Gothenburg, Nebraska
Pony Express station in Ehmen Park, Gothenburg
Pony Express station in Ehmen Park, Gothenburg
Location of Gothenburg, Nebraska
Location of Gothenburg, Nebraska
Coordinates: 40°55′54″N 100°9′34″W / 40.93167°N 100.15944°W / 40.93167; -100.15944Coordinates: 40°55′54″N 100°9′34″W / 40.93167°N 100.15944°W / 40.93167; -100.15944
CountryUnited States
StateNebraska
CountyDawson
Government
 • MayorJoyce Hudson
Area
 • Total3.68 sq mi (9.52 km2)
 • Land3.63 sq mi (9.41 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.12 km2)
Elevation
2,569 ft (783 m)
Population
 • Total3,574
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
3,448
 • Density949.34/sq mi (366.56/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
69138
Area code(s)308
FIPS code31-19385
GNIS feature ID0829595[4]
Websitehttp://www.ci.gothenburg.ne.us/

Gothenburg is a city in Dawson County, Nebraska, United States. It is part of the Lexington, Nebraska Micropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 3,574 at the 2010 census.

History

Gothenburg, Nebraska is named after Gothenburg, Sweden, and is noted for its large number of residents of Swedish descent. Gothenburg, Nebraska, and Gothenburg (Swedish: Göteborg), Sweden, are believed to be the only two cities named Gothenburg in the world.[5]

Gothenburg was founded in 1882 by Olof Bergstrom. After coming to America from Sweden in 1881, Bergstrom worked for a time on the Union Pacific Railroad, then homesteaded in Dawson County near Gothenburg. He eventually became a land agent for the UP. Bergstrom selected the site that was to become Gothenburg and located a farmstead about a mile north. The Union Pacific Railroad laid out the original town of eight blocks parallel to the railroad tracks. Bergstrom made several return trips to Sweden to lead groups of settlers to Dawson County.[6]

Geography

Gothenburg is located at 40°55′54″N 100°9′34″W / 40.93167°N 100.15944°W / 40.93167; -100.15944 (40.931560, -100.159381).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.64 square miles (9.43 km2), of which 3.59 square miles (9.30 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.[8]

Climate

Climate data for Gothenburg, Nebraska (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1894–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 77
(25)
79
(26)
92
(33)
101
(38)
103
(39)
110
(43)
116
(47)
109
(43)
107
(42)
104
(40)
85
(29)
76
(24)
116
(47)
Average high °F (°C) 38.8
(3.8)
42.2
(5.7)
54.1
(12.3)
62.9
(17.2)
72.4
(22.4)
82.9
(28.3)
87.6
(30.9)
85.2
(29.6)
78.2
(25.7)
64.8
(18.2)
51.2
(10.7)
40.3
(4.6)
63.4
(17.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 27.5
(−2.5)
30.3
(−0.9)
40.7
(4.8)
49.7
(9.8)
60.3
(15.7)
70.7
(21.5)
75.5
(24.2)
73.4
(23.0)
65.0
(18.3)
51.7
(10.9)
38.7
(3.7)
28.8
(−1.8)
51.0
(10.6)
Average low °F (°C) 16.1
(−8.8)
18.5
(−7.5)
27.4
(−2.6)
36.6
(2.6)
48.2
(9.0)
58.5
(14.7)
63.4
(17.4)
61.5
(16.4)
51.9
(11.1)
38.6
(3.7)
26.3
(−3.2)
17.3
(−8.2)
38.7
(3.7)
Record low °F (°C) −29
(−34)
−33
(−36)
−21
(−29)
−3
(−19)
18
(−8)
33
(1)
40
(4)
36
(2)
20
(−7)
2
(−17)
−14
(−26)
−30
(−34)
−33
(−36)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.38
(9.7)
0.64
(16)
1.10
(28)
2.70
(69)
4.11
(104)
3.68
(93)
3.37
(86)
3.29
(84)
1.72
(44)
1.86
(47)
0.72
(18)
0.56
(14)
24.13
(613)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 4.4 4.8 6.5 8.5 10.9 9.3 8.7 8.3 5.8 6.4 4.4 3.4 81.4
Source: NOAA[9][10]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890535
190081953.1%
19101,730111.2%
19201,7541.4%
19302,32232.4%
19402,3300.3%
19502,97727.8%
19603,0502.5%
19703,1583.5%
19803,47910.2%
19903,232−7.1%
20003,61912.0%
20103,574−1.2%
2019 (est.)3,448[3]−3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
2012 Estimate[12]

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 3,574 people in 1,494 households, including 974 families, in the city. The population density was 995.5 inhabitants per square mile (384.4/km2). There were 1,664 housing units at an average density of 463.5 per square mile (179.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.3% White, 0.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.8%.[2]

Of the 1,494 households 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.8% were non-families. 31.4% of households were one person and 16.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age was 40.4 years. 27.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.5% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 19.4% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

2000 census

At the 2000 census, there were 3,619 people in 1,457 households, including 989 families, in the city. The population density was 1,422.6 people per square mile (550.1/km2). There were 1,575 housing units at an average density of 619.1 per square mile (239.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.37% White, 0.44% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 1.22% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.62% of the population. 45.4% were of German, 11.0% Swedish, 10.9% Irish and 8.9% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

Of the 1,457 households 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 29.2% of households were one person and 15.9% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96.

The age distribution was 27.1% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.

The median household income was $35,990, and the median family income was $40,729. Males had a median income of $31,589 versus $20,162 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,034. About 6.1% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest

Ernest A. Calling House at 1514 Lake Avenue is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Ernest A. Calling House at 1514 Lake Avenue is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Carnegie Public Library at 1104 Lake Avenue is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Carnegie Public Library at 1104 Lake Avenue is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ Scandinavian Leadership. "Olof Bergstrom". Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  6. ^ Olof Bergstrom (Nebraska State Historical Society)[Usurped!]
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
  9. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  10. ^ "Station: Gothenburg, NE". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  11. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 18, 2013.
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
  13. ^ "Division Two: Stations Between Fort Kearney and Horseshoe Creek". NPS: Pony Express Historic Resource Study. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
  14. ^ "First State Bank Donates Half Million Dollars To Wellness Center Construction". KNOP News. 2016.
  15. ^ "YMCA to open doors in its smallest US town — Gothenburg". Kearney Hub. 2018.
  16. ^ "1st State Bank Locations". 1st.BANK. 2019.