Traditional units of measurement used in modern Greece

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Traditional **Greek units of measurement** were standardized and used in modern Greece before and alongside the adoption of the metric system in 1836. Metric units were finally made legally compulsory in 1922.^{[1]}^{[2]}

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Units used before the metric system

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Length

One *piki* varied from 0.640 m to 0.670 m.^{[1]}

1 *pic* was equal to 1 piki.^{[1]}^{[2]}

The *small piki* of Constantinople (also known as the *endeze*) was equal to 0.648 m^{[1]}^{[2]}^{[3]}

The *large piki* of Constantinople (also known as the *arsin*) was equal to 0.669 m^{[1]}^{[2]}^{[3]}

A masonry *piki* (also known as the *meimar zire*) was equal to 0.750 m.^{[1]}^{[2]}^{[3]}

Two types of *piki* were used to measure cloth. The measurement for silks was equal to 25 inches, and for linen and woolens it was equal to 27 inches.^{[4]} The *piki* was sometimes regarded as equal to a metre and a kilometre was called a *stadion*.^{[4]}

The metre was introduced in a royal decree of 1836, and was originally subdivided in 10 *palms*, 100 *digits* and 1000 *lines*.^{[3]}

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Mass

Units used to measure mass were:^{[1]}

1 *dramme* = 3.2 g

1 *livre* (also known as a pound^{[2]}) (Venetian) = 450 g

1 *mina* = 1.5 kg

1 *royal mine* 1.5 kg

1 *oka* = 0.85331 royal mine = 1.280 kg^{[1]}^{[2]}^{[3]} =

1 *stater* = 56.32 kg

1 *talanton* = 150 kg.

One *cantaro* was equal to 44 *oke*, but the value varied from 112 to 128 lb depending on locality.^{[4]}^{[3]} One *tseki* was 176 *oka* in Istanbul and 136 *oka* in Thessaloniki.^{[3]}

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Area

One *stremma* was equal to 1000 m^{2}. The hectare varied from 900 - 2500 m^{2} depending on region.^{[3]}

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Capacity

Units used to measure capacity include:^{[1]}^{[2]}

1 *oka* = 1.333 to 1.340 litres

1 *baril* = 74.236 litres.

A *staro* was equal to 3 *bachels*, and was also equal to 2.54835 bushels.^{[4]}