Greens
Verdi–Grüne–Vërc
SpokespersonsFelix Wohlgemuth
Marlene Pernstich
Founded1978
Headquartersvia Bottai / Bindergasse 5
39100 Bolzano
NewspaperCactus
Youth wingYoung Greens South Tyrol
IdeologyGreen politics
Eco-socialism
Social democracy
Regionalism
Political positionCentre-left to left-wing
National affiliationGreens (1990–2013)
SA (2008 election)
SL (2009 EP election)
SEL (2013 election)
AET (2014 EP election)
SI (2015–2018)
LeU (2018 election)
EV (2019 EP election)
European affiliationEuropean Green Party
International affiliationGlobal Greens
European Parliament groupGreen Group (1989–1995)
Greens–EFA (1999–2009)
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 630
Senate
0 / 315
European Parliament
0 / 73
Provincial Council
3 / 35
Website
www.verdi.bz.it

The Greens (VerdiGrüneVërc) are a green[1] and regionalist[1] political party (with eco-socialist[2] and self-proclaimed social-democratic[3] tendencies) active in South Tyrol, northern Italy. Once the provincial section of the Federation of the Greens, the party is now autonomous and often forms different alliances at the country-level (most recently with Left Ecology Freedom, Italian Left and Free and Equal, while the Italian Greens have sided with Civil Revolution and the Democratic Party), but both joined Green Europe, a coalition of green parties for the 2019 European Parliament election.

The Greens are inter-ethnic and strive to improve relations between the three language groups of the Province: Italian-, German- and Ladin-speakers. Since 2019 the party's spokespersons have been Felix Wohlgemuth and Marlene Pernstich.[4]

History

The Greens have their roots in the New Left and the environmental movements of the 1970s. They started to compete in elections in 1978, but were formally registered as a party only in 1996. From 1978 to 1996 they used different names: New Left (1978), Alternative List (1983), Green Alternative List (1988) and finally Greens (since 1993).[5] Alexander Langer, founder and early leader of the party, committed suicide in 1995.[6]

Other than in the Landtag of South Tyrol since 1978, the party was successively represented in the European Parliament by long-time activist Langer (1989–1995), mountaineer Reinhold Messner (1999–2004) and theologian Sepp Kusstatscher (2004–2009).

In the 2003 provincial election the party obtained 7.9% of the vote and three provincial councillors: Cristina Kury, Kusstatscher (a former member of the South Tyrolean People's Party, SVP) and Hans Heiss. In the 2004 European Parliament election, the Greens won 13.1% of the vote in the Province, their best result ever, and sent Kusstatscher to the European Parliament, replacing Messner.

In the 2008 provincial election the Greens won only the 5.8% of the vote, losing votes (-2.1%) and one seat from 2003. The two elected Green councillors were Heiss and Riccardo Dello Sbarba,[7] who succeeded to Kusstatscher.

In the 2013 general election the Greens did not follow the national party into the Civil Revolution alliance and decided instead to support Left Ecology Freedom (SEL), whose regional slate included Green Florian Kronbichler,[8] who was the first German-speaker to be elected not for the SVP.[9]

In the 2013 provincial election the Greens won 8.7% of the vote (+2.9%),[10] their record high in a provincial election, and sent three elects to the Provincial Council: Heiss, Dello Sbarba and Brigitte Foppa.[11] In the 2014 European Parliament election the Greens supported The Other Europe, an electoral alliance launched by Italian Left (SI, successor of SEL) and other left-wing parties, but its candidate Oktavia Brugger was not elected.[12] In the 2015 municipal election in Merano, the second-largest South Tyrolean city, Green Paul Rösch was elected mayor with 60.7% of the vote in the run-off:[13][14] it was the first time that the Greens were to win a large municipality.

In the 2018 general election Kronbichler did not stand again and the Greens continued to join forces with SI within the Free and Equal electoral list,[15] with Norbert Lantschner as its standard-bearer.[16] Lantschner was not elected and the Greens lost their representation in Parliament.

In the 2018 provincial election the Greens won 6.8% of the vote (-1.9pp) and again sent three elected to the Provincial Council. In the 2019 European Parliament election the Greens joined the Green Europe electoral list, with Norbert Lantschner as their candidate,[17] and obtained 8.7% of the vote. In November 2019 the party became a full member of the European Green Party.[18]

Popular support

The Greens' best result in a provincial election was in 2013, when the party won 8.7% of the vote. In that occasion, the Greens obtained their highest shares in five small municipalities: Urtijëi (13.9%), Bronzolo (13.7%), Montan (12.8%), Auer (12.4%) and Glurns (11.7%). Despite this, the party was usually stronger in cities than in rural areas:[19] it did well in the three largest cities (11.4% in Bolzano, 10.6% in Merano and 11.0% in Brixen), while it did worse in the four most rural districtsVinschgau (7.3%, despite Glurns), Salten-Schlern (7.2%, despite Urtijëi), Pustertal (6.9%, despite 11.6% in Bruneck) and Wipptal (6.5%) – and in Ladin municipalities (5.9%, despite Urtijëi).[20] Previous and subsequent elections showed similar patterns of the vote.[21]

The electoral results of the Greens in South Tyrol since 1992 are shown in the table below.

1987 general 1988 provinc. 1989 European 1992 general 1993 provinc. 1994 general 1994 European 1996 general 1998 provinc. 1999 European 2001 general
4.2[a] 6.7 7.4[a] 6.9 5.4[a] 8.9[a] 5.4[a] 6.5 6.7[a] 5.5[a] 7.9
2003 provinc. 2004 European 2006 general 2008 general 2008 provinc. 2009 European 2013 general 2013 provinc. 2014 European 2018 general 2018 provinc. 2019 European
13.1[a] 5.4[a] 6.6[a] 3.3[b] 5.8 10.9[c] 5.2[d] 8.7 9.9[e] 3.0[f] 6.8 8.7[g]

Provincial Council

Landtag of South Tyrol
Election year Votes % Seats +/−
1978 9,753 3.7
2 / 35
Increase 2
1983 12,942 4.5
2 / 35
1988 20,549 6.7
2 / 35
1993 21,293 6.9
2 / 35
1998 19,965 6.5
2 / 35
2003 23,708 7.9
3 / 35
Increase 1
2008 17,743 5.8
2 / 35
Decrease 1
2013 25,067 8.7
3 / 35
Increase 1
2018 19,391 6.8
3 / 35

Leadership

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Spokesperson: Carlo Bertorelle (1996–1998), Leander Moroder (1998–2006), Franco Bernard (2006–2009), Sepp Kusstatscher and Brigitte Foppa (2009–2013), Giorgio Zanvettor and Brigitte Foppa (2014–2016), Hans Heiss and Brigitte Foppa (2016–2017), Tobias Planer and Brigitte Foppa (2017–2019), Felix Wohlgemuth and Marlene Pernstich (2019–present)

References

  1. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "South Tyrol/Italy". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  2. ^ Dabis, Attila (January 2014). "The South Tyrolean Party System". Minority Studies: 44. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  3. ^ "L'obiettivo dei Verdi: i voti degli scontenti Pd e Svp - Bolzano". Alto Adige.
  4. ^ "Marlene Pernstich und Felix Wohlgemuth sind neue Co-Sprecher der Grünen – Südtirol News". www.suedtirolnews.it. Archived from the original on 2019-12-10.
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-05-24. Retrieved 2010-05-24.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Trentino
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2008-08-13.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Confixx". www.grueneverdi.bz.it.
  8. ^ "ultimaora - flash news 24 Corriere della Sera". www.corriere.it.
  9. ^ "Alto Adige". ricerca.gelocal.it.
  10. ^ "Referendum consultivo provinciale 2016 - Provincia autonoma di Bolzano – Alto Adige". elezioni.provincia.bz.it.
  11. ^ "Elezioni provinciali 2013 – Provincia autonoma di Bolzano". elezioni.provincia.bz.it. Archived from the original on 2013-10-30.
  12. ^ "Alto Adige". ricerca.gelocal.it.
  13. ^ "Comune di Merano/Meran - Trentino-Alto Adige - Ballottaggio - Elezioni Comunali - 10 maggio 2015". la Repubblica.it.
  14. ^ "Merano, il nuovo sindaco Paul Roesch festeggia". Archived from the original on 2015-05-25. Retrieved 2017-03-05.
  15. ^ ""Liberi e uguali": usciamo da questo sistema bloccato - Bolzano". Alto Adige.
  16. ^ "il manifesto". ilmanifesto.it. 27 February 2018.
  17. ^ "Europee: a Bruxelles i Verdi puntano su Norbert Lantschner contro "l'eterno" Dorfmann". April 9, 2019.
  18. ^ "South Tyrolean Greens 'Verdi-GrüneVërc' join European Green family". European Greens.
  19. ^ "Elezioni provinciali 2013 – Provincia autonoma di Bolzano". elezioni.provincia.bz.it. Archived from the original on 2013-10-30.
  20. ^ "Elezioni provinciali 2013 – Provincia autonoma di Bolzano". elezioni.provincia.bz.it. Archived from the original on 2013-11-11.
  21. ^ "Wahlen | CIVIS, das neue Südtiroler Bürgernetz".

Sources