Greensville County
Greensville County Courthouse, also serving the City of Emporia
Official seal of Greensville County
Map of Virginia highlighting Greensville County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°40′N 77°34′W / 36.67°N 77.56°W / 36.67; -77.56
Country United States
State Virginia
Founded1780
SeatEmporia
Largest townJarratt
Area
 • Total297 sq mi (770 km2)
 • Land295 sq mi (760 km2)
 • Water2 sq mi (5 km2)  0.5%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total11,391
 • Density38/sq mi (15/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitewww.greensvillecountyva.gov

Greensville County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 11,391.[1] Its county seat is Emporia.[2]

History

Greensville County was established in 1781 from Brunswick County. The county is probably named for Sir Richard Grenville, leader of the settlement on Roanoke Island, 1585. There is also belief that it may be named after Nathanael Greene, a major general of the Continental Army and one of George Washington's brightest officers.

An early chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was formed in Greensville County and Emporia (the county seat) in May 1940, under the leadership of dentist Dr. F. A. Sealy, of Boydton, Virginia and president of the Mecklenburg County, Virginia branch. However he died in 1943, as efforts to desegregate the county's schools began with the assistance of attorneys Oliver W. Hill.[3] After service in World War II, Hill's colleague Samuel W. Tucker moved to Emporia, married a schoolteacher and became the county's only African American attorney, as well as a leader in desegregating schools across Virginia.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 297 square miles (770 km2), of which 295 square miles (760 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.5%) is water.[5]

The Meherrin River forms the boundary between Greensville County and Southampton County.

Adjacent counties / independent city

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17906,362
18006,7275.7%
18106,8531.9%
18206,8580.1%
18307,1173.8%
18406,366−10.6%
18505,639−11.4%
18606,37413.0%
18706,362−0.2%
18808,40732.1%
18908,230−2.1%
19009,75818.6%
191011,89021.8%
192011,606−2.4%
193013,38815.4%
194014,86611.0%
195016,3199.8%
196016,155−1.0%
19709,604−40.6%
198010,90313.5%
19908,853−18.8%
200011,56030.6%
201012,2435.9%
202011,391−7.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010[10] 2020[11]

2020 census

Greensville County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[10] Pop 2020[11] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 4,628 4,217 37.80% 37.02%
Black or African American alone (NH) 7,294 6,616 59.58% 58.08%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 23 19 0.19% 0.17%
Asian alone (NH) 35 32 0.29% 0.28%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 1 0 0.01% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 10 13 0.08% 0.11%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 79 218 0.65% 1.91%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 173 276 1.41% 2.42%
Total 12,087 11,391 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2010 Census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,243 people living in the county. 59.8% were Black or African American, 38.5% White, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% of some other race and 0.8% of two or more races. 1.4% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 11,560 people, 3,375 households, and 2,396 families living in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile (15/km2). There were 3,765 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 59.75% Black or African American, 38.94% White, 0.10% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 0.32% from two or more races. 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,375 households, out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 16.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 18.20% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 38.70% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 160.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 177.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,002, and the median income for a family was $38,810. Males had a median income of $24,919 versus $19,849 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,632. 14.70% of the population and 12.40% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 17.00% are under the age of 18 and 18.60% are 65 or older.

Government and infrastructure

Virginia Department of Corrections operates the Greensville Correctional Center in unincorporated Greensville County, near Jarratt.[13] The facility houses the commonwealth's former execution chamber.[14]

Greensville County has supported the Democratic nominee in every election since 1912, with the exception of 1972 when it backed Richard Nixon during his landslide victory over George McGovern. Its residents did not cast a single vote for Alf Landon in 1936, making the county one of four in which Landon was locked out.[citation needed]

United States presidential election results for Greensville County, Virginia[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,914 41.85% 2,627 57.43% 33 0.72%
2016 1,737 39.81% 2,558 58.63% 68 1.56%
2012 1,766 35.85% 3,135 63.64% 25 0.51%
2008 1,729 35.38% 3,122 63.88% 36 0.74%
2004 1,732 40.68% 2,514 59.04% 12 0.28%
2000 1,565 40.07% 2,314 59.24% 27 0.69%
1996 1,176 30.60% 2,381 61.96% 286 7.44%
1992 1,335 33.49% 2,237 56.12% 414 10.39%
1988 1,610 43.13% 2,083 55.80% 40 1.07%
1984 2,304 48.28% 2,352 49.29% 116 2.43%
1980 1,583 41.66% 2,142 56.37% 75 1.97%
1976 1,137 31.18% 2,413 66.18% 96 2.63%
1972 1,608 56.05% 1,197 41.72% 64 2.23%
1968 529 16.71% 1,367 43.19% 1,269 40.09%
1964 2,245 49.68% 2,262 50.06% 12 0.27%
1960 1,057 38.21% 1,676 60.59% 33 1.19%
1956 724 29.08% 994 39.92% 772 31.00%
1952 988 43.47% 1,259 55.39% 26 1.14%
1948 301 21.09% 710 49.75% 416 29.15%
1944 279 22.55% 954 77.12% 4 0.32%
1940 152 15.22% 843 84.38% 4 0.40%
1936 0 0.00% 884 100.00% 0 0.00%
1932 112 13.81% 692 85.33% 7 0.86%
1928 318 37.99% 519 62.01% 0 0.00%
1924 132 23.04% 417 72.77% 24 4.19%
1920 111 20.63% 424 78.81% 3 0.56%
1916 76 16.17% 392 83.40% 2 0.43%
1912 31 7.73% 294 73.32% 76 18.95%


Communities

Although Emporia lies within the boundaries of Greensville County and serves as the county seat, it is an independent city and thus not part of the county. But although they are separate, they do share the same public school system

Town

Unincorporated communities

Education

Greensville County Public Schools operates public schools for the whole county.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Greensville County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ First Annual Founders' Day program at Greensville County High School June 23, 2007 pp. 15-27
  4. ^ Nancy Noyes Silcox, Samuel Wlbert Tucker: The Story of a Civil Rights Trailblazer (Fairfax, Virginia: History4All, 2014) pp. 61-62
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
  10. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Greensville County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Greensville County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ "Greensville Correctional Center/Greensville Work Center (major male institution) Archived 2010-08-19 at the Wayback Machine." Virginia Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 22, 2010.
  14. ^ "Virginia Death Row/Execution Facts." My FOX DC. Tuesday November 10, 2009. Retrieved on August 22, 2010.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved December 9, 2020.

Coordinates: 36°43′17″N 77°31′56″W / 36.72139°N 77.53222°W / 36.72139; -77.53222