|Gorakhpur Nuclear Power Plant|
|Official name||Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana|
|Location||Gorakhpur village, Fatehabad district, Haryana|
|Coordinates||29°26′29″N 75°37′56″E / 29.44139°N 75.63222°ECoordinates: 29°26′29″N 75°37′56″E / 29.44139°N 75.63222°E|
|Construction began||Unit 1 & 2: January 2018|
|Commission date||Unit 1 & 2: 2028(Planned)|
|Construction cost||₹20,594 crore (equivalent to ₹280 billion or US$3.50 billion in 2020)|
|Nuclear power station|
|Cooling source||Bhakra Main Line Canal (via Nangal hydel Channel from Bhakra Nangal Dam)|
|Units planned||2 x 700 MW|
|Units under const.||2 x 700 MW|
|Commons||Related media on Commons|
The Gorakhpur Nuclear Power Plant or the Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana (GHAVP) is a proposed nuclear power plant to be built on a 560 hectares (1,400 acres) area west of Gorakhpur village of Fatehabad district of Haryana.
The foundation stone of the 2800 megawatt nuclear power plant was laid on 13 January 2014 by Shri MANMOHAN SINGH (Prime Minister of India). The first phase of the project will have an installed capacity of 1400 MW and was expected to be completed by 2025, however the deadline has been now extended to 2028. The construction of second phase will gather pace afterwards, which will double the capacity to 2800 MW.
One year after laying the foundation stone, there was no reactor construction activity. NPCIL carried out only certain pre-project activities on the land. There were problems with the Environment Court at Kurukshetra and over the possession of 28 acres, as owners of the land refused to accept compensation and to vacate the land. Officials said that the government was suffering a financial loss of Rs 7 to 8 crore per day for the delay of the project.
On May 27, 2015, a police force evicted farmers living on a piece of land acquired by the NPCIL. Houses were razed, crops destroyed, and the farmers belongings and cattle carted away. In 2012, NPCIL acquired over 1,503 acres (608 ha) of land in Gorakhpur, Kajal Heri and Badopal for the setting up of nuclear power plant. The corporation had taken possession of the major part of land, but farmers owning 28 acres had refused the compensation and were not vacating the land.
In March 2016, still only preparatory activities were made. By 2018, NPCIL had started the procurement activities for this project, as BHEL secured the order for supply of steam generators to this project.
As of April 2022, the foundation piles have been completed for units 1 and 2, while the excavation work for other structures such as cooling towers are in progress. Only pre-project activities had been carried out for units 3 and 4.
The proposed 700 MW IPHWR-700 pressurized heavy water reactors are indigenous and similar to the ones currently under construction in Kakrapar Atomic Power Station (KAPP-3 &4) and Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPP-7 & 8). Also, the reactor size and the design features of 700 MW are similar to that of 540 MWe of Tarapur Atomic Power Station 3 & 4 Units, except that partial boiling of the coolant is up to about 3% (nominal) at the coolant channel exit has been allowed.
Being built by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India, the project is estimated to cost ₹20,594 crore (equivalent to ₹280 billion or US$3.50 billion in 2020) as of January 2014.
|Unit||Type||Gross MW||Construction start||Operation start||Notes|
|GHAVP-1||IPHWR-700||700||January 2018||2028 (planned)|||
|GHAVP-2||IPHWR-700||700||January 2018||2028 (planned)|||