Grady County
Grady County Courthouse
Map of Georgia highlighting Grady County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 30°53′N 84°14′W / 30.88°N 84.23°W / 30.88; -84.23
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedAugust 17, 1905; 117 years ago (1905)
Named forHenry W. Grady
SeatCairo
Largest cityCairo
Area
 • Total460 sq mi (1,200 km2)
 • Land455 sq mi (1,180 km2)
 • Water5.7 sq mi (15 km2)  1.2%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
24,748
 • Density55/sq mi (21/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.gradycountyga.gov

Grady County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,011.[1] The county seat is Cairo.[2]

History

Grady County was created by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on August 17, 1905, from portions of Decatur and Thomas Counties.

The county is named for Henry W. Grady, editor of the Atlanta Constitution and noted orator.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 460 square miles (1,200 km2), of which 455 square miles (1,180 km2) is land and 5.7 square miles (15 km2) (1.2%) is water.[4]

The bulk of Grady County, centered on Cairo, is located on the Upper Ochlockonee River sub-basin of the larger Ochlockonee River basin. The county's northwestern corner is located in the Lower Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). Grady County's western border, from Whigham south, and all of its southern border, is located in the Lower Ochlockonee River sub-basin of the same Ochlockonee River basin. Finally, a very small chunk of the county's southeastern portion, bisected by U.S. Route 319, is located in the Apalachee Bay-St. Marks sub-basin of the Ochlockonee River basin.[5]

Grady County includes part of the Red Hills Region.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
191018,457
192020,30610.0%
193019,200−5.4%
194019,6542.4%
195018,928−3.7%
196018,015−4.8%
197017,826−1.0%
198019,84511.3%
199020,2792.2%
200023,65916.7%
201025,0115.7%
2018 (est.)24,748[6]−1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 23,659 people, 8,797 households, and 6,509 families living in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km2). There were 9,991 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 64.61% White, 30.15% Black or African American, 0.92% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.20% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. 5.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,797 households, out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 16.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.00% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.30% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 90.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,656, and the median income for a family was $34,253. Males had a median income of $27,181 versus $20,128 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,278. About 16.70% of families and 21.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.90% of those under age 18 and 19.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,011 people, 9,418 households, and 6,730 families living in the county.[11] The population density was 55.0 inhabitants per square mile (21.2/km2). There were 10,760 housing units at an average density of 23.7 per square mile (9.2/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 62.8% white, 28.7% black or African American, 0.7% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 5.7% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 10.0% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 16.1% were American, 9.2% were English, and 8.6% were Irish.[13]

Of the 9,418 households, 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.5% were non-families, and 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.10. The median age was 37.8 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $32,247 and the median income for a family was $39,159. Males had a median income of $32,396 versus $28,917 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,785. About 22.0% of families and 25.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.5% of those under age 18 and 18.7% of those age 65 or over.[14]

2020 census

Grady County Racial Composition[15]
Race Num. Perc.
White 14,715 56.09%
Black or African American 7,285 27.77%
Native American 89 0.34%
Asian 110 0.42%
Pacific Islander 6 0.02%
Other/Mixed 758 2.89%
Hispanic or Latino 3,273 12.48%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 26,236 people, 9,136 households, and 6,320 families residing in the county.

Education

Grady County Schools operates public schools.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Politics

United States presidential election results for Grady County, Georgia[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 7,034 65.70% 3,619 33.80% 54 0.50%
2016 6,053 65.70% 3,013 32.70% 147 1.60%
2012 5,924 62.93% 3,419 36.32% 70 0.74%
2008 5,775 61.63% 3,539 37.77% 57 0.61%
2004 5,068 61.80% 3,092 37.70% 41 0.50%
2000 3,894 58.09% 2,721 40.59% 88 1.31%
1996 2,674 43.23% 2,862 46.27% 649 10.49%
1992 2,370 39.28% 2,520 41.77% 1143 18.95%
1988 2,989 61.10% 1,883 38.49% 20 0.41%
1984 3,886 63.22% 2,261 36.78% 0 0.00%
1980 2,018 39.44% 3,023 59.08% 76 1.49%
1976 1,209 24.34% 3,758 75.66% 0 0.00%
1972 3,732 81.02% 874 18.98% 0 0.00%
1968 561 9.67% 1425 24.56% 3,817 65.78%
1964 2,983 61.25% 1,887 38.75% 0 0.00%
1960 592 18.90% 2,541 81.10% 0 0.00%
1956 496 15.53% 2,697 84.47% 0 0.00%
1952 643 18.77% 2,782 81.23% 0 0.00%
1948 244 11.19% 1,516 69.54% 420 19.27%
1944 223 11.84% 1,661 88.16% 0 0.00%
1940 224 13.20% 1,461 86.09% 12 0.71%
1936 163 8.91% 1,659 90.71% 7 0.38%
1932 60 2.66% 2,184 96.89% 10 0.44%
1928 439 27.25% 1,172 72.75% 0 0.00%
1924 100 6.35% 1,449 92.06% 25 1.59%
1920 232 20.73% 887 79.27% 0 0.00%
1916 84 10.53% 675 84.59% 39 4.89%
1912 8 1.66% 452 93.97% 21 4.37%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 96. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  15. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 9, 2021.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 22, 2017.

Coordinates: 30°53′N 84°14′W / 30.88°N 84.23°W / 30.88; -84.23