Griggs County
Griggs County Courthouse. Photographed in 1892.
Griggs County Courthouse. Photographed in 1892.
Map of North Dakota highlighting Griggs County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 47°28′N 98°14′W / 47.46°N 98.23°W / 47.46; -98.23
Country United States
State North Dakota
FoundedFebruary 18, 1881 (created)
June 16, 1882 (organized)
Named forAlexander Griggs
SeatCooperstown
Largest cityCooperstown
Area
 • Total716 sq mi (1,850 km2)
 • Land709 sq mi (1,840 km2)
 • Water7.6 sq mi (20 km2)  1.1%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,306
 • Estimate 
(2021)
2,281
 • Density3.2/sq mi (1.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.griggscountynd.gov

Griggs County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 2,306.[1] Its county seat is Cooperstown.[2]

History

The county was created by the Dakota Territory legislature on February 18, 1881, with territories partitioned from Barnes, Foster, and Traill counties. It was not organized at that time, nor was it attached to another county for administrative or judicial purposes. It was named for Alexander Griggs, a steamboat captain who is credited with founding Grand Forks.[3]

The county organization was effected on June 16, 1882. Its boundary was altered in 1883 when Steele County was partitioned off; it has retained its present boundary since then.[4][5]

Outline map of Griggs County, North Dakota, 1910
Outline map of Griggs County, North Dakota, 1910

Geography

The Sheyenne River flows southward through the east-central part of Griggs County, discharging into Lake Ashtabula at the county's SE corner. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, dotted with lakes and ponds across its central part, mostly devoted to agriculture.[6] The terrain slopes to the south and east; its highest point is a hill at its NW corner, at 1,562' (476m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 716 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 709 square miles (1,840 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (20 km2) (1.1%) is water.[8] It is the third-smallest county in North Dakota by land area and fourth-smallest by total area.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Lakes

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18902,817
19004,74468.4%
19106,27432.3%
19207,40218.0%
19306,889−6.9%
19405,818−15.5%
19505,460−6.2%
19605,023−8.0%
19704,184−16.7%
19803,714−11.2%
19903,303−11.1%
20002,754−16.6%
20102,420−12.1%
20202,306−4.7%
2021 (est.)2,281−1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 2,754 people, 1,178 households, and 781 families in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km2). There were 1,521 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.31% White, 0.22% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.18% from two or more races. 0.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 59.7% were of Norwegian and 24.9% German ancestry.

There were 1,178 households, out of which 26.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.30% were married couples living together, 4.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.70% were non-families. 31.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.88.

The county population contained 22.50% under the age of 18, 4.90% from 18 to 24, 21.10% from 25 to 44, 25.80% from 45 to 64, and 25.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 99.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,572, and the median income for a family was $38,611. Males had a median income of $26,981 versus $19,327 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,131. About 7.80% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.00% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 2,420 people, 1,131 households, and 694 families in the county.[13] The population density was 3.4 inhabitants per square mile (1.3/km2). There were 1,461 housing units at an average density of 2.1 per square mile (0.81/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 98.8% white, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.4% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 60.8% were Norwegian, 36.7% were German, 5.9% were English, 5.6% were Swedish, and 1.2% were American.[15]

Of the 1,131 households, 20.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 4.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.6% were non-families, and 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.70. The median age was 51.9 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $40,085 and the median income for a family was $51,570. Males had a median income of $33,169 versus $27,038 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,122. About 9.5% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Township Numbers and Range Numbers[17]
Range 61 Range 60 Range 59 Range 58
Township 148 Rosendal Willow Pilot Mound Lenora
Township 147 Bryan Addie Tyrol Romness
Township 146 Kingsley Clearfield Cooperstown Washburn
Township 145 Mabel Helena Ball Hill Sverdrup
Township 144 Dover Bartley Greenfield Broadview

Politics

Griggs County voters usually vote Republican. In only one national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

United States presidential election results for Griggs County, North Dakota[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 907 72.56% 308 24.64% 35 2.80%
2016 847 66.96% 298 23.56% 120 9.49%
2012 771 57.41% 536 39.91% 36 2.68%
2008 682 51.90% 598 45.51% 34 2.59%
2004 907 63.03% 505 35.09% 27 1.88%
2000 920 62.63% 484 32.95% 65 4.42%
1996 731 46.53% 670 42.65% 170 10.82%
1992 773 44.02% 647 36.85% 336 19.13%
1988 1,020 54.11% 846 44.88% 19 1.01%
1984 1,254 59.89% 828 39.54% 12 0.57%
1980 1,342 61.84% 636 29.31% 192 8.85%
1976 1,086 48.01% 1,122 49.60% 54 2.39%
1972 1,312 58.10% 901 39.90% 45 1.99%
1968 1,110 49.84% 1,008 45.26% 109 4.89%
1964 885 37.03% 1,505 62.97% 0 0.00%
1960 1,278 49.90% 1,279 49.94% 4 0.16%
1956 1,212 50.78% 1,173 49.14% 2 0.08%
1952 1,727 66.19% 872 33.42% 10 0.38%
1948 1,036 44.31% 1,180 50.47% 122 5.22%
1944 990 44.45% 1,228 55.14% 9 0.40%
1940 1,117 43.09% 1,464 56.48% 11 0.42%
1936 666 24.46% 1,665 61.15% 392 14.40%
1932 428 18.01% 1,838 77.32% 111 4.67%
1928 1,329 52.45% 1,182 46.65% 23 0.91%
1924 738 33.33% 116 5.24% 1,360 61.43%
1920 1,739 73.84% 530 22.51% 86 3.65%
1916 521 40.86% 668 52.39% 86 6.75%
1912 144 14.47% 434 43.62% 417 41.91%
1908 605 51.84% 493 42.25% 69 5.91%
1904 688 66.80% 232 22.52% 110 10.68%
1900 527 54.44% 407 42.05% 34 3.51%

Education

School districts include:[19]

Former:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Griggs County, North Dakota". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 145.
  4. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2019.
  5. ^ "County History". North Dakota.gov. The State of North Dakota. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
  6. ^ a b c Griggs County ND Google Maps (accessed February 20, 2019)
  7. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Griggs County ND" Google Maps (accessed February 20, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved February 20, 2019.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  9. ^ "United States Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  13. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  17. ^ Township Numbers - ND.gov
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  19. ^ a b "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Griggs County, ND" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2022. - Text list - The page shows Hope School District as still separate from Hope-Page. 2010 map and 2010 text list
  20. ^ "Enrollment History Public School Districts 2009-2021". North Dakota Department of Public Instruction. Retrieved August 19, 2021. - Check the 2020-2021 spreadsheet, which lists a single "Hope Page" school district, and compare with all previous sheets which show them as two separate school districts.

Coordinates: 47°28′N 98°14′W / 47.46°N 98.23°W / 47.46; -98.23