fully automatic mode exist, but they are third-party, and they are specifically marked as Title 2 devices by the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives – restricting their purchase and possession to ATF 3 licensed dealers in the US.[10]


As well as handguns, Glock also produces field knives, entrenching tools, various horse related products, and apparel.


Glock international subsidiaries are:


Glock has twice been the target of embezzlement schemes involving high-ranking officers of the company or others closely related to the company. In 1999, Charles Ewert attempted to have Gaston Glock murdered after Glock asked for a meeting regarding an accusation of embezzlement. Ewert was convicted of attempted murder along with an accomplice for his involvement.[11]

In April 2012, Paul Jannuzzo, the former CEO of US subsidiary Glock, Inc., was convicted of racketeering regarding his involvement in an embezzlement scheme against the company.[12]

Investigations in the Ewert embezzlement case exposed questionable financial dealings by Ewert and a complicated ownership structure hidden behind a string of shell companies in favourable tax locations around the world.[13][14]


  1. ^ "Glock Company Timeline". Bloomberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on 23 September 2009. Retrieved 21 March 2010.
  2. ^ "Wirtschaftsdaten" (in German). news networld internetservice GmbH. Archived from the original on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  3. ^ Ayoob, Massad (May 2004), "The Glock. Tips for selling more of this hot seller", Shooting Industry, retrieved 2 December 2009
  4. ^ "Team GLOCK Shooting Squad preserves their winning streak with multiple victories" (PDF) (Press release). TEAM GLOCK. 10 August 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2009.
  5. ^ Dockery, Kevin (2007). Future Weapons. Berkeley Trade. pp. 158–159. ISBN 978-0-425-21750-4.
  6. ^ Hartink, A.E. (2002). The Complete Encyclopedia of Pistols and Revolvers. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books, Inc. pp. 149–156. ISBN 978-0-7858-1519-8.
  7. ^ a b Glock introduces the .22 cal G44 handgun
  8. ^ Glock Ges.m.b.H (2013). Instructions for Use, Glock Safe Action Pistols (PDF). Glock Ges.m.b.H. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  9. ^ "GLOCK". Archived from the original on 4 December 2008. Retrieved 27 November 2008.
  10. ^ "Questions and Answers | Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives".
  11. ^ "Top Gun". Forbes. 31 March 2003. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
  12. ^ "Ex-Glock executive sentenced to 7-years in prison". Fox. 11 April 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
  13. ^ Grow, Brian; Ewing, Jack; Barrett, Paul M. (10 September 2009). "Glock's Secret Path to Profits". Bloomberg Businessweek.
  14. ^ Jarvis, John Paul (28 January 2011). "The strange case of Mr. Gaston Glock". Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2023.

Further reading