Government of West Bengal
পশ্চিমবঙ্গ সরকার
Emblem of West Bengal.svg
Seat of GovernmentKolkata
Legislative branch
Assembly
SpeakerBiman Banerjee
Deputy SpeakerDr. Asish Banerjee
Members in Assembly294
Executive branch
GovernorJagdeep Dhankhar[1]
Chief MinisterMamata Banerjee
Chief SecretaryHari Krishna Dwivedi, IAS
Judiciary
High CourtCalcutta High Court
Chief JusticeJustice Prakash Shrivastava

The Government of West Bengal also known as the State Government of West Bengal, or locally as State Government, is the governing authority of the Indian state of West Bengal , created by the National Constitution as the state's legislative, executive and judicial authority.[2] The State Governor acts as the head of state and is the highest nominal authority of the state power, however, it is the Chief Minister who is the chief executive authority and head of government.

The Chief Minister is the head of government and is vested with most of the executive powers. Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal, houses the West Bengal Legislative Assembly. The temporary secretariat is located in the Nabanna building in the district of Howrah, adjacent to the state capital. The Calcutta High Court is located in Kolkata, which has jurisdiction over the whole of West Bengal and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

The present Legislative Assembly of West Bengal is unicameral, consisting of 294 Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA)[3] including one nominated from the Anglo-Indian community. Its term is 5 years, unless sooner dissolved.

The current chief minister is Mamata Banerjee, who assumed the office on 20 May 2011. She is the founder and leader of the All India Trinamool Congress party, which won 184 seats (out of 294) in the 2011 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, 211 seats (out of 294) in the 2016 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election and 215 seats (out of 294) in the 2021 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election.

Head Leaders

House Leader Portrait Since
Constitutional Posts
Governor of West Bengal Jagdeep Dhankhar
Governor Jagdeep Dhankhar.jpg
30 July 2019
Chief Minister of West Bengal Mamata Banerjee
Ms. Mamata Banerjee, in Kolkata on July 17, 2018 (cropped) (cropped).JPG
20 May 2011
Speaker of the House West Bengal Legislative Assembly Biman Banerjee 30 May 2011
Deputy Speaker of the House West Bengal Legislative Assembly Asish Banerjee
Dr. Asish Banerjee.jpg
02 July 2021
Leader of the House West Bengal Legislative Assembly Mamata Banerjee
Ms. Mamata Banerjee, in Kolkata on July 17, 2018 (cropped) (cropped).JPG
05 May 2021
Deputy Leader of the House West Bengal Legislative Assembly Partha Chatterjee
Partha chatterjee.jpg
10 May 2021
Leader of the Opposition West Bengal Legislative Assembly Suvendu Adhikari
Suvendu Adhikari (cropped).jpg
10 May 2021
Deputy Leader of the Opposition West Bengal Legislative Assembly Mihir Goswami 10 May 2021
Chief Justice Of Calcutta High Court Prakash Shrivastava 11 October 2021
Chief Secretary of West Bengal Hari Krishna Dwivedi NA

History

On 18 January 1862, under the Indian Councils Act of 1861, a 12-member Legislative Council for Bengal was founded by the Governor-General of India with the Lt Governor of Bengal and some nominated members. The strength of this council was gradually increased by subsequent acts. Under the Indian Councils Act of 1892, the maximum strength of the council was increased to 20 members out of which seven members were to be elected. After the Indian Councils Act of 1909, the number raised to 50 members.[3]

Organization

Council of Ministers

  1. ^ The current government running is Third Mamata Banerjee ministry since 10 May 2021.
S.No Name[citation needed] Portrait Constituency Assumed office[citation needed] Department Party
1. Mamata Banerjee
(Chief Minister)
Ms. Mamata Banerjee, in Kolkata on July 17, 2018 (cropped) (cropped).JPG
Bhabanipur 5 May 2021
  • Home & Hill Affairs
  • Planning
  • Statistics Program Implementation
  • Personnel & Administration
  • Health and Family Welfare
  • Land and Land Reforms
  • Refugee and Rehabilitation
  • Information & Cultural Affairs
  • North Bengal Development
AITC
Cabinet Ministers
2. Partha Chatterjee
Partha chatterjee.jpg
Behala Paschim 10 May 2021
  • Industry, Commerce and Enterprise
  • Information Technology and Electronics
  • Parliamentary Affairs
  • Public Enterprises and Industrial Reconstruction
AITC
3. Jyotipriya Mallick Habra 10 May 2021
  • Forest
  • Non-Conventional and Renewable Energy Sources
AITC
4. Bankim Chandra Hazra Sagar 10 May 2021
  • Sundarban Affairs
AITC
5. Manas Bhunia
Manas Ranjan Bhunia - Kolkata 2012-01-21 8509.JPG
Sabang 10 May 2021
  • Water Resources Investigation and Development
  • Consumer Affairs
AITC
6. Somen Mahapatra Tamluk 10 May 2021
  • Irrigation and Waterways
AITC
7. Moloy Ghatak Asansol Uttar 10 May 2021
  • Law, Judicial
  • Public Works
AITC
8. Aroop Biswas
AROOP BISWAS .jpg
Tollygunge 10 May 2021
  • Power
  • Youth Affairs and Sports
AITC
9. Ujjal Biswas Krishnanagar Dakshin 10 May 2021
  • Correctional Administration
AITC
10. Arup Roy
Arup Roy - Howrah 2013-04-28 6724.JPG
Howrah Madhya 10 May 2021
  • Co-operatives
AITC
11. Rathin Ghosh Madhyamgram 10 May 2021
  • Food and Supplies
AITC
12. Firhad Hakim
Firhad Hakim.jpg
Kolkata Port 10 May 2021
  • Urban Development & Municipal Affairs
  • Transport
  • Housing
AITC
13. Chandranath Sinha Bolpur 10 May 2021
  • Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
  • Textiles
AITC
14. Sovandeb Chattopadhyay Khardaha (Resigned as MLA from Bhabanipur on 21 May 2021) 10 May 2021
  • Agriculture
AITC
15. Bratya Basu
Bratya Basu, 5th International Theatre Festival, Kolkata, 2016.jpg
Dum Dum 10 May 2021
  • School and Higher Education
AITC
16. Pulak Roy Uluberia Dakshin 10 May 2021
  • Public Health Engineering
  • Panchayat Raj and Rural Development
AITC
17. Shashi Panja Shyampukur 10 May 2021
  • Women and Child Development and Social Welfare
  • Self Help Group and Self Employment
AITC
18. Md. Ghulam Rabbani
Md Ghulam Rabbani.jpg
Goalpokhar 10 May 2021
  • Minority Affairs and Madrasah Education
AITC
19. Biplab Mitra Harirampur 10 May 2021
  • Agricultural Marketing
AITC
20. Javed Ahmed Khan Kasba 10 May 2021
  • Disaster Management and Civil Defence
AITC
21. Swapan Debnath Purbasthali Dakshin 10 May 2021
  • Animal Resources Development
AITC
22. Siddiqullah Chowdhury
Md. Siddiqullah Choudhury, Minister in charge of the Govt. of West Bengal 01.jpg
Manteswar 10 May 2021
  • Mass Education Extension and Library Services
AITC
Ministers Of State (Independent Charge)
23. Becharam Manna
Becharam Manna. Ex Minister. West Bengal.jpg
Singur 10 May 2021
  • Labour
  • MoS in Panchayat Raj and Rural Development
AITC
24. Subrata Saha Sagardighi 10 May 2021
  • Food Processing Industries and Horticulture
AITC
25. Humayun Kabir Debra 10 May 2021
  • Technical Education, Training and Skill Development
AITC
26. Akhil Giri Ramnagar 10 May 2021
  • Fisheries
AITC
27. Chandrima Bhattacharya Dum Dum Uttar 10 May 2021
  • Finance
  • MoS in Health and Family Welfare
  • MoS in Land & Land Reforms
  • MoS in Refugee and Rehabilitiation
AITC
28. Ratna De (Nag) Pandua 10 May 2021
  • Environment
  • Science and Technology and Bio-Technology
AITC
29. Sandhya Rani Tudu
Sandhya Rani Tudu.jpg
Manbazar 10 May 2021
  • Paschimanchal Unnayan Affairs
  • MoS in Parliament Affairs
AITC
30. Bulu Chik Baraik Mal 10 May 2021
  • Backward Classes Welfare
  • Tribal Development
AITC
31. Sujit Bose Bidhannagar 10 May 2021
  • Fire and Emergency Services
AITC
32. Indranil Sen Chandannagar 10 May 2021
  • Tourism
  • MoS in Information and Cultural Affairs
AITC
Ministers Of State
33. Dilip Mondal Bishnupur 10 May 2021
  • Transport
AITC
34. Akhruzzaman Raghunathganj 10 May 2021
  • Power
AITC
35. Seuli Saha Keshpur 10 May 2021
  • Panchayet and Rural Development
AITC
36. Srikanta Mahata Salboni 10 May 2021
  • Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises and Textiles
AITC
37. Sabina Yeasmin
Sabina Yasmin.jpg
Mothabari 10 May 2021
  • Irrigation and Waterways
  • North Bengal Development
AITC
38. Birbaha Hansda
বীরবাহা হাঁসদা.jpg
Jhargram 10 May 2021
  • Forests
AITC
39. Jyotsna Mandi Ranibandh 10 May 2021
  • Food and Supplies
AITC
40. Paresh Chandra Adhikary Mekliganj 10 May 2021
  • School and Higher Education
AITC
41. Manoj Tiwary
Manoj Tiwary.jpg
Shibpur 10 May 2021
  • Youth Affairs and Sports
AITC

References

Citations

  1. ^ "West Bengal Assembly". West Bengal Government. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  2. ^ "West Bengal (state)". Indian Government. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  3. ^ a b "The Parliament of West Bengal, India". cpahq.org. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  4. ^ "List of Current Ministers in Mamata's second cabinet". wb.gov.in.
  5. ^ "Ministers of West Bengal". EduKare Online. 6 May 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)

Sources