A golden jubilee marks a 50th anniversary. It variously is applied to people, events, and nations.

Bangladesh

Main article: Vision 2021

See also: Golden jubilee of the independence of Bangladesh [bn]

In Bangladesh, golden jubilee refers the 50th anniversary year of the separation from Pakistan and is called in Bengali "সুবর্ণ জয়ন্তী" (Shuborno jayanti). Vision 2021 was the political manifesto of the Bangladesh Awami League party before winning the National Elections of 2008. It stands as a political vision of Bangladesh for the year 2021, the golden jubilee of the nation. Several celebration programs will be held in countries including India, Russia, Germany, Sweden, Hungary, Poland, Nepal and Bhutan.[1]

China

Korea

Japan

In Japan, golden jubilee refers to the 50th anniversary and is called Go-Zai-i gojūnen kinen (御在位50年記念). Emperor Hirohito (or Emperor Shōwa), celebrated his golden jubilee on 10 November 1976. Showa Memorial Park was established as part of a project to commemorate his golden jubilee.

Singapore

The Singapore50 logo representing the golden jubilee celebrations.
The Singapore50 logo representing the golden jubilee celebrations.

Thailand

The golden jubilee is a royal ceremony to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the accession of the king. The Thai word is kanchanaphisek (กาญจนาภิเษก). The first Golden Jubilee of Thailand was the celebration of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.

The celebration

King Rama IX celebrated his golden jubilee on 9 June 1996, having acceded to the throne in 1946. He was Thailand's longest-reigning monarch.

The 545.65 carat Golden Jubilee Diamond was purchased by Thai businessmen as a gift for the king on the 50th anniversary of his coronation.[3] The diamond is held in the Royal Palace as part of Thailand's crown jewels.

In 1996, Prime Minister Banharn Silpa-archa and the Thai people celebrated the king with a multi-day celebration.

The symbol of the golden jubilee

The symbol of the golden jubilee of King Bhumibol Adulyadej was designed by Wiyada Charoensuk, winner of a design contest.

There are three elements to the design:

The Fine Arts Department wanted this design to:

United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms

In the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms, a golden jubilee celebration is held in the 50th year of a monarch's reign.

For King George III

Main article: Golden Jubilee of King George III

The golden jubilee of King George III was celebrated on 25 October 1809, prior to the actual 50th anniversary in 1810.

For Queen Victoria

Main article: Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria

In 1887 the United Kingdom and the British Empire celebrated Queen Victoria's golden jubilee. Victoria marked 20 June 1887—the fiftieth anniversary of her accession—with a banquet, to which fifty European kings and princes were invited. Although she could not have been aware of it, there was a plan by Irish Republicans to blow up Westminster Abbey while the Queen attended a service of thanksgiving. This assassination attempt, when it was discovered, became known as the Jubilee Plot. At the time, Victoria was an extremely popular monarch.

For Queen Elizabeth II

Main article: Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth II celebrated her golden jubilee in 2002, having ascended the throne in 1952.

In other countries

List of golden jubilees

Monarch Realm Accession Day Commemoration More information
George III United Kingdom 25 October 1760 1809 Golden Jubilee of George III
Victoria United Kingdom and the rest of the British Empire 20 June 1837 1887 Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria
Franz Joseph I Austro-Hungary 2 December 1848 1898
Johann II Liechtenstein 12 November 1858 1908
Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Johor 7 September 1895 1945
Aga Khan III Shia Ismaili 1885 1935
Sobhuza II Swaziland 10 December 1899 1949
Haakon VII Norway 8 November 1905 1955
Hirohito Japan 25 December 1926 1976
Franz Joseph II Liechtenstein 25 July 1938 1988
Bhumibol Adulyadej Thailand 9 June 1946 1996
Rainier III Monaco 9 May 1949 1999
Elizabeth II United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and 12 other Commonwealth realms 6 February 1952 2002 Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II
Karim Aga Khan Shia Ismaili 11 July 1957 2007
Abdul Halim Kedah, Malaysia 15 July 1958 2008
Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 5 October 1967 2017 50th Anniversary Celebrations of Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah's Accession to the Throne of Brunei
Margrethe II Denmark 14 January 1972 2022 Golden Jubilee of Margrethe II
Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III Sharjah (United Arab Emirates) 25 January 1972 2022

See also

References

  1. ^ "Bangladesh to celebrate 50th Independence Day, Mujibur Rahman's centenary". Hindustan Times. September 7, 2019.
  2. ^ "SG50". singapore50.sg. Archived from the original on 2015-03-18.
  3. ^ De beers: A Diamond is Forever "Golden Jubilee" (June 13, 2008) Retrieved October 25, 2013 Archived 2008-06-13 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "His Highness the Aga Khan marks his Golden Jubilee | the Ismaili". Archived from the original on 2016-11-22. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  5. ^ Kedah Sultan's Golden Jubilee Celebration Bernama.com, 12 July 2008
  6. ^ "Kingseat Hospital, Fifty Years, 1932-1982". google.co.nz. 1981.
  7. ^ "The 1946 Automotive Golden Jubilee". Detroit Public Library. Retrieved 2012-02-27.[permanent dead link]