Birth nameOla Haga
Died1 January 1670
Known for
  • Zamindar of Tilpat
  • Leading rebellion against Mughal authority
RelationsMadu Haga (father)

Gokula Singh (also known as Veer Gokula, or Gokal or Gokul Singh Jat; died on 1 January 1670 AD) was a Jat zamindar of Tilpat, belonging to Haga(Agre/Agha) gotra,[1] in what is now the state of Haryana, India.[2] The second of four sons born to Madu, his birthname was Ola.[3] Gokula provided leadership to the Jats who challenged the power of the Mughal Empire.



Abdul Nabi had also committed some excesses on the Jat Hindus, which incited the rebellion.[5] Abdul Nabi established a cantonment near Gokul Singh and conducted all his operations from there. They gathered at the village of Sahora where, During May 1669, Abdul Nabi was killed while attempting to seize it. Gokula and his fellow farmers moved further, attacking and destroying the Sadabad cantonment. This inspired the Hindus to fight against the Mughal rulers, who were there to destroy all Hindu rebels in exchange of Gokula Land and territories.[6] The fighting continued for five months.[7][8] In the meantime, after Gokula's death, Churaman had strengthened the Jat fort of Sinsini near Bharatpur, and they sacked regions around Agra and Delhi. Akbar's tomb was looted and according to legends the grave of Akbar was dug up..[9]

Battle of Tilpat

In 1669, Gokula Singh with 20,000 followers faced the Mughals 20 miles from Tilpat. Abdul nabi attacked them. At first he appeared to be gaining ground, but in the middle of the fighting he was killed on 12 May 1669 (21st Zil-Hijja, 1079 A.H.).[10] [11]They retreated to Tilpat, where Hasan Ali followed and besieged them with the reinforcement of 1000 Musketeers, 1000 Rocketmen, and 25 artillery pieces. Amanulla, the Faujdar of the environs of Agra were also sent to reinforce Hasan Ali.[12]


Gokula was killed brutally for treason on 1 January 1670.[citation needed]

See also


  1. ^ "समर वीर गोकुल जाट जी के बलिदान दिवस पर कोटि कोटि नमन - Surya Bulletin". 31 December 2019.
  2. ^ Habib, Irfan (2002). "Forms of Class Struggle in Mughal India". Essays in Indian History: Towards a Marxist Perception ; With, The Economic History of Medieval India: a Survey. Anthem Press. p. 251. ISBN 978-1-84331-025-9.
  3. ^ Narendra Singh Verma: Virvar Amar Jyoti Gokul Singh (Hindi), Sankalp Prakashan, Agra, 1986, p. 5
  4. ^ R. C. Majumdar, H.C. Raychaudhari, Kalikinkar Datta: An Advanced History of India, 2006, p.490
  5. ^ Chandra, Satish. History of medieval India. Orient Blackswan.
  6. ^ Narendra Singh Verma: Virvar Amar Jyoti Gokul Singh (Hindi), Sankalp Prakashan, Agra, 1986, p. 34
  7. ^ Narendra Singh Verma: Virvar Amar Jyoti Gokul Singh (Hindi), Sankalp Prakashan, Agra, 1986, p. 35
  8. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 188. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  9. ^ Reddy, Krishna. Indian History. McGraw Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-132923-1.
  10. ^ Sarkar, Jadunath. "Maasir-i-Alamgiri A history of emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir". AhleSunnah Library. Archived from the original on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  11. ^ Ojha, Dhirendra Nath (1993). Aristocracy in medieval India. Orient Publications. p. 100. ISBN 9788185294056. Retrieved 28 August 2007.
  12. ^ Sharma, Gautam (1990). Valour and Sacrifice: Famous Regiments of the Indian Army. Allied Publishers. pp. 152–153. ISBN 9788170231400. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
Preceded by-- Bharatpur ruler ? – 1670 AD Succeeded byRaja Ram