Flag terminology is the nomenclature, or system of terms, used in vexillology, the study of flags, to describe precisely the parts, patterns, and other attributes of flags and their display.
A small flag or streamer carried on the lance of a knight, or a long, narrow flag flown from the masthead of a ship.
Generically, a synonym for a flag of any kind, and in heraldry specifically, a square or rectangular flag whose design is identical to the shield of a coat of arms; also denominated a banner of arms.
A distinguishing flag of a recreational boating organisation, which commonly has the shape of a pennant.
A version of a national flag that is flown on civil ships to denote their nationality.
A version of a national flag that is flown on civil installations or craft.
The flag of a military unit.
A small flag flown at each of the corners of a football pitch or other sports field.
A flag that is flown on a visiting ship in foreign waters as a sign of respect for the foreign nation.
The flag of any ship or military unit, or, generically, a synonym for any kind of flag. On ships, an ensign is normally flown at the stern.
A small flag that the French military uses.
A heraldic flag that is suspended and pendent from a crossbar.
A small flag that a military unit flies; in Scottish heraldry, a smaller version of the standard (see below).
A flag flown from a short jackstaff at the bow of a ship.
A flag that is wider at the hoist than at the fly.
A decorative flag for Scottish Highland bagpipes.
A kind of flag that is flown along mountain ridges and peaks in the Himalayas in order to bless the surrounding land.
A flag that a superior naval officer flies on his flagship or headquarters.
A flag or pennant that communicates or signals information that is not heraldic.
In heraldry, a long tapering flag that bears heraldic badges and the motto of the armiger; it may also refer to a military colour that cavalry units fly or a royal standard of a monarch or member of a royal family.
A version of a national flag that represents and may be restricted in use only to the national government and agencies thereof; the design of many state flags consists of the civil flag (see above) defaced with a coat of arms or other heraldic charge.
A flag-like object that is used in a similar symbolic manner as a flag, but that differs from a conventional flag in some way.
A flag-like object that is suspended from a horizontal crossbar; the Ancient Roman army used it as its military standard.
A variant of a national flag that a nation's military forces use on land.
A conical textile tube that is used to indicate the direction and strength of wind.
Any quarter of a flag, but commonly means the upper hoist quarter, such as the field of stars in the flag of the United States or the Union Jack in the Australian Flag.
A piece of loose fabric running along the hoist for attaching a flag to its rope.
Flags often inherit traits seen in traditional European heraldry designs and as a result patterns often share names.
|Border/bordure||Flag of Maldives|
|Canton||Flag of Chile|
|Quadrisection||Flag of Panama|
|Flag of Switzerland|
|Symmetric cross||Flag of Georgia|
|Nordic cross||Flag of Sweden|
|Pale||Flag of Nigeria|
|Fess||Flag of Austria|
|Bend||Flag of Tanzania|
|Chevron||Flag of the Czech Republic|
|Pall||Flag of South Africa|
|Saltire||Flag of Scotland|
A style of flag display where the flag is flown at least the width of the flag between the top of the flag and the top of the pole.
Flag illustrations generally depict flags flying from the observer's point of view from left to right, the view known as the obverse (or "front"); the other side is the reverse (or "back"). There are some exceptions, notably some Islamic flags inscribed in Arabic, which is written from right to left; for these the obverse is defined as the side with the hoist to the observer's right.