Gloria Victis
Gloria Victis, Salisbury (location from 1909 to 2020)
LocationSalisbury, North Carolina, U.S.
TypeConfederate Monument
Completion date1891
Dismantled date2020

Gloria Victis ("Glory to the Defeated" or "Glory to the Conquered"),[1] also called Fame, is a Confederate monument in Salisbury, North Carolina. Cast in Brussels in 1891, Gloria Victis is one of two nearly-identical sculptures by Frederick Ruckstull (the other being the Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument,[1] removed from public display in Baltimore in 2017).[2][3]

Description

23 feet (7.0 metres) "from the bottom of the pedestal", the bronze statue features an allegorical angel with outstretched wings dressed in robes with a laurel wreath on her head. In one hand she supports a dying soldier holding a battered rifle, while in her other hand—held high—she holds a second laurel wreath.[1][4]

On the pink granite base created from Balfour Quarry stone from nearby Granite Quarry,[1] an inscription says, "Deo Vindice," which can be translated "With God as our champion" or "With God as our vindicator."[5][6]

The dying soldier was modeled from an 1861 photograph of Confederate Lt. Henry Howe Cook of Franklin, Tennessee.[7]

History

Gloria Victis appeared first at an exhibition in Paris, and then at a studio in a New York City, where it was purchased by the UDC as a Confederate monument for Salisbury.[1] Raising the funds took about ten years.[8] $9,000 was raised for the statue itself and $1,500 for the base.[1]

Anna Morrison Jackson, widow of Confederate General Stonewall Jackson, attended the dedication in Salisbury along with 162 Confederate veterans[1] on May 10, 1909, Confederate Memorial Day.[5] Frances Fisher Tiernan read her poem Gloria Victis.[1][4] At that time the statue was dedicated to 2,500 Confederate soldiers from Rowan County.[1]

Although no minutes have been found, in 1927 A.H. Boyden said that he signed a resolution in August 1908 when he was mayor designating the site at West Innes and Church Streets.[9] The resolution was recorded after Boyden signed a document stating "that said site shall be used perpetually for said monument."[10]

In 1990, the DAC raised funds to restore the statue, which had to be taken to Cincinnati.[8]

The statue in 2011
The statue in 2011

In 2015, the North Carolina General Assembly passed the Historic Artifact Management and Patriotism Act, preventing any state owned art work or memorial from being moved without permission from the North Carolina Historical Commission. Exceptions included threat to public safety and agreement between a private owner and the government.[10]

That same year the Charleston church shooting led to discussion of moving the statue.[11]

On August 18, 2018, the monument was covered in white paint, apparently a response to distributing KKK flyers in black neighborhoods.[12] On March 20, 2019 the statue was vandalized again with yellow paint.[13] After the 2019 incident, a public hearing was requested to discuss the possibility of moving the statue. Despite the lack of official confirmation of Boyden's action in 1908, the city was given a legal opinion that it had no authority over the land where the statue is located.[9] City council heard from speakers in June 2019. The city attorney said the 2015 North Carolina law prevents permanently moving monuments and restricts how governments can move monuments for reasons other than safety.[14]

Catawba College professor Gary Freeze proposed a marker near the site and new art work in the current statue location.[10]

More discussion about moving the statue followed shots being fired near the statue during the 2020 George Floyd protests. One commenter pointed out that it interfered with watching for traffic.[15] Safety had been a concern in 1948, 1959 and 1964 as well.[16] An online petition with over 7,000 signatures as of June 12 said the statue appears to support "white supremacy and memorializes a treasonous government whose founding principle was the perpetuation and expansion of slavery."[17] Fame Preservation Group, on the other hand, claimed the statue represents those who fought "against a federal military force invading their land" and that "it’s been made part of Salisbury’s identity."[17] The group's petition opposing a move had 2,600 signatures as of June 12. Suggested sites were Salisbury Prison[17] and Old Lutheran Cemetery.[18] The city council voted June 16 to move the statue because of a threat to public safety.[19] On June 21, the UDC signed the agreement to have the statue moved to Old Lutheran Cemetery in the 500 block of North Lee Street, where Confederate soldiers have tombstones; this location was discussed with descendants of those who raised money for the statue.[20][21]

The statue was moved July 7, 2020[22] and transferred to its new location July 23, 2021.[23]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Wineka, Mark (December 1, 2009). "Celebration of Confederate Monument's First Century Begins Saturday". Salisbury Post.
  2. ^ Miller, Hayley (August 16, 2017). "Baltimore Quietly Removed All 4 of Its Confederate Statues Overnight". Huff Post.
  3. ^ Grierson, Jamie (August 16, 2017). "Baltimore takes down Confederate statues in middle of night". The Guardian.
  4. ^ a b "Fame Confederate Monument, Salisbury". University of North Carolina. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  5. ^ a b Wineka, Mark (August 17, 2017). "What does future hold for Salisbury's Confederate monument?". Salisbury Post. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
  6. ^ Wineka, Mark (July 2, 2015). "Shouldn't we all feel safe under Fame's wings?". Retrieved June 8, 2020.
  7. ^ Whisenant, David. "After 111 years, Salisbury Confederate monument "Fame" moved". wbtv.com. Retrieved 2020-07-09.
  8. ^ a b "Confederate Monument". Salisbury Post. May 26, 2005.
  9. ^ a b Moomey, Liz (March 24, 2019). "Salisbury mayor open to holding public hearing on 'Fame'". Salisbury Post.
  10. ^ a b c Moomey, Liz (July 7, 2019). "Salisbury faces question: What authority does it have around 'Fame?'". Salisbury Post. Retrieved July 7, 2019.
  11. ^ Anderson, Natalie (June 14, 2020). "'More unified community': Council members say community-led deal to move 'Fame' positive for city". Salisbury Post. Retrieved June 14, 2020.
  12. ^ Anapol, Avery (August 19, 2018). "Confederate statue vandalized in North Carolina". The Hill.
  13. ^ Walker, Shavonne (March 21, 2019). "Police looking for 'persons of interest' in vandalism of "Fame" monument". Salisbury Post. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  14. ^ Moomey, Liz (June 17, 2019). "Salisbury City Council hears divided views on the fate of 'Fame'". Salisbury Post. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  15. ^ Anderson, Natalie (June 3, 2020). "Protests reignite debate about whether to move 'Fame' Confederate statue". Salisbury Post. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
  16. ^ Bergeron, Josh (July 13, 2020). "Ask us: Will West Innes Street median follow Confederate monument's removal?". Salisbury Post. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  17. ^ a b c Anderson, Natalie (June 12, 2020). "Debate about 'Fame' statue relocation continues as thousands sign petitions". Salisbury Post. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  18. ^ Whisenant, David (June 12, 2020). "Tentative deal reached to move Salisbury Confederate monument 'Fame,' requires City Council approval". WBTV. Retrieved June 14, 2020.
  19. ^ Anderson, Natalie (June 17, 2020). "Salisbury City Council votes to move 'Fame' Confederate monument off of West Innes Street". Salisbury Post. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  20. ^ "UDC signs agreement from city to relocate 'Fame' Confederate statue". Salisbury Post. June 22, 2020.
  21. ^ Anderson, Natalie (June 12, 2020). "Tentative deal in the works to relocate 'Fame' Confederate statue". Salisbury Post. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  22. ^ Bergeron, Josh (July 7, 2020). "111 years after its dedication, 'Fame' hoisted away from West Innes Street". Salisbury Post. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
  23. ^ Anderson, Natalie (July 23, 2021). "A year after removal, 'Fame' Confederate monument relocated to new home". Salisbury Post. Retrieved July 26, 2021.