Government of Tamil Nadu
Tamiḻnāṭu aracu
StateTamil Nadu
CountryIndia
Websitewww.tn.gov.in
Legislative branch
Assembly
SpeakerM. Appavu, DMK
Deputy SpeakerK. Pitchandi, DMK
Members in Assembly234
Meeting placeFort St. George
Executive branch
GovernorR. N. Ravi
Chief MinisterM. K. Stalin, DMK
Chief SecretaryShiv Das Meena, I.A.S.
HeadquartersChennai
Departments43
Judiciary branch
High CourtMadras High Court
Chief JusticeR. Mahadevan

The Government of Tamil Nadu (Tamil: Tamiḻnāṭu aracu; IPA: [t̪əmɪɻnɑːɖʉ əɾəsʉ])) is the administrative body responsible for the governance of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Chennai is the capital of the state and houses the state executive, legislature and head of judiciary.

Under the Constitution of India, de jure executive authority lies with the governor, although this authority is exercised only by, or on the advice of, the chief minister, the de facto authority and the cabinet. Following elections to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly.

Legislative assembly elections are held every five years to elect a new assembly, unless there is a successful vote of no confidence in the government or a two-thirds vote for a snap election in the assembly, in which case an election may be held sooner. The legislature of Tamil Nadu was bicameral until 1986, when it was replaced by a unicameral legislature. The judiciary branch is led by a High Court (Madras High Court) led by a Chief Justice.

Executive

Administrative officials
Title Name
Governor R. N. Ravi[1]
Chief minister M. K. Stalin[2]
Chief Justice S. V. Gangapurwala[3]

The Governor is the de jure constitutional head of state while the Chief Minister is the de facto chief executive. The governor is appointed by the President of India. Following elections to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[4] Chennai is the capital of the state and houses the state executive, legislative and head of judiciary.[5]

Council of Ministers

This section is transcluded from M. K. Stalin ministry. (edit | history)

Sr. No. Name Constituency Portfolio(s) Party Term of office
Took office Left office Duration
Chief Minister
1 M. K. Stalin Kolathur
  • Public
  • General Administration
  • Indian Administrative Service
  • Indian Police Service
  • Indian Forest Service,
  • Other All India Service,
  • District Revenue Officers
  • Police
  • Home
  • Planning
  • Special Initiatives
  • Welfare of Differently Abled Persons
7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
Cabinet Ministers
2 Durai Murugan Katpadi
  • Irrigation Projects
  • including Small Irrigation
  • Legislative Assembly
  • Governor and Ministry
  • Elections and Passports
  • Minerals And Mines
DMK 7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
3 K. N. Nehru Tiruchirappalli West
  • Municipal Administration
  • Urban
  • Water Supply
7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
4 I. Periyasamy Athoor
  • Rural Development
  • Panchayats and Panchayat Union
7 May 2021 Incumbent 1 year, 212 days
5 E. V. Velu Tiruvannamalai
  • Public Works (Buildings)
  • Highways and Minor Ports
7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
6 M. R. K. Panneerselvam Kurinjipadi
  • Agriculture
  • Agricultural Engineering
  • Agro Service Co-operatives
  • Horticulture
  • Sugarcane Excise
  • Sugarcane Development
  • Waste Land Development
7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
7 K. K. S. S. R. Ramachandran Aruppukottai
  • Revenue
  • District Revenue Establishment
  • Deputy Collectors
  • Disaster Management
7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
8 Thangam Thennarasu Tiruchuli
  • Finance
  • Planning
  • Human Resources Management
  • Pensions and Pensionary benefits
  • Statistics and Archaeology
11 May 2023 Incumbent 1 year, 63 days
  • Electricity
  • Non-Conventional Energy Development
16 June 2023 Incumbent 1 year, 27 days
9 Udhayanidhi Stalin Chepauk-Thiruvallikeni
  • Youth Welfare
  • Sports Development
  • Special Programme Implementation Department
  • Poverty Alleviation Programme
  • Rural Indebtedness
14 December 2022 Incumbent 1 year, 212 days
10 S. Regupathy Tirumayam
  • Law
  • Courts
  • Prisons
  • Prevention of Corruption
7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
11 S. Muthusamy Erode West
  • Housing, Rural Housing
  • Town Planning Projects
  • Housing Development
  • Accommodation Control
  • Urban Planning
  • Urban Development
11 May 2023 Incumbent 1 year, 63 days
  • Prohibition and Excise
  • Molasses
16 June 2023 Incumbent 1 year, 27 days
12 K. R. Periyakaruppan Tiruppattur
  • Co-operation
14 December 2022 Incumbent 1 year, 212 days
13 T. M. Anbarasan Alandur
  • Rural Industries including Cottage Industries
  • Small Industries
  • Tamil Nadu Urban Habitat Development Board
7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
14 M. P. Saminathan Kangayam
  • Tamil Official Language and Tamil Culture
  • Information & Publicity
  • Film Technology and Cinematograph Act
  • Newsprint Control
  • Stationery and Printing
  • Government Press
11 May 2023 Incumbent 1 year, 63 days
15 P. Geetha Jeevan Thoothukkudi
  • Social Welfare including Women and Children Welfare
  • Orphanages and Correctional Administration
  • Integrated Child Development Scheme and Beggar Homes and Social Reforms & Nutritious Meal Programme
7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
16 R. S. Raja Kannappan Mudukulathur
  • Backward Classes Welfare
  • Most Backward Classes Welfare
  • De-notified Communities Welfare
14 December 2022 Incumbent 1 year, 212 days
  • Khadi and Village Industries Board
22 March 2024 Incumbent 113 days
17 Anitha R. Radhakrishnan Tiruchendur
  • Fisheries
  • Fisheries Development Corporation
  • Animal Husbandry
7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
18 K. Ramachandran Coonoor
  • Tourism
  • Tourism Development Corporation]]
14 December 2022 Incumbent 1 year, 212 days
19 R. Sakkarapani Oddanchatram
  • Food and Civil Supplies
  • Consumer Protection
  • Price Control
7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
20 R. Gandhi Ranipet
  • Handlooms and Textile
  • Boodhan and Gramadhan
14 December 2022 Incumbent 1 year, 212 days
21 Ma. Subramanian Saidapet
  • Health
  • Medical Education
  • Family Welfare
7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
22 P. Moorthy Madurai East
  • Commercial Taxes
  • Registration and Stamp Act
  • Weights and Measures
  • Debt Relief including legislation on Money lending
  • Chits and Registration of Companies
7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
23 S. S. Sivasankar Kunnam
  • Transport
  • Nationalized Transport
  • Motor Vehicles Act
29 March 2022 Incumbent 2 years, 106 days
24 P. K. Sekar Babu Harbour Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments, CMDA 14 December 2022 Incumbent 1 year, 212 days
25 Palanivel Thiagarajan Madurai Central Information Technology & Digital Services 11 May 2023 Incumbent 1 year, 63 days
26 K. S. Masthan Gingee Minorities Welfare, Non-Resident Tamils, Refugees & Evacuees and Wakf Board 7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
27 Anbil Mahesh Poyyamozhi Thiruverumbur School Education 7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
28 Siva V. Meyyanathan Alangudi Environment and Pollution Control and Ex-Servicemen 14 December 2022 Incumbent 1 year, 212 days
29 C. V. Ganesan Tittakudi Labour Welfare, Population, Employment and Training, Census, Urban and Rural Employment 7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
30 Mano Thangaraj Padmanabhapuram Milk and Dairy Development 11 May 2023 Incumbent 1 year, 63 days
31 T.R.B.Rajaa Mannargudi Industries, Investment Promotions, Commerce, Airports and State Public Sectors . 11 May 2023 Incumbent 1 year, 63 days
32 M. Mathiventhan Rasipuram Forests 14 December 2022 Incumbent 1 year, 212 days
33 N. Kayalvizhi Dharapuram Adi Dravidar Welfare, Hill Tribes and Bonded Labour Welfare 7 May 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 67 days
34 K. Ponmudi Tirukkoyilur Minister for Higher Education 22 March 2024 Incumbent 113 days

Legislature

Fort St. George, the seat of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly (left) and Madras High Court, the highest judicial authority in Tamil Nadu

The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly consists of 234 members elected through democratic elections. The current seat of the assembly is at Fort St. George in Chennai. The first election to the assembly on the basis of universal adult suffrage was held in January 1952.[6] The legislature of Tamil Nadu was bicameral until 1986, when it was replaced by a unicameral legislature after the abolishment of Tamil Nadu Legislative Council.[7] Any bill passed by the legislature needs the assent of the governor before becoming an act.

Judiciary

The Madras High Court was established on 26 June 1862 and is the highest judicial authority of the state with control over all the civil and criminal courts in the state.[8] It is headed by a Chief Justice and R. Mahadevan is the current Chief Justice of the Madras High Court.[9][10] The court is based out of Chennai and has a bench at Madurai since 2004.[11]

Administrative divisions

Further information: Local government bodies in Tamil Nadu

As per the 2011 census, Tamil Nadu had a population of 7.21 crores and is the seventh most populous state in India.[12] It covers an area of 130,058 km2 (50,216 sq mi) and is the tenth largest Indian state by area. Tamil Nadu is divided into 38 districts, each of which is administered by a District Collector, who is an officer of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) appointed to the district by the Government of Tamil Nadu. For revenue administration, the districts are further subdivided into 87 revenue divisions administered by Revenue Divisional Officers (RDO) which comprise 310 taluks administered by Tahsildars.[13] The taluks are divided into 1349 revenue blocks called Firkas which consist of 17,680 revenue villages.[13] The local administration consists of 15 municipal corporations, 121 municipalities and 528 town panchayats in the urban and 385 panchayat unions and 12,618 village panchayats, administered by Village Administrative Officers (VAO).[14][13][15] Greater Chennai Corporation, established in 1688, is the second oldest in the world and Tamil Nadu was the first state to establish town panchayats as a new administrative unit.[16][14]

Departments

Main article: Tamil Nadu Government's Departments

The administration of the state government functions through various secretariat departments. Each department consists of secretary to the government, who is the official head of the department with the Chief secretary superintending control over the secretariat and staff. The departments have further sub-divisions which may govern various undertakings and boards. There are 43 departments of the state.[17]

Insignia

Further information: Emblem of Tamil Nadu

The state emblem was designed in 1949 and consists of the Lion Capital of Ashoka without the bell lotus foundation and flanked on either side by an Indian flag with an image of a Gopuram or Hindu temple tower on the background. Around the rim of the seal runs an inscription in Tamil script, one at the top தமிழ் நாடு அரசு ("Tamil Nadu Arasu" which translates to "Government of Tamil Nadu") and the other at the bottom வாய்மையே வெல்லும் ("Vaymaiye Vellum" which translates to "Truth Alone Triumphs" also commonly known as "Satyameva Jayate" in Sanskrit).[18]

Symbols of Tamil Nadu[19][20]
Animal Bird Butterfly Tree Fruit Flower
Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius) Emerald dove (Chalcophaps indica) Tamil Yeoman (Cirrochroa thais) Palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer) Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) Glory lily (Gloriosa superba)

See also

References

  1. ^ "R. N. Ravi is new Governor of Tamil Nadu". The Times of India. 11 September 2021. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  2. ^ "MK Stalin sworn in as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu". The Hindu. 7 May 2021. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Justice SV Gangapurwala sworn in as Chief Justice of Madras HC". The News Minute. 28 May 2023. Archived from the original on 28 May 2023. Retrieved 28 May 2023.
  4. ^ Durga Das Basu (1960). Introduction to the Constitution of India. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa. p. 241-245. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9.
  5. ^ "Tamil Nadu". Britannica. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  6. ^ "1952 Election" (PDF). Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  7. ^ "The State Legislature–Origin and Evolution". Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 1 February 2023.
  8. ^ "History of Madras High Court". Madras High Court. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  9. ^ "Justice R. Mahadevan to be Acting Chief Justice of Madras High Court from Friday". The Hindu. 22 May 2024. Retrieved 25 May 2024.
  10. ^ "Madras High Court - Profile of Chief Justice". Madras High Court. Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  11. ^ "History of Madras High Court, Madurai bench". Madras High Court. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  12. ^ Population and decadal change by residence (PDF) (Report). Government of India. p. 2. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  13. ^ a b c "Government units, Tamil Nadu". Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  14. ^ a b "Local Government". Government of India. p. 1. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  15. ^ Statistical year book of India (PDF) (Report). Government of India. p. 1. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  16. ^ "Town panchayats". Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  17. ^ "List of Departments". Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  18. ^ "Which Tamil Nadu temple is the state emblem?". Times of India. 7 November 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  19. ^ "State Symbols of India". Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Government of India. Retrieved 30 August 2023.
  20. ^ "Symbols of Tamil Nadu". Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 12 August 2023.