Gorakhpur Nuclear Power Plant
Map
Location of Gorakhpur Nuclear Power Plant in Haryana
Official nameGorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana
CountryIndia
LocationGorakhpur village, Fatehabad district, Haryana
Coordinates29°26′29″N 75°37′56″E / 29.44139°N 75.63222°E / 29.44139; 75.63222Coordinates: 29°26′29″N 75°37′56″E / 29.44139°N 75.63222°E / 29.44139; 75.63222
StatusUnder Construction
Construction beganUnit 1 & 2: January 2018
Commission dateUnit 1 & 2: 2028(Planned)
Construction cost20,594 crore (equivalent to 280 billion or US$3.50 billion in 2020)
Owner(s)NPCIL
Operator(s)NPCIL
Nuclear power station
Reactor typeIPHWR-700
Reactor supplierNPCIL/BARC
Cooling sourceBhakra Main Line Canal (via Nangal hydel Channel from Bhakra Nangal Dam)
Power generation
Units planned2 x 700 MW
Units under const.2 x 700 MW
External links
CommonsRelated media on Commons
The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh addressing at the foundation stone laying ceremony of the Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana (Nuclear Power Project), in Fatehabad, Haryana on January 13, 2014. The Governor of Haryana, Shri Jagannath Pahadia, the Chief Minister of Haryana, Shri Bhupinder Singh Hooda and the Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment, Kumari Selja are also seen.
The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh addressing at the foundation stone laying ceremony of the Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana (Nuclear Power Project), in Fatehabad, Haryana on January 13, 2014. The Governor of Haryana, Shri Jagannath Pahadia, the Chief Minister of Haryana, Shri Bhupinder Singh Hooda and the Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment, Kumari Selja are also seen.

The Gorakhpur Nuclear Power Plant or the Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana (GHAVP) is a proposed nuclear power plant to be built on a 560 hectares (1,400 acres) area west of Gorakhpur village of Fatehabad district of Haryana.[1][2]

The foundation stone of the 2800 megawatt nuclear power plant was laid on 13 January 2014 by Shri MANMOHAN SINGH (Prime Minister of India). The first phase of the project will have an installed capacity of 1400 MW and was expected to be completed by 2025,[3] however the deadline has been now extended to 2028.[4] The construction of second phase will gather pace afterwards, which will double the capacity to 2800 MW.

History

One year after laying the foundation stone, there was no reactor construction activity. NPCIL carried out only certain pre-project activities on the land. There were problems with the Environment Court at Kurukshetra and over the possession of 28 acres, as owners of the land refused to accept compensation and to vacate the land. Officials said that the government was suffering a financial loss of Rs 7 to 8 crore per day for the delay of the project.[5]

On May 27, 2015, a police force evicted farmers living on a piece of land acquired by the NPCIL. Houses were razed, crops destroyed, and the farmers belongings and cattle carted away. In 2012, NPCIL acquired over 1,503 acres (608 ha) of land in Gorakhpur, Kajal Heri and Badopal for the setting up of nuclear power plant. The corporation had taken possession of the major part of land, but farmers owning 28 acres had refused the compensation and were not vacating the land.[6]

In March 2016, still only preparatory activities were made.[7] By 2018, NPCIL had started the procurement activities for this project, as BHEL secured the order for supply of steam generators to this project.[8]


As of April 2022, the foundation piles have been completed for units 1 and 2, while the excavation work for other structures such as cooling towers are in progress. Only pre-project activities had been carried out for units 3 and 4.[4]

Design and specification

The proposed 700 MW IPHWR-700 pressurized heavy water reactors are indigenous and similar to the ones currently under construction in Kakrapar Atomic Power Station (KAPP-3 &4) and Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPP-7 & 8). Also, the reactor size and the design features of 700 MW are similar to that of 540 MWe of Tarapur Atomic Power Station 3 & 4 Units, except that partial boiling of the coolant is up to about 3% (nominal) at the coolant channel exit has been allowed.[1]

Cost and economics

Being built by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India, the project is estimated to cost 20,594 crore (equivalent to 280 billion or US$3.50 billion in 2020) as of January 2014.[1]

Units

Unit Type Gross MW Construction start Operation start Notes
Phase I
GHAVP-1 IPHWR-700 700 January 2018 2028 (planned) [9]
GHAVP-2 IPHWR-700 700 January 2018 2028 (planned) [9]
Phase II
GHAVP-3 IPHWR-700 700 2024 (planned) [9]
GHAVP-4 IPHWR-700 700 2024 (planned) [9]

Updates

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan sigh Lays Foundation Stone of 2800 MW Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana (Nuclear Power Project)". Press Information Bureau (Government of India). 13 January 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
  2. ^ "Gorakhpur nuclear power plant makes headway". Down To Earth. 20 September 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  3. ^ "Gorakhpur Atomic Power Plant". Press Information Bureau. 2 January 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Deadline for Phase I of Gorakhpur N-plant extended to 2028: Centre". The Tribune. 2 April 2022.
  5. ^ Year on, construction yet to begin on Gorakhpur N-plant. The Tribune Trust. 12 January 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  6. ^ Police evict farmers from land for nuclear plant. The Tribune Trust. 12 May 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  7. ^ A 1400 Mwe Nuclear Power Project Coming at Gorakhpur in Haryana. EnergyInfraPost. 10 March 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  8. ^ Market, Capital (12 March 2018). "Bhel secures order worth Rs 736 crore from NPCIL". Business Standard India.
  9. ^ a b c d "Indian regulator gives go-ahead for first concrete at Gorkakhpur". World Nuclear News. 27 November 2020.
  10. ^ "Godrej & Boyce gets Rs 468 cr order to supply generators for PHWR project". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 16 July 2021. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
  11. ^ "India's BHEL awarded steam generator contract for domestic PHWRs : Corporate - World Nuclear News". world-nuclear-news.org. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
  12. ^ "L&T arm flags off second end-shield for pressurized heavy water reactors to be set up at GHAVP in Haryana". Outlook (Magazine). Retrieved 16 August 2021.