Government of West Bengal
পশ্চিমবঙ্গ সরকার
Emblem of West Bengal.svg
Seat of GovernmentNabanna, Howrah
Websitehttps://wb.gov.in/
Legislative branch
Assembly
SpeakerBiman Banerjee (AITC)
Deputy SpeakerAsish Banerjee (AITC)
Members in Assembly294
Executive branch
GovernorC. V. Ananda Bose
Chief MinisterMamata Banerjee[1] (AITC)
Chief SecretaryHari Krishna Dwivedi, IAS
Judiciary
High CourtCalcutta High Court
Chief JusticeJustice Prakash Shrivastava

The Government of West Bengal also known as the West Bengal Government, is the governing authority of the Indian state of West Bengal , created by the National Constitution as the state's legislative, executive and judicial authority.[2] The State Governor acts as the head of state and is the highest nominal authority of the state power, however, it is the Chief Minister who is the chief executive authority and head of government.

The Chief Minister is the head of government and is vested with most of the executive powers. Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal, houses the West Bengal Legislative Assembly. The temporary secretariat is located in the Nabanna building in the district of Howrah, adjacent to the state capital. The Calcutta High Court is located in Kolkata, which has jurisdiction over the whole of West Bengal and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

The present Legislative Assembly of West Bengal is unicameral, consisting of 294 Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA)[3] including one nominated from the Anglo-Indian community. Its term is 5 years, unless sooner dissolved.

The current chief minister is Mamata Banerjee, who assumed the office on 20 May 2011. She is the founder and leader of the All India Trinamool Congress party, which won 184 seats (out of 294) in the 2011 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, 211 seats (out of 294) in the 2016 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election and 215 seats (out of 294) in the 2021 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election.

Head Leaders

House Leader Portrait Since
Constitutional Posts
Governor of West Bengal C. V. Ananda Bose
C. V. Ananda Bose.jpg
23 November 2022
Chief Minister of West Bengal Mamata Banerjee
Ms. Mamata Banerjee, in Kolkata on July 17, 2018 (cropped) (cropped).JPG
20 May 2011
Speaker of the House West Bengal Legislative Assembly Biman Banerjee
Biman Banerjee.jpg
30 May 2011
Deputy Speaker of the House West Bengal Legislative Assembly Asish Banerjee
Dr. Asish Banerjee.jpg
02 July 2021
Leader of the House West Bengal Legislative Assembly Mamata Banerjee
Ms. Mamata Banerjee, in Kolkata on July 17, 2018 (cropped) (cropped).JPG
05 May 2021
Deputy Leader of the House West Bengal Legislative Assembly Sovandeb Chattopadhyay 28 July 2022
Leader of the Opposition West Bengal Legislative Assembly Suvendu Adhikari
Suvendu Adhikari (cropped).jpg
10 May 2021
Deputy Leader of the Opposition West Bengal Legislative Assembly Mihir Goswami 10 May 2021
Chief Justice Of Calcutta High Court Prakash Shrivastava 11 October 2021
Chief Secretary of West Bengal Hari Krishna Dwivedi 1 June 2021

History

On 18 January 1862, under the Indian Councils Act of 1861, a 12-member Legislative Council for Bengal was founded by the Governor-General of India with the Lt Governor of Bengal and some nominated members. The strength of this council was gradually increased by subsequent acts. Under the Indian Councils Act of 1892, the maximum strength of the council was increased to 20 members out of which seven members were to be elected. After the Indian Councils Act of 1909, the number raised to 50 members.[3]

Organization

Council of Ministers

  1. ^ The current government running is Third Mamata Banerjee ministry since 10 May 2021.
S.No Name[citation needed] Portrait Constituency Assumed office[citation needed] Department Party
1. Mamata Banerjee
(Chief Minister)
Ms. Mamata Banerjee, in Kolkata on July 17, 2018 (cropped) (cropped).JPG
Bhabanipur 5 May 2021
  • Home & Hill Affairs
  • Planning
  • Statistics Program Implementation
  • Personnel & Administration
  • Health and Family Welfare
  • Land and Land Reforms
  • Refugee and Rehabilitation
  • Information & Cultural Affairs
  • Department of Planning, Statistics & Programme Monitoring
AITC
Cabinet Ministers
2. Jyotipriya Mallick Habra 10 May 2021
  • Forest
  • Non-Conventional and Renewable Energy Sources
AITC
3. Bankim Chandra Hazra Sagar 10 May 2021
  • Sundarban Affairs
AITC
4. Manas Bhunia
Manas Ranjan Bhunia - Kolkata 2012-01-21 8509.JPG
Sabang 10 May 2021
  • Water Resources Investigation and Development

& Department of Environment

AITC
5. Snehasis Chakraborty Jangipara 10 May 2021
  • Transport
AITC
6. Moloy Ghatak Asansol Uttar 10 May 2021
  • Law, Judicial
  • Department of Labour
AITC
7. Aroop Biswas
AROOP BISWAS .jpg
Tollygunge 10 May 2021
  • Power
  • Youth Affairs and Sports
  • Department of Housing
AITC
8. Ujjal Biswas Krishnanagar Dakshin 10 May 2021
  • Department of science and technology and bio-technology
AITC
9. Arup Roy
Arup Roy - Howrah 2013-04-28 6724.JPG
Howrah Madhya 10 May 2021
  • Co-operatives
AITC
10. Rathin Ghosh Madhyamgram 10 May 2021
  • Food and Supplies
AITC
11. Firhad Hakim
Firhad Hakim.jpg
Kolkata Port 10 May 2021
  • Urban Development & Municipal Affairs
AITC
12. Chandranath Sinha Bolpur 10 May 2021
  • Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
  • Textiles
AITC
13. Sovandeb Chattopadhyay Khardaha (Resigned as MLA from Bhabanipur on 21 May 2021) 10 May 2021
  • Agriculture and parliamentary affair
AITC
14. Bratya Basu
Bratya Basu, 5th International Theatre Festival, Kolkata, 2016.jpg
Dum Dum 10 May 2021
  • School and Higher Education
AITC
15. Pulak Roy Uluberia Dakshin 10 May 2021
  • Public Health Engineering
  • Department of Public works Development
AITC
16. Shashi Panja Shyampukur 10 May 2021
  • Women and Child Development and Social Welfare
  • Department of Industry, Commerce and Enterprises
  • Department of Public Enterprises and Indrustrial Reconstruction
AITC
17. Md. Ghulam Rabbani
Md Ghulam Rabbani.jpg
Goalpokhar 10 May 2021
  • Minority Affairs and Madrasah Education
AITC
18. Biplab Mitra Harirampur 10 May 2021
  • Department of consumer affairs
AITC
19. Javed Ahmed Khan Kasba 10 May 2021
  • Disaster Management and Civil Defence
AITC
20. Swapan Debnath Purbasthali Dakshin 10 May 2021
  • Animal Resources Development
AITC
21. Siddiqullah Chowdhury
Md. Siddiqullah Choudhury, Minister in charge of the Govt. of West Bengal 01.jpg
Manteswar 10 May 2021
  • Mass Education Extension and Library Services
AITC
Ministers Of State (Independent Charge)
22. Becharam Manna
Becharam Manna. Ex Minister. West Bengal.jpg
Singur 10 May 2021
  • Minister of state , Department of agricultural marketing (I/C)
  • Panchayats Raj and Rural Development
AITC
23. Subrata Saha Sagardighi 10 May 2021
  • Food Processing Industries and Horticulture
AITC
24. Humayun Kabir Debra 10 May 2021
  • Technical Education, Training and Skill Development
AITC
25. Akhil Giri Ramnagar 10 May 2021
  • Minister of state, Correctional administration(I/C)
AITC
26. Chandrima Bhattacharya Dum Dum Uttar 10 May 2021
  • Finance
  • MoS in Health and Family Welfare
  • MoS in Land & Land Reforms
  • MoS in Refugee and Rehabilitiation
AITC
27. Ratna De (Nag) Pandua 10 May 2021
  • Environment
  • Science and Technology and Bio-Technology
AITC
28. Sandhya Rani Tudu
Sandhya Rani Tudu.jpg
Manbazar 10 May 2021
  • Paschimanchal Unnayan Affairs
  • MoS in Parliament Affairs
AITC
29. Bulu Chik Baraik Mal 10 May 2021
  • Backward Classes Welfare
  • Tribal Development
AITC
30. Sujit Bose Bidhannagar 10 May 2021
  • Fire and Emergency Services
AITC
31. Indranil Sen Chandannagar 10 May 2021
  • Minister of state, technical education, training and skill development (I/C)
  • Information and Cultural Affairs
AITC
Ministers Of State
32. Dilip Mondal Bishnupur 10 May 2021
  • Transport
AITC
33. Akhruzzaman Raghunathganj 10 May 2021
  • Power
AITC
34. Seuli Saha Keshpur 10 May 2021
  • Panchayet and Rural Development
AITC
35. Srikanta Mahata Salboni 10 May 2021
  • Department of consumer affairs
AITC
36. Sabina Yeasmin
Sabina Yasmin.jpg
Mothabari 10 May 2021
  • Irrigation and Waterways
  • North Bengal Development
AITC
37. Birbaha Hansda Jhargram 10 May 2021
  • Department of self-help group and self-employment(i/c) an department of forests
AITC
38. Jyotsna Mandi Ranibandh 10 May 2021
  • Food and Supplies
AITC
39. Paresh Chandra Adhikary Mekliganj 10 May 2021
  • School and Higher Education
AITC
40. Manoj Tiwary
Manoj Tiwary.jpg
Shibpur 10 May 2021
  • Youth Affairs and Sports
AITC

References

Citations

  1. ^ "West Bengal Assembly". West Bengal Government. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  2. ^ "West Bengal (state)". Indian Government. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  3. ^ a b "The Parliament of West Bengal, India". cpahq.org. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  4. ^ "List of Current Ministers in Mamata's second cabinet". wb.gov.in.
  5. ^ "Ministers of West Bengal". EduKare Online. 6 May 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)

Sources