Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
|• Total||297 sq mi (770 km2)|
|• Land||295 sq mi (760 km2)|
|• Water||2 sq mi (5 km2) 0.5%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||41/sq mi (16/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Greensville County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,243. Its county seat is Emporia.
Greensville County was established in 1781 from Brunswick County. The county is probably named for Sir Richard Grenville, leader of the settlement on Roanoke Island, 1585. There is also belief that it may be named after Nathanael Greene, a major general of the Continental Army and one of George Washington's brightest officers.
An early chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was formed in Greensville County and Emporia (the county seat) in May 1940, under the leadership of dentist Dr. F. A. Sealy, of Boydton, Virginia and president of the Mecklenburg County, Virginia branch. However he died in 1943, as efforts to desegregate the county's schools began with the assistance of attorneys Oliver W. Hill. After service in World War II, Hill's colleague Samuel W. Tucker moved to Emporia, married a schoolteacher and became the county's only African American attorney, as well as a leader in desegregating schools across Virginia.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 297 square miles (770 km2), of which 295 square miles (760 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.5%) is water.
The Meherrin River forms the boundary between Greensville County and Southampton County.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,243 people living in the county. 59.8% were Black or African American, 38.5% White, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% of some other race and 0.8% of two or more races. 1.4% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,560 people, 3,375 households, and 2,396 families living in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile (15/km2). There were 3,765 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 59.75% Black or African American, 38.94% White, 0.10% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 0.32% from two or more races. 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,375 households, out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 16.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 18.20% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 38.70% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 160.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 177.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,002, and the median income for a family was $38,810. Males had a median income of $24,919 versus $19,849 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,632. 14.70% of the population and 12.40% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 17.00% are under the age of 18 and 18.60% are 65 or older.
Virginia Department of Corrections operates the Greensville Correctional Center in unincorporated Greensville County, near Jarratt. Greensville houses the State of Virginia execution chamber.
†Positions shared with Emporia City.
Greensville is represented by Democrat Louise Lucas in the Virginia Senate, Democrat Roslyn Tyler in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Democrat Donald McEachin in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Although Emporia lies within the boundaries of Greensville County and serves as the county seat, it is an independent city and thus not part of the county. But although they are separate, they do share the same public school system
Greensville County Public Schools operates public schools for the whole county.
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