Govia Thameslink Railway
GoviaThameslinkRailway.png
700019 Shepreth Branch Junc 210619.jpg
A Thameslink Class 700 at Shepreth Branch Junction, south of Cambridge in 2019
Overview
Franchise(s)
Main region(s)
  • South East England
  • Greater London
  • East Anglia
Stations operated238
Parent company
Reporting markGN, GX, SN, TL
Other
Websitewww.govia.info

Govia Thameslink Railway (GTR) is a train operating company that operates the Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern (TSGN) rail franchise in England. Within the franchise, GTR runs the Thameslink, Great Northern, Southern and Gatwick Express airport services.[2] GTR is a subsidiary of Govia, which is itself a joint venture between the British Go-Ahead Group (65%) and French company Keolis (35%).

The franchise was awarded, after repeated delays, to Govia Thameslink Railway on 23 May 2014. On 14 September 2014, GTR took over operations for the prior franchisee First Capital Connect; at the commencement of operations, it served 122 stations and operated a fleet of 226 trains. During December 2014, GTR received full control of the Sevenoaks Thameslink service, but the separate Thameslink and Great Northern brands remained active regardless. During July 2015, both Southern and Gatwick Express operations were integrated into GTR; this change made it the largest rail franchise in terms of passengers, staff and fleet in the UK.[3] The franchise has an unusual structure involving a management contract that sees all fare revenues going straight to the Department for Transport (DfT), which in turn pays GTR fixed amounts that add up to £8.9 billion across its first seven years of operation.

To operate the new Thameslink routes, a large fleet of 115 eight- and twelve-car Class 700 electric multiple units were procured via a £1.6 billion contract to the Cross London Trains Ltd consortium; this deal was controversial due to the manufacturer Siemens having little presence in the UK while rival bids would have used local production facilities. Additional trains, including 29 Class 387s and 25 Class 717s, were also introduced by GTR. In terms of infrastructure, Govia planned to invest £50 million into the 239 stations it manages to improve accessibility, replace information systems, and increase staffing hours, alongside general redevelopment work. Various measures at increasing capacity and improving service were also planned, such as the doubling of overnight Thameslink services, half-hourly King's Lynn to London services, and extending the Oyster card network.

As early as June 2016, GTR was facing public criticism from officials over its performance, including calls from the Mayor of London Sadiq Khan for it to be stripped of the franchise. In May 2018, the company introduced a new timetable which included the first regular services through the Canal Tunnels and to other new destinations previously not served by Thameslink; however, an interim timetable that ran less trains had to be adopted due to frequent service issues. By mid-2020, GTR had considerably curtailed its services in response to the significant decline of passenger travel amid the COVID-19 pandemic. GTR was one of several train operators that experienced severe disruption of services due to the 2022 United Kingdom railway strike.

History

Background

During 2006, the Thameslink and Great Northern services were merged into a single franchise due to the upcoming Thameslink Programme. In 2012, the British government announced that services of First Capital Connect, Southern (with Gatwick Express) and some Southeastern routes would be merged into a single Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern franchise (TSGN).[4] The Invitation to Tender was to have been issued in October 2012, with the successful bidder announced during Spring 2013 and TSGN originally due to start in September 2013. However, following the collapse of the InterCity West Coast re-franchising process, it was decided to enact a temporary freeze on all franchising competitions until January 2013.[5]

In January 2013, the government announced that it would extend the existing contract through to March 2014, and that it intended to negotiate with FirstGroup to operate the franchise under a management contract for up to two years.[6] In March 2013, the Secretary of State for Transport announced that the franchise would be extended again to run up to 13 September 2014, and that the future franchise would be a management-style contract due to the level of investment and change on the route.[7] During September 2013, a revised invitation to tender was issued.[8] On 23 May 2014, it was announced that Govia Thameslink Railway had been awarded the franchise.[9][10][11]

On 14 September 2014, Govia Thameslink Railway (GTR) took over services from First Capital Connect; at the commencement of operations, it served 122 stations and operated a fleet of 226 trains.[12] During December 2014, full control was taken of the Sevenoaks Thameslink service (this service was previously jointly operated with Southeastern). The separate Thameslink and Great Northern were maintained upon the GTR takeover. During July 2015, both Southern and Gatwick Express became a part of GTR, making it the largest rail franchise in terms of passengers, staff and fleet in the UK.[3][13]

The franchise has an unusual structure: it is a management contract where fare income does not go to GTR. Under their original contract, the Department for Transport pays GTR £8.9 billion over the first seven-year period and receives all revenue.[2] Consequently, the company carries less revenue risk. This form of franchise was chosen because of long-term engineering works anticipated around London, which would be a significant challenge to organise within the normal form of franchise.[14][15]

Changes and disruptions

During December 2015, GTR announced that the majority of its ticket prices would be frozen, and that the average fare rise for the coming year would be only 0.8%.[16]

In June 2016, amongst criticism of the performance of its services, Go-Ahead warned of lower than anticipated profits on the franchises, leading to 18% drop in the Go-Ahead share price. Passengers had previously rated its Thameslink service as the worst in the country. Only 20% of Southern trains arrived on time in the year from April 2015 to March 2016, and there was an ongoing industrial dispute over driver-only operated trains.[17][18][19] On 12 July 2016, after 15% of Southern services were cancelled for a period of weeks to improve service reliability, Mayor of London Sadiq Khan called for GTR to be stripped of the franchise.[20] On 15 July 2016, citing the issues, Rail Minister Claire Perry resigned from her position.[21]

By mid-2020, GTR had considerably curtailed its services in response to the significant decline of passenger travel amid the COVID-19 pandemic.[22][23] From 15 June 2020, both passengers and staff on public transport in England, including GTR services, were required to wear face coverings while travelling, and that anyone failing to do so would be liable to be refused travel or fined.[24][25]

GTR was one of several train operators impacted by the 2022 United Kingdom railway strike, which was the first national rail strike in the UK for three decades.[26] Its workers were amongst those who voted in favour of taking industrial action due to a dispute over pay and working conditions.[27] GTR was only capable of operating a very minimalist timetable on any of the planned dates for the strikes due to the number of staff involved.[28][29]

Thameslink and Great Northern services

Main articles: Thameslink and Great Northern Route

Govia Thameslink Railway has operated Thameslink and Great Northern services since 14 September 2014. Thameslink is a 68-station main-line route running 225 km (140 mi) north to south through London from Bedford to Brighton, serving both London Gatwick Airport and London Luton Airport, with a suburban loop serving Sutton, Mitcham and Wimbledon and on weekdays a suburban line via Catford and Bromley South to Sevenoaks. Great Northern is the name of the suburban rail services run on the southern end of Britain's East Coast Main Line and associated branches. Services operate to or from London King's Cross and London Moorgate. Destinations include Hertford North, Welwyn Garden City, Stevenage, Peterborough, Cambridge and King's Lynn.

In May 2018, the company introduced a new timetable which included the first regular services through the Canal Tunnels and to other new destinations previously not served by Thameslink. However, due to frequent disruption of services on the whole network, Govia decided to create a new interim timetable with a reduced number of trains; this came into operation in July 2018.[30]

Thameslink service pattern

Off-peak

The published Thameslink off-peak service pattern as of September 2022, with frequencies in trains per hour (tph), includes:

Route tph Calling at
Letchworth Garden City to London King's Cross 1 [31]
Cambridge to London King's Cross 1 [31]
Cambridge to Brighton 2 [31][32]
Peterborough to Horsham via Redhill 2 [31][33]
Bedford to Brighton 2 [34][32]
Bedford to Gatwick Airport via Redhill 2
  • Flitwick
  • Harlington
  • Leagrave
  • Luton
  • Luton Airport Parkway
  • Harpenden
  • St Albans City
  • St Pancras International
  • Farringdon
  • City Thameslink
  • London Blackfriars
  • London Bridge
  • Norwood Junction
  • East Croydon
  • Purley
  • Redhill
  • Earlswood
  • Salfords
  • Horley
[34][35]
Luton (or West Hampstead Thameslink) to Rainham via Greenwich 2 [34][36]
St Albans City to Sutton via Wimbledon (loop) 2 [34][37]
  • Services then continue to/from St Albans City via Carshalton (see below)
St Albans City to Sutton via Mitcham Junction (loop) 2
  • Radlett
  • Elstree & Borehamwood
  • Mill Hill Broadway
  • Hendon
  • Cricklewood
  • West Hampstead Thameslink
  • Kentish Town
  • St Pancras International
  • Farringdon
  • City Thameslink
  • London Blackfriars
  • Elephant & Castle
  • Loughborough Junction
  • Herne Hill
  • Tulse Hill
  • Streatham
  • Mitcham Eastfields
  • Mitcham Junction
  • Hackbridge
  • Carshalton
[34][37]
  • Services then continue to/from St Albans City via Wimbledon (see above)
London Blackfriars to Sevenoaks via Catford and Otford 2 [38]

Peak hours

During peak hours, the 1tph Letchworth Garden City to London King's Cross service (from the table above) is extended to/from Cambridge, with extra calls at Baldock, Ashwell & Morden, Royston, Meldreth, Shepreth and Foxton, thereby creating a 2tph Cambridge to London King's Cross (and return) stopping service during these hours only.[31]

Also during peak hours, the 2tph London Blackfriars to Sevenoaks service (from the table above) is extended through the 'core tunnel' to/from Welwyn Garden City (though a few services originate at Finsbury Park), with extra calls at City Thameslink, Farringdon, St Pancras International, Finsbury Park, New Southgate, Oakleigh Park, New Barnet, Potters Bar and Hatfield.[38][39]

As well as these services, during peak hours, several trains in each direction (approximately 2tph) run to/from Orpington (originating/terminating at either London Blackfriars, Luton, West Hampstead Thameslink or Kentish Town), all calling at Petts Wood in lieu of stations from St Mary Cray to Bat & Ball.[38]

In addition, some very limited services run: In each direction there are 2 trains per day that operate to/from East Grinstead (originating/terminating at either Bedford, Leagrave, West Hampstead Thameslink or St Pancras International)[40] and in each direction there is 1 train per day to operate to/from Littlehampton (originating/terminating at Bedford).[41]


Great Northern service pattern

Since the introduction of regular services through the Canal Tunnels during May 2018, many GTR services on the East Coast Main Line were rebranded from Great Northern to Thameslink. Most of these services have been extended through central London and incorporated into the Thameslink network (as per above), although as of October 2019 some services are yet to be extended. The only services to retain the Great Northern brand (which will not become part of Thameslink) are those on the Northern City line and the express services to/from Cambridge, Ely and King's Lynn, as well as Peterborough at peak times.[42]


The Great Northern off-peak service pattern, with frequencies in trains per hour (tph), consists of the following:[43][44]

Route tph Calling at
London King's Cross to Ely 1
London King's Cross to King's Lynn 1
London Moorgate to Welwyn Garden City 2
London Moorgate to Stevenage via Hertford North 2


Southern and Gatwick Express services

Southern Class 377 at Watford Junction

Main articles: Southern (Govia Thameslink Railway) and Gatwick Express

The Southern and Gatwick Express brands joined Govia Thameslink Railway on 26 July 2015. Southern routes run from London Victoria and London Bridge through the South London suburbs of Battersea, Norbury, Peckham, Sydenham, Crystal Palace, Norwood, Croydon, Streatham, Purley and Sutton to towns surrounding London including Caterham, Epsom and Tadworth. Further afield, Southern also serve Redhill, Tonbridge, Uckfield, East Grinstead, Gatwick Airport, Brighton, Ashford (Kent), Worthing, Hastings, Portsmouth, Eastbourne, Horsham, Southampton, Littlehampton and Bognor Regis. Additionally, Southern run West London route services from Milton Keynes to South Croydon via Watford and Clapham Junction. Since 2008, Southern has operated the Gatwick Express service from London Victoria to Gatwick Airport and Brighton.[45]

Gatwick Express

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Gatwick Express services were suspended from 30 March 2020 until 3 April 2022.[46][47]


Route tph Calling at
London VictoriaBrighton 2 Gatwick Airport[48]


Southern

Details of each route, including maps and timetables, are on Southern's website (see External links below). As of September 2022, the off-peak Monday-Saturday service pattern, with frequencies in 'trains per hour' (tph), consists of:[49]

Brighton Mainline
Route tph Calling at
London VictoriaLittlehampton 1
London Victoria – Eastbourne 1
  • This route does not run Sundays.
London Victoria – Ore 1
Arun Valley
Route tph Calling at
London Victoria – Southampton Central via Crawley 1
London Victoria – Portsmouth & Southsea via Crawley 1
  • Clapham Junction, East Croydon, Gatwick Airport, Three Bridges, Crawley, Horsham, Barnham, Chichester, Havant, Fratton
London Victoria – Bognor Regis via Crawley 2
Coastway East
Route tph Calling at
Brighton – Lewes 2
Brighton – Seaford 2
Brighton – Hastings 1
  • London Road (Brighton), Moulsecoomb, Falmer, Lewes, Glynde, Berwick, Polegate, Hampden Park, Eastbourne,[a] Hampden Park, Pevensey & Westham, Cooden Beach, Collington, Bexhill, St Leonards Warrior Square
Eastbourne – Ashford International 1
  • Three Oaks and Winchelsea are served by alternate trains.
Coastway West
Route tph Calling at
Brighton – Hove 2 Shuttle service
Brighton – Southampton Central 1
Brighton – Portsmouth Harbour 1
Littlehampton – Portsmouth & Southsea 1
Littlehampton – Bognor Regis 1
  • Ford, Barnham
Barnham – Bognor Regis 1 Shuttle service
Oxted
Route tph Calling at
London Victoria – East Grinstead 1
London BridgeUckfield 1
Redhill
Route tph Calling at
London Victoria – Reigate 2
Redhill – Tonbridge 1
West London
Route tph Calling at
Watford Junction – East Croydon 1
Portsmouth line (London to Horsham)
Route tph Calling at
London Victoria – Dorking via Carshalton 1
London Victoria – Horsham via Carshalton 1
London Victoria – Epsom Downs via Norbury 2
London Bridge – Epsom 2
  • Norwood Junction, West Croydon, Waddon, Wallington, Carshalton Beeches, Sutton, Cheam, Ewell East
Caterham and Tattenham Corner lines
Route tph Calling at
London Bridge – Caterham 2
London Bridge – Tattenham Corner 2
  • This route splits/merges with the route to Caterham, see above.
London via Crystal Palace
Route tph Calling at
London Victoria – West Croydon via Crystal Palace 2
  • Does not run on evenings.
London Victoria – London Bridge 2
London via Tulse Hill
Route tph Calling at
London Bridge – East Croydon via Tulse Hill 2
London Bridge – Beckenham Junction via Tulse Hill 2
  • South Bermondsey, Queens Road Peckham, Peckham Rye, East Dulwich, North Dulwich, Tulse Hill, West Norwood, Gipsy Hill, Crystal Palace, Birkbeck


Franchise commitments

An example of widescale upgrade works at Harpenden station including the extension of platforms for 12 carriage trains, a new footbridge with lifts, new waiting rooms, brighter lighting, new ticket gates and automatic passenger information screens
An example of widescale upgrade works at Harpenden station including the extension of platforms for 12 carriage trains, a new footbridge with lifts, new waiting rooms, brighter lighting, new ticket gates and automatic passenger information screens

This franchise is different from many other franchises let since the start of railway privatisation in 1996. Under the agreed terms of the franchise, the operator, in this case Govia, gives all revenue to the government, rather than paying set premiums. The Department for Transport will pay Govia, totalling around £8.9 billion over the franchise period of seven years, from the expected revenues of £12.4 billion. From these payments, Govia expects to generate a 3% profit, and the risks on operating costs will be Govia's, while the DfT will profit or lose from fluctuations in revenue.[50]

Prior to the start of the franchise, Govia stated its plans to invest £50 million in all 239 stations that it would manage. The specifics of these plans include:[51]

Govia also stated its intention to bring about the following:[52]

Rolling stock

Interior of a Thameslink Class 700
Interior of a Thameslink Class 700
Interior of a Great Northern Class 387 having been moved over from the Thameslink brand with a Southern interior.
Interior of a Great Northern Class 387 having been moved over from the Thameslink brand with a Southern interior.

During 2011, the consortium Cross London Trains Ltd., consisting of Siemens Project Ventures, 3i Infrastructure plc, and Innisfree Ltd, was announced as preferred bidder to manufacture and maintain the rolling stock that will be run on the Thameslink routes from 2016. The selection of Siemens to produce the rolling stock was a politically controversial decision as the competing bidder Bombardier Transportation had a train factory in the UK.[57] Both the procurement process and final close of contract were significantly delayed, resulting in the expected first delivery date for the trains, which are designated Class 700, being pushed back from 2012 to 2016. In mid-2013, the £1.6 billion contract to manufacture and provide service depots for the trains was finalised.[58] A fleet of 115 eight- and twelve-car trains is expected to enter service between 2016 and 2018. A new-build rolling stock depot was completed at Three Bridges in 2015,[59] and Hornsey depot was extended northwards and had several new buildings added in 2016.[60]

As a consequence of the delayed procurement of the Class 700 trains, 29 Class 387 trains were ordered for the Thameslink route, releasing the Class 319 trains to newly electrified routes. During 2014, deliveries were completed and the trains entered service later that year. The order includes provision for an extra 140 vehicles.[8][61] It was originally planned that once the Class 700s began entering service, the Class 387s would be transferred to Great Western Railway for use on routes in the Thames Valley.[62] However, a change of plans saw GWR order an entirely new fleet of Class 387s, so the Thameslink units were instead cascaded to the Great Northern route following delivery of the Class 700s.[63][64]

In addition to the introduction of the new Class 700 units, GTR also ordered a further 25 new six-car trains to replace 40-year-old Class 313 units,[50] which were being run on the Great Northern suburban services out of Moorgate. During December 2015, Siemens was selected to provide these as a follow-on to the Class 700 order.[65][66] They were designated as the Class 717 in June 2016, and were first introduced in September 2018.[67][68]

Current fleet

Family Class Image Type Top speed Cars Number Routes operated Built
mph km/h
Southern
Bombardier Turbostar

171

British Rail Class 171 171722.jpg
DMU 100 161 2 11 Oxted line (London Bridge - Uckfield)
East Coastway line (Eastbourne - Hastings)
Marshlink line (Hastings - Ashford Int'l)
2003–2004
4 6

Southern Class 171-4-8.png

BREL 1972

313

313214 at Seaford (27925383045).jpg
EMU 75 120 3 19 West Coastway line (Brighton / Littlehampton / Barnham - Hove / West Worthing / Bognor Regis / Portsmouth Harbour / Portsmouth & SS)
East Coastway line (Brighton - Lewes)
Seaford branch line (Lewes - Seaford)
1976–1977

Bombardier Electrostar

377

British Rail Class 377 377164.jpg
EMU 100 160 3 28 Entire Southern network apart from Oxted line (Hurst Green - Uckfield) & Marshlink line (Ore - Ashford Int'l) sections 2001–2005
4 152
5 34 2012–2014




387/2
387204 Gatwick Airport.jpg
EMU 110 177 4 4[69] TBA 2016–2017
Gatwick Express Class 387-2.png
Gatwick Express
Bombardier Electrostar

387/2

Gatwick Express 387210 , Clapham Junction 24.3.18.jpg
EMU 110 177 4 18 Gatwick Express services between London Victoria & Gatwick Airport / Brighton 2015–2016
Great Northern
Bombardier Electrostar 387/1
387110 and 387 number 107 Bedford to Beckenham Junction 1H66 - 19724523645.jpg
EMU 110 177 4 29 Great Northern express services between London King's Cross & Peterborough / Ely / King's Lynn 2014–2015
387/2
387204 Gatwick Airport.jpg
EMU 110 177 4 1[69] Great Northern semi-fast services between London King's Cross & Peterborough / Ely 2016–2017
387/3
Thatcham - c2c 387306 approaching from Newbury.JPG
EMU 110 177 4 6[69] Great Northern semi-fast services between London King's Cross & Peterborough / Ely 2016
C2c Class 387-3.png
Siemens Desiro

717 Desiro City[68]

717 020 Great Northern.jpg
EMU 85 137 6 25 Northern City Line services between London Moorgate & Welwyn Garden City / Hertford North / Stevenage 2018
Great Northern Class 717.png
Thameslink
Siemens Desiro 700/0 & 700/1 Desiro City
700044 London Blackfriars to Sevenoaks 9Y51.jpg

700155 Trainbow south of Balcombe.jpg
EMU 100 161 8 60 All Thameslink services 2015–2018
12 55
Thameslink Class 700-0.png

Thameslink Class 700-1.png

Past fleet

Former units operated by Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern include:

Class Image Type Top speed Carriages Number Built Routes Withdrawn
mph km/h
365 Networker Express
Class 365 Networker Express in Great Northern livery by Hugh Llewelyn.jpg
EMU 100 161 4 40 1994-95 Express services between London King's Cross and Peterborough / Ely / King's Lynn 2018–2021
Great Northern Class 365.png
313
Ready to depart, the 12.54 to Moorgate from Hitchin. - panoramio.jpg
EMU 75 121 3 44 1976–1977 Northern City Line 2019
313 First Capital Connect and Great Northern.png
319
319373 and 319 number 438 to Sevenoaks 2E45 by Train Photos.jpg
EMU 100 161 4 86
  • 1987–1988
  • 1990
All Thameslink services 2015–2017
Class 319 Thameslink Diagram.png
321
Dame Alice Owen
EMU 100 161 4 13 1989–1990 Express services between London King's Cross to Peterborough and Cambridge 2016
377 Electrostar
377501 and 377 number 515 Blackfriars to Grove Park CSD 5Y63 (16436025811).jpg
26 2008–2009 Some Thameslink services 2017
Class 377 First Capital Connect Diagram.PNG
455
455826 and 455 number to Beckenham Junction.jpg
EMU 75 120 4 46[70] 1982–1984 Metro and commuter services from London Victoria & London Bridge 2022
Class 455 Southern Diagram.png
171
British Rail Class 171 171722.jpg
DMU 100 161 3 3[71] 2003-2004 Oxted line (London Bridge - Uckfield)
East Coastway line (Eastbourne - Hastings)
Marshlink line (Hastings - Ashford Int'l)
2022
Southern Class 171-2-7.png
Southern Class 171-4-8.png

Performance

Govia and Thameslink passenger numbers 2010–11 to 2018–19 Q4, annual rolling average[72][73]
Govia and Thameslink passenger numbers 2010–11 to 2018–19 Q4, annual rolling average[72][73]

In February 2015, Thameslink and Great Northern came at the bottom of Which? magazine's Best and worst UK train companies customer survey, scoring a customer satisfaction score of 43%. Thameslink and Great Northern were also scored 2/5 stars in each of the specific categories covered by the survey (including Reliability, Punctuality and Cleanliness of toilets) – which is the worst performance of any UK train operator. In the Which? 2017 survey, Thameslink and Great Northern improved their performance slightly with a rating of 46% also, their position in the table was second to bottom[74](Southern were in bottom place, but had been subject huge disruption due to industrial action).

Passenger numbers on Govia Thameslink Railway (which also includes Southern and Gatwick Express) have risen from 262 million annually in 2010–11 to 327 million annually in 2015–16.[73]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Trains reverse here

References

  1. ^ "National Rail Contract awarded to Govia Thameslink Railway". Go Ahead News. Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  2. ^ a b Topham, Gwyn (23 May 2014). "FirstGroup loses Thameslink franchise to Go-Ahead joint venture". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  3. ^ a b McEwan, Fergus (24 July 2015). "Ambitious plans to improve Southern rail network under new franchise". getsurrey.co.uk.
  4. ^ "Consultation on the combined Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern franchise". Department for Transport. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  5. ^ "Expanding and improving the rail network". Department for Transport. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  6. ^ "Rail franchising future programme". Department for Transport. 31 January 2013.
  7. ^ "Railway plan puts new focus on passengers". Secretary of State for Transport statement. 26 March 2013.
  8. ^ a b "Thameslink Southern & Great Northern Invitation to Tender" (PDF). Department for Transport. 26 September 2013.
  9. ^ "Govia chosen for new Thameslink contract". Railnews. 23 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
  10. ^ "Govia wins TSGN franchise, beating FirstGroup". Rail Technology. 23 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
  11. ^ "New rail franchising deal set to transform passenger services across London and south east". Department for Transport (DfT). 23 May 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  12. ^ "Govia wins Thameslink rail franchise". BBC News Online. 23 May 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  13. ^ Montgomery, Angus (17 December 2014). "Britain's biggest rail franchise rolls out new identity". designweek.co.uk.
  14. ^ James, Ben (18 June 2016). "Fines issued to rail provider GTR for poor performance slammed". The Argus. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  15. ^ Usborne, Simon (8 July 2016). "All aboard the Southern chaos train: the commuters caught in a war on rails". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  16. ^ "GTR freezes thousands of fares and caps season tickets to rate of inflation". mynewsdesk.com. 4 December 2015.
  17. ^ "Thameslink woes hit Go-Ahead shares". BBC News. 14 June 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  18. ^ Richard, Craig (17 June 2016). "Boss of Epsom's main train operator Govia Thameslink Railway takes home £2.1m paycheck despite "appalling service"". Your Local Guardian. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  19. ^ Watts, Joseph (17 June 2016). "Govia Thameslink Railway boss refuses to defend CEO £2m pay". Evening Standard. London. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  20. ^ Topham, Gwyn; Weaver, Matthew (12 July 2016). "Take Southern rail franchise off operator, urges Sadiq Khan". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  21. ^ "Rail minister Claire Perry resigns". BBC News. 15 July 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  22. ^ "Coronavirus: Rail franchise agreements suspended to avoid company collapses". Sky News. 23 March 2020. Archived from the original on 27 May 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  23. ^ Osborne, Samuel (27 December 2021). "COVID-19: Christmas travel disruption as Omicron hits rail and airline staffing". news.sky.com.
  24. ^ "Transport Secretary's statement on coronavirus (COVID-19): 4 June 2020". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 23 June 2020. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  25. ^ Paton, Graeme. "Coronavirus: facemask plans mired in confusion". The Times. Archived from the original on 21 June 2020. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  26. ^ "Rail strike: RMT union votes for national action". BBC News. 24 May 2022. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  27. ^ Macola, Ilaria Grasso (7 July 2022). "Govia Thameslink workers vote in favour of strike". cityam.com.
  28. ^ Powling, Joshua (24 June 2022). "Rail strikes in Sussex: Southern, Thameslink and Southeastern services running on Friday, June 24". getsurrey.co.uk.
  29. ^ "The dates of the train, Tube and bus strikes this week, and how services will be affected". inews.co.uk. 20 June 2022. Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  30. ^ "Thameslink: Train Timetables". thameslinkrailway.com. June 2018.
  31. ^ a b c d e "A: King's Lynn, Ely, Cambridge, Peterborough and Stevenage to London, Gatwick Airport, Horsham and Brighton". Thameslink. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  32. ^ a b "Q: London, Croydon and Gatwick Airport to Haywards Heath and Brighton". timetables.thameslinkrailway.com. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  33. ^ "P: London, Croydon and Gatwick Airport to Crawley and Horsham". timetables.thameslinkrailway.com. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  34. ^ a b c d e "C: Bedford, Luton and St Albans to London, Sutton, Medway Towns, Gatwick Airport and the South Coast". timetables.thameslinkrailway.com. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  35. ^ "O: London and Croydon to Redhill, Reigate, Tonbridge, Gatwick Airport and Three Bridges". timetables.thameslinkrailway.com. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  36. ^ "F: The Medway Towns, Gravesend, Dartford and Woolwich to London and Luton".
  37. ^ a b "H: Sutton and Wimbledon to London via Streatham and Tulse Hill".
  38. ^ a b c "E: Sevenoaks, Swanley, Orpington, Bromley South and Catford to London".
  39. ^ "B: Stevenage, Hertford North, Enfield Chase, Welwyn Garden City, Hatfield and Potters Bar to London".
  40. ^ "N: London and Croydon to Oxted, East Grinstead and Uckfield".
  41. ^ "S: London, Croydon, Gatwick Airport and Brighton to Hove, Worthing and Littlehampton".
  42. ^ "Train Routes". greatnorthernrail.com. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  43. ^ Table 24 National Rail timetable, May 2020
  44. ^ Table 25 National Rail timetable, May 2020
  45. ^ "Our History". Gatwick Express. Retrieved 21 February 2010.[permanent dead link]
  46. ^ "Temporary suspension of Gatwick Express". Gatwick Express. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  47. ^ "Gatwick Express to resume non-stop services from next month". railadvent.co.uk. March 2022.
  48. ^ Table 184 National Rail timetable, May 2020
  49. ^ Table 170 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (via Selhurst)
    Table 171 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (via Gipsy Hill)
    Table 172 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (Sutton and Epsom Downs services)
    Table 173 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (via Peckham Rye)
    Table 176 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (West London Line services)
    Table 177 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (via Sydenham)
    Table 180 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (Epsom, Dorking and Horsham services)
    Table 181 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (Tattenham Corner and Caterham services)
    Table 182 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (via Oxted)
    Table 183 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (Redhill services)
    Table 184 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (Brighton Main Line services)
    Table 186 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (Arundel Line and via Chichester)
    Table 188 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (West Coastway Line via Worthing)
    Table 189 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (Lewes and Seaford services)
    Table 190 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (Eastbourne and Ore services)
    Table 192 National Rail timetable, May 2022 (Marshlink Line services)
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Media related to Govia Thameslink Railway at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded byFirst Capital ConnectThameslink and Great Northern franchise Operator of Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern franchise 2014/2015 – 2025 Incumbent Preceded bySouthernSouth Central franchise