Guillotine choke
USMC-091229-M-3661M-011.jpg
Applied standing
ClassificationChokehold
StyleJudo, Jujutsu, Brazilian jiu-jitsu
AKAMae Hadaka Jime

The guillotine choke, also known as Mae Hadaka Jime (前裸絞, "front naked choke"; compare to a rear naked choke) in judo, is a chokehold in martial arts applied from in front of the opponent, often on the ground but can also be done while standing.[1] The choke involves using the arms to encircle the opponent's neck in a fashion similar to a guillotine.

Application

Guillotine choke applied on the ground by bottom fighter in a closed guard
Guillotine choke applied on the ground by bottom fighter in a closed guard

The technique is either a type of tracheal compression restraint (wind choke) that prevents air flow to the lungs, or a blood choke depending on how and where pressure is applied, the trachea versus arteries respectively.[2] It can be applied both standing and from the ground, and can be used as a defense against a double leg takedown.[3][4]

When executed from the ground, the person applying it will try to control the opponent by the hips, for instance using a closed guard. This is done to prevent the opponent from escaping the hold, and to be able to apply additional pressure by extending the hips. It is a very effective maneuver when performed correctly.

The arm is wrapped around the trachea and the hands are clasped. Pressure is applied upwards to restrict blood flow to the head, eventually causing unconsciousness and, if applied for more time, even death. It is taught in various grappling martial arts and is considered universal to grappling, including Jujutsu, Brazilian jiu-jitsu, Judo, as well as in mixed martial arts competition and exists as one of the most instinctive chokes.[5]

The Guillotine can be applied either solely around the opponent's neck or including an arm, with the standard guillotine taking 8.9 seconds to render someone unconscious and an arm-in guillotine taking 10.2 seconds on average.[6]

Following the match between Conor McGregor and Dustin Poirier, during UFC 264 where McGregor attempted a guillotine choke, fighter Israel Adesanya commented on why he avoids attempting the choke in matches.[7] Adesanya claimed that one of the choke's largest drawbacks was that it left the individual attempting it underneath his opponent.[8]

Description

The 2002 FM 3-25.150 U.S Army Combatives field manual dictates that the fighter should first ensure that the enemy's head goes underneath one of their arms. The fighter wraps their arm around the enemy's head and under their neck. The fighter's palm should be facing their own chest. With the other hand, the fighter grasps the first hand, ensuring that they have not reached around the enemy's arm, and pulls upward with both hands. They now sit down and place the enemy within their guard, and finish the choke by pulling with their arms and pushing with their legs.[9]

Defense

One defense while in the guillotine choke is the Von Flue choke. Named after fighter Jason Von Flue, this choke involves getting guillotined, getting your opponent into side control, wrapping an arm around their head, linking your arms using a gable grip, and choking them.

In popular culture

Although the technique has been around for many centuries, it was popularized by martial artist Bruce Lee in his 1972 movie Way of the Dragon.

Before he became better known as Daniel Bryan, professional wrestler Bryan Danielson used the guillotine choke as his finishing maneuver. Ivelisse Velez currently uses the hold as her finisher. It is also featured prominently as a finishing move in the climactic fight of the movie Never Back Down, about underground MMA fight clubs. It is also now used by Roman Reigns and Brock Lesnar as a finishing maneuver.

References

  1. ^ Petermann, Hans-Erik (2006). Jiu Jitsu: The Essential Guide to Mastering the Art. Blue Snake Books. ISBN 978-1-58394-169-0.
  2. ^ Williams, Michael John (2014-06-29). The Basics of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu. Michael John Williams. ISBN 978-1-291-50031-8.
  3. ^ Defense, U. S. Department of (2017-03-15). Fight Like a Marine - Close Combat Fighting (Official U.S. Marine Handbook): Learn Ground-Fighting Techniques, Takedowns & Throws, Punching Combinations & Kicks; Advanced Weapons Techniques & Defense Against Armed Opponent; Attacking from Side and in Guard…. e-artnow. ISBN 978-80-268-7511-6.
  4. ^ Ferguson, Rhadi; Scott, Steve; Zerling, Andrew (2015-10-23). Mixed Martial Arts: Analyses of Techniques and Usage. Via Media Publishing. ISBN 978-1-893765-19-1.
  5. ^ Jr, David L. Hudson (2009-05-13). Combat Sports: An Encyclopedia of Wrestling, Fighting, and Mixed Martial Arts. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-34384-1.
  6. ^ Jones, Phil (2021-03-31). "Scientists Confirm Which Chokes Put People To Sleep The Fastest". Jitsmagazine.com. Retrieved 2021-07-18.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ Hill, Glynn A. (July 11, 2021). "Conor McGregor suffers broken leg at UFC 264 as Dustin Poirier wins third clash of rivals". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 18, 2021.
  8. ^ Sharma, Deepit (2021-07-12). ""This is one of the reasons I don't jump for guillotines" - Israel Adesanya on Conor McGregor's surprise submission attempt at UFC 264". www.sportskeeda.com. Retrieved 2021-07-19.
  9. ^ "FM 3-25.150 (FM 21-150): COMBATIVES" (PDF). www.army.mil. Washington D.C.: HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY. January 18, 2002. Retrieved July 18, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)

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