Greenville County
Former Greenville County Courthouse (now a bookstore and office space)
Location within the U.S. state of South Carolina
South Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°53′N 82°22′W / 34.89°N 82.37°W / 34.89; -82.37
Country United States
State South Carolina
FoundedMarch 22, 1786
SeatGreenville
Largest cityGreenville
Government
 • County AdministratorJoseph M. Kernell
Area
 • Total795 sq mi (2,060 km2)
 • Land785 sq mi (2,030 km2)
 • Water9.7 sq mi (25 km2)  1.2%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total451,225
 • Estimate 
(2020)
532,486
 • Density570/sq mi (220/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts3rd, 4th
Websitewww.greenvillecounty.org
Official logo of Greenville County
Official logo of Greenville County

Greenville County is located in the state of South Carolina, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 451,225,[1] making it the most populous county in the state. In 2019, the estimated population of the county was 523,542. Its county seat is Greenville.[2] The county is also home to the Greenville County School District, the largest school system in South Carolina. County government is headquartered at Greenville County Square.

Greenville County is the most populous county in Upstate South Carolina, as well as in the State of South Carolina. It is the central county of the Greenville-Anderson, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area, which in turn is part of the Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 795 square miles (2,060 km2), of which 785 square miles (2,030 km2) is land and 9.7 square miles (25 km2) (1.2%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17906,503
180011,50476.9%
181013,13314.2%
182014,53010.6%
183016,47613.4%
184017,8398.3%
185020,15613.0%
186021,8928.6%
187022,2621.7%
188037,49668.4%
189044,31018.2%
190053,49020.7%
191068,37727.8%
192088,49829.4%
1930117,00932.2%
1940136,58016.7%
1950168,15223.1%
1960209,77624.8%
1970240,54614.7%
1980287,91319.7%
1990320,16711.2%
2000379,61618.6%
2010451,22518.9%
2020 (est.)532,486[4]18.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010–2015[9]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 451,225 people, 176,531 households, and 119,362 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 574.7 inhabitants per square mile (221.9/km2). There were 195,462 housing units at an average density of 249.0 per square mile (96.1/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 73.8% white, 18.1% black or African American, 2.0% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.9% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.1% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 13.0% were American, 11.6% were German, 10.9% were English, and 10.7% were Irish.[12]

Of the 176,531 households, 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.4% were non-families, and 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age was 37.2 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $46,830 and the median income for a family was $59,043. Males had a median income of $45,752 versus $33,429 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,931. About 10.8% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Greenville County Racial Breakdown of Population[14]
Racial composition 2010 2019
White 73.8% 76.3%
Black 18.1% 18.4%
Asian 2.0% 2.7%
Native American 0.3% 0.5%
Native Hawaiian and
other Pacific Islander
0.1% 0.1%
Two or more races 1.9% 2.0%
Other 3.8% 0.0%

2016

As of 2016 the largest self-reported ancestry groups in Greenville County, South Carolina are:[15]

Largest ancestries (2016) Percent
English 12.9%
German 11.0%
Irish 10.2%
American 9.9%
Scots-Irish 3.1%
Italian 3.1%
Scottish 2.9%
French 2.2%
Polish 1.5%
Dutch 1.2%
Welsh 0.7%
Swedish 0.7%
Norwegian 0.6%

Economy

CommunityWorks Federal Credit Union was chartered in 2014 to serve the residents of Greenville County. It is sponsored by CommunityWorks, Inc., a non-profit community development financial institution, and receives assistance from the United Way of Greenville County and the Hollingsworth Fund.[16]

Communities

The 2010 Census lists six cities and 16 census designated places that are fully or partially within Greenville County.[17]

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Government and politics

Greenville County is governed by a 12-member county council. The current county administrator is Joseph Kernell, whom the council appointed in January 2004 after voting in late 2003 to hire him. Kernell was previously the county administrator for St. Charles County, Missouri. Other staff hired by the council include a clerk and an attorney.[18][19]

Council members are elected by voters in each of the twelve state legislative districts (17–28) within the county and serve staggered four-year terms.[20]

County Council members[20]
District Name/party[21][22] Home[23] Elected
17 Joe Dill Landrum 1998[24]
18 Michael F. Barnes Greer 2016[25][26]
19 Willis Meadows (chair) Greenville 2006[27]
20 Steve Shaw Travelers Rest 2020[28]
21 Chris Harrison Greer 2020[28]
22 Stan Tzouvelekas Greenville 2020[28]
23 Xanthene Norris (chair pro tem) Greenville 1997[29]
24 Liz Seman Greenville 2008[30]
25 Ennis M. Fant Jr Greenville 2016[31] (1984)[32]
26 Lynn Ballard Pelzer 2014[33]
27 Butch Kirven Simpsonville 2004[34]
28 Dan Tripp (vice chair) Mauldin 2018[35]
Presidential elections results[36]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 58.1% 150,021 39.9% 103,030 2.0% 5,104
2016 59.4% 127,832 34.6% 74,483 6.0% 12,850
2012 63.0% 121,685 35.2% 68,070 1.8% 3,434
2008 61.0% 116,363 37.2% 70,886 1.8% 3,408
2004 66.0% 111,481 32.8% 55,347 1.2% 2,005
2000 66.1% 92,714 31.2% 43,810 2.7% 3,769
1996 59.1% 71,210 34.6% 41,605 6.3% 7,605
1992 57.1% 65,066 30.4% 34,651 12.5% 14,190
1988 70.8% 67,371 28.6% 27,188 0.6% 567
1984 73.1% 66,766 26.4% 24,137 0.5% 466
1980 57.4% 46,168 40.0% 32,135 2.6% 2,112
1976 51.5% 39,099 47.3% 35,943 1.2% 939
1972 79.6% 46,360 17.4% 10,143 3.0% 1,726
1968 52.9% 31,652 21.6% 12,928 25.5% 15,241
1964 63.0% 29,358 37.0% 17,275
1960 61.9% 22,657 38.2% 13,976
1956 39.5% 10,752 43.5% 11,819 17.0% 4,622
1952 54.4% 17,743 45.6% 14,863
1948 8.3% 789 29.0% 2,745 62.7% 5,940
1944 8.8% 711 87.8% 7,107 3.4% 276
1940 6.0% 514 94.1% 8,118
1936 1.1% 92 98.9% 8,310
1932 1.6% 126 98.4% 7,930 0.0% 2
1928 11.7% 546 88.3% 4,116 0.0% 2
1924 1.5% 59 97.4% 3,728 1.1% 42
1920 3.2% 144 96.8% 4,409
1916 2.3% 81 96.7% 3,384 1.0% 36
1912 0.0% 0 98.3% 3,140 1.7% 55
1908 5.9% 176 92.9% 2,774 1.1% 35
1904 2.6% 66 97.4% 2,489
1900 2.6% 47 97.4% 1,777
1896 9.4% 288 89.3% 2,718 1.1% 35
1892 16.2% 600 82.0% 3,026 1.6% 60

From the latter half of the 20th century onward, Greenville County has voted overwhelmingly Republican in presidential elections. It has gone Republican in every presidential election since 1960, and in all but one election since 1952. Even Jimmy Carter of neighboring Georgia failed to win the county in 1976 despite winning the state. To date, Carter's two runs are the last times that a Democrat has managed even 40 percent of the county's vote, and one of only two official Democratic candidates to do so since 1948. In 2020, Joe Biden became the first Democrat to obtain over 100,000 votes in the county, and Donald Trump's 18.2 percent margin of victory was the lowest for any Republican since 1980. Biden came within a few votes of being only the second Democrat in 72 years to win 40 percent of the county's vote.

The county also rejects Democrats at the state level; it was one of the first areas of the state where Republicans were able to break the long Democratic monopoly on state and local offices.

Law enforcement

As of 2021, the sheriff of Greenville County is Hobart Lewis. The Sheriff's Office includes five divisions: Administrative Services, Community Services, Uniform Patrol, Criminal Investigations, and Judicial Services.[37]

History

When Greenville County was formed in 1786, it was serviced by the sheriff of the Ninety Six District. A Washington District, including Greenville and Pendleton Counties, existed from 1791 to 1799. (Pendleton was split in 1826 into Pickens and Anderson Counties.) One of the district's first sheriffs, Revolutionary War hero Robert Maxwell, served from 1795 to 1797, when he was killed in an ambush.[38]

Sheriffs in South Carolina were originally elected by the state legislature. In 1808, a law was enacted to provide for the election of the sheriff directly by the citizens of the county, rather than by politicians. This method of election was placed into the South Carolina State Constitution in 1868 and the Office of Sheriff in Greenville County began.[38]

In 2017, Sheriff Will Lewis was suspended by Governor Henry McMaster for misconduct, perjury, and obstruction of justice. These charges came out of a sexual assault lawsuit filed by Lewis' female assistant. Although the sheriff said the relationship was consensual, he settled the claim for an undisclosed sum. [39][40] Lewis was found guilty in 2019 and sentenced to a year of prison, although he did not begin his sentence until October 2021.[41]

Healthcare

The Greenville Memorial Hospital was formerly operated by the municipal government, with Greenville Health System being the operating authority.[42] In 2016, Prisma Health began leasing the hospital and directly operating.[43] The GHA is the portion of the Greenville Health System that still existed after the hospital transitioned into being operated by Prisma.[42] The Greenville Health Authority (GHA) is the owner of the hospital facilities operated by Prisma. Members of the South Carolina Legislature select a majority of the seats of the board of directors of the GHA.[44]

See also

References

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  9. ^ "Greenville County, South Carolina". US Census. US Census. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  14. ^ "Greenville County, South Carolina". Census Bureau. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2018-06-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ Birch, Ray (April 3, 2014). "CommunityWorks FCU Is First New CU Charter Of The Year". Credit Union Journal. Retrieved 3 April 2014.[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ See http://factfinder.census.gov Archived 2020-02-12 at archive.today [1] [2] for population numbers and for municipality and CDP lists in the 2010 Census.
  18. ^ Mitchell, Anna B. (January 30, 2019). "Greenville County Council wants to review county administrator's $280K annual contract". The Greenville News. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  19. ^ "County Administrator". Greenville County, South Carolina. Retrieved June 3, 2013.
  20. ^ a b "County Council". Greenville County, South Carolina. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
  21. ^ "Candidate filing for November 2020" (PDF). Greenville County, South Carolina. June 25, 2020. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
  22. ^ "Record absentee votes recorded as polls open today". Greer Today. November 6, 2018. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
  23. ^ "County Council Member Information". Greenville County, South Carolina. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
  24. ^ "Joe Dill, District 17". Greenville County, South Carolina. Retrieved June 3, 2021. originally elected to office in November 1998
  25. ^ Coyne, Amanda (May 29, 2016). "Three Greenville County Council districts headed to primary elections". The Greenville News. Retrieved June 3, 2021. Barnes will face off in a rematch of the 2012 Republican primary. In that race, Barnes won the election but was later kicked off the ballot
  26. ^ Coyne, Amanda (November 9, 2016). "Greenville County Council incumbents, primary victors win". The Greenville News. Retrieved June 3, 2021. Mike Barnes ... was also unopposed after winning his primary in June
  27. ^ "Willis Meadows, District 19". Greenville County, South Carolina. Retrieved June 4, 2021. Elected in November 2006
  28. ^ a b c Maxwell, Anne (January 5, 2021). "Willis Meadows elected chair of Greenville County Council". WSPA-TV. Retrieved June 4, 2021.
  29. ^ "Xanthene Norris, Chairman Pro Tem, District 23". Greenville County, South Carolina. Retrieved June 4, 2021. elected for five terms since 1997
  30. ^ "Liz Seman, District 24". Greenville County, South Carolina. Retrieved June 5, 2021. first elected in 2008 to represent District 24
  31. ^ "Greenville County SC Councilman In Hot Water Over Taxes". FITSNews. May 17, 2019. Retrieved June 5, 2021. since returning to public life in 2016
  32. ^ Coyne, Amanda (May 29, 2016). "Three Greenville County Council districts headed to primary elections". The Greenville News. Retrieved June 5, 2021. Fant served on Greenville County Council from 1984 to 1988
  33. ^ Welch, Stan (August 20, 2014). "Piedmont Public Service District report". The Journal. Piedmont, South Carolina. Retrieved June 5, 2021. Newly elected Greenville County Councilman Lynn Ballard
  34. ^ Cary, Nathaniel (October 7, 2020). "Greenville County Council candidate accuses council of mishandling coronavirus pandemic". The Post and Courier. Greenville. Retrieved June 5, 2021. Kirven ... has served on the council since 2004
  35. ^ "Dan Tripp, District 28". Greenville County, South Carolina. Retrieved June 5, 2021. Tripp was elected in November of 2018
  36. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  37. ^ "Greenville County Sheriff's Office | Greenville County SC". www.gcso.org. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  38. ^ a b "History". Greenville County Sheriff's Office. Retrieved May 28, 2021.
  39. ^ LaFleur, Elizabeth (February 19, 2019). "Grand jury indicts suspended Greenville Sheriff Will Lewis on 2 new criminal charges". Greenville News. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  40. ^ "GCSO Annual Reports". Retrieved September 23, 2013.
  41. ^ Gross, Daniel J. "Former Greenville sheriff fears prison violence after SC court denies rehearing". The Greenville News. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  42. ^ a b "Home". Greenville Health Authority. Retrieved 2021-11-20.
  43. ^ Navarro, Marcus (2021-04-21). "Greenville lawmakers want a more "proactive" Health Authority". Greenville News. Retrieved 2021-10-07.
  44. ^ Mitchell, Anna B. (2021-02-21). "Greenville Health Authority removes Prisma-linked president as hospital lease review nears". Post and Courier. Retrieved 2021-11-20. The changes are significant in that the GHA board owns the facilities from which Prisma runs healthcare in the Upstate.

Coordinates: 34°53′N 82°22′W / 34.89°N 82.37°W / 34.89; -82.37