Place of originGeorgia
Main ingredientsNuts (usually walnuts), honey

Gozinaki (Georgian: გოზინაყი gozinaq’i, pronounced [ɡɔzinɑqʼi]) is a traditional Georgian confection made of caramelized nuts, usually walnuts, and fried in honey.[1] In the western Georgian provinces of Imereti and Racha, it was sometimes called "churchkhela", a name more commonly applied to walnuts sewn onto a string, dipped in thickened white grape juice and dried[citation needed]. In several of Georgia's rural areas, both walnuts and honey used to have sacral associations. According to a long-established tradition, Gozinaki is served at special occasions, and is a mandatory component of New Year's Eve/Christmas celebrations.[2]

Industrial-grade "kozinak"

Various condiments made with caramel-like products and seeds or nuts, covered with salt or sugarcoat, would be "kozinak" as well, according to the Russian definition.[3] The most common "kozinak" in Russia is made with peeled sunflower seeds and molasses. Sometimes, a sesame seed candy, similar to gozinak in consistency, would be a "kozinak" as well ("kozinak s kunzhutom")[4]

In Russian language, the "kozinak" spelling is preferred to the "gozinak(i)" ones. The latter, for instance, is similar to "Goznak", the currency printer, by spelling.

See also


  1. ^ "Gozinaki – Most favorite Georgian candy". GeorgianJournal. Georgian Journal. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  2. ^ Roufs, Timothy; Roufs, Kathleen (29 July 2014). Sweet Treats Around the World. ABC-CLIO. p. 140. ISBN 9781610692212.
  3. ^ "ВОСТО́ЧНЫЕ СЛА́ДОСТИ". p. 766-767. Archived from the original on 2020-10-10.
  4. ^ https://33recepta.ru/deserty/kozinaki-iz-kunzhuta/ Kozinaki iz kunzhuta (literally "g/kozinaki made of sesame seed").

Further reading