A golden jubilee marks a 50th anniversary. It variously is applied to people, events, and nations.
Main article: Vision 2021
In Bangladesh, golden jubilee refers the 50th anniversary year of the separation from Pakistan and is called in Bengali "সুবর্ণ জয়ন্তী" (Shuborno jayanti). Vision 2021 was the political manifesto of the Bangladesh Awami League party before winning the National Elections of 2008. It stands as a political vision of Bangladesh for the year 2021, the golden jubilee of the nation. Several celebration programs will be held in countries including India, Russia, Germany, Sweden, Hungary, Poland, Nepal and Bhutan.
In Japan, golden jubilee refers to the 50th anniversary and is called Go-Zai-i gojūnen kinen (御在位50年記念). Emperor Hirohito (or Emperor Shōwa), celebrated his golden jubilee on 10 November 1976. Showa Memorial Park was established as part of a project to commemorate his golden jubilee.
The golden jubilee is a royal ceremony to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the accession of the king. The Thai word is kanchanaphisek (กาญจนาภิเษก). The first Golden Jubilee of Thailand was the celebration of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.
King Rama IX celebrated his golden jubilee on 9 June 1996, having acceded to the throne in 1946. He was Thailand's longest-reigning monarch.
The 545.65 carat Golden Jubilee Diamond was purchased by Thai businessmen as a gift for the king on the 50th anniversary of his coronation. The diamond is held in the Royal Palace as part of Thailand's crown jewels.
In 1996, Prime Minister Banharn Silpa-archa and the Thai people celebrated the king with a multi-day celebration.
The symbol of the golden jubilee of King Bhumibol Adulyadej was designed by Wiyada Charoensuk, winner of a design contest.
There are three elements to the design:
The Fine Arts Department wanted this design to:
In the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms, a golden jubilee celebration is held in the 50th year of a monarch's reign.
Main article: Golden Jubilee of King George III
The golden jubilee of King George III was celebrated on 25 October 1809, prior to the actual 50th anniversary in 1810.
Main article: Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria
In 1887 the United Kingdom and the British Empire celebrated Queen Victoria's golden jubilee. Victoria marked 20 June 1887—the fiftieth anniversary of her accession—with a banquet, to which fifty European kings and princes were invited. Although she could not have been aware of it, there was a plan by Irish Republicans to blow up Westminster Abbey while the Queen attended a service of thanksgiving. This assassination attempt, when it was discovered, became known as the Jubilee Plot. At the time, Victoria was an extremely popular monarch.
Main article: Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II celebrated her golden jubilee in 2002, having ascended the throne in 1952.
|Monarch||Realm||Accession Day||Commemoration||More information|
|George III||United Kingdom||25 October 1760||1809||Golden Jubilee of George III|
|Victoria||United Kingdom and the rest of the British Empire||20 June 1837||1887||Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria|
|Franz Joseph I||Austro-Hungary||2 December 1848||1898|
|Johann II||Liechtenstein||12 November 1858||1908|
|Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar||Johor||7 September 1895||1945|
|Aga Khan III||Shia Ismaili||1885||1935|
|Sobhuza II||Swaziland||10 December 1899||1949|
|Haakon VII||Norway||8 November 1905||1955|
|Hirohito||Japan||25 December 1926||1976|
|Franz Joseph II||Liechtenstein||25 July 1938||1988|
|Bhumibol Adulyadej||Thailand||9 June 1946||1996|
|Rainier III||Monaco||9 May 1949||1999|
|Elizabeth II||United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and 12 other Commonwealth realms||6 February 1952||2002||Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II|
|Karim Aga Khan||Shia Ismaili||11 July 1957||2007|
|Abdul Halim||Kedah, Malaysia||15 July 1958||2008|
|Hassanal Bolkiah||Brunei||5 October 1967||2017||50th Anniversary Celebrations of Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah's Accession to the Throne of Brunei|
|Margrethe II||Denmark||14 January 1972||2022||Golden Jubilee of Margrethe II|
|Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III||Sharjah (United Arab Emirates)||25 January 1972||2022|