Gujarat Legislative Assembly
15th Gujarat Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
State Emblem of Gujarat
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
History
Preceded by15th Gujarat Legislative Assembly
Leadership
Speaker
TBA, BJP
since 8 December 2022
Deputy Speaker
TBA, BJP
since 8 December 2022
Bhupendrabhai Patel, BJP
since 13 September 2021
Vacant
since 8 December 2022
Structure
Seats182
Gujarat Legislative Assembly structure.svg
Political groups
Government (159)
  •   BJP (156)
  •   IND (3)

Opposition (17)

Others (6)

Elections
First past the post
Last election
1 and 5 December 2022
Next election
December 2027
Meeting place
SACHIVALAY PANORAMA.jpg
23°13′9″N 72°39′25″E / 23.21917°N 72.65694°E / 23.21917; 72.65694Coordinates: 23°13′9″N 72°39′25″E / 23.21917°N 72.65694°E / 23.21917; 72.65694
Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan, Gujarat Vidhan Sabha, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
Website
www.gujaratassembly.gov.in

Gujarat Legislative Assembly or Gujarat Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Gujarat, in the state capital Gandhinagar. Presently, 182 members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected from single-member constituencies (seats). It has a term of 5 years unless it is dissolved sooner. 13 constituencies are reserved for scheduled castes and 27 constituencies for scheduled tribes. From its majority party group or by way of a grand coalition cabinet of its prominent members,the state's Executive namely the Government of Gujarat is formed.

Since 1995 the Gujarat Legislative Assembly is controlled by the Bharatiya Janata Party with a majority after elections.

History

Bhavsinhji Gohil, ruler of Bhavnagar State, established The Peoples' Representative Assembly consisting of 38 members appointed by him. His succeeding son, Krishnakumar Sinhji, formed the Bhavnagar legislative assembly in 1941 having 55 members, consisting of 33 elected members, 16 nominated members by him and 6 ex-officio members. They had power to ask questions, move resolutions, discuss the budget and introduce bills in the assembly. This assembly used to meet at least twice in a year. Porbandar state assembly had same powers. Sayajirao Gaekwad III, ruler of Baroda State, had formed the Baroda legislative assembly in 1908.[1]

Since 1921, representatives were elected by the people of that area of the present Gujarat state except the princely states, and sent to the Bombay State legislative assembly. In 1952, Saurashtra State legislative assembly was constituted after the independence of India. It was functional till 31 October 1956. Saurashtra State was merged into the Bombay State under the States Reorganization Act, 1956.[1]

On 1 May 1960, the Bombay State was bifurcated into Gujarat and Maharashtra states which resulted in formation of Gujarat legislative assembly. The 132 members of the former Bombay legislative assembly, elected from the territorial constituencies of Gujarat, formed the first Gujarat legislative assembly. The number of the members was increased to 154 in 1962, 168 in 1967 and 182 in 1975.[1]

Location

After formation of Gujarat state in 1960, Ahmedabad was a capital of the state. The Assembly started functioning from the present day OPD building of Ahmedabad Civil Hospital. The new capital city, Gandhinagar was built in 1971. Later assembly was shifted to Central Library building, sector-17, Gandhinagar on 11 February 1971. The new assembly building, Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan, was completed and inaugurated in 1982. Since then the Gujarat legislative assembly functions there.[1]

Building

President Neelam Sanjiva Reddy laid foundation stone of new assembly building, Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan on 20 March 1978. It was designed by H. K. Mewada, chief planner of Gandhinagar. The construction was completed in July 1982 and it is named after Vithalbhai Patel, the first Indian speaker of Central Legislative Assembly during the British period. It was inaugurated by the Governor Sharda Mukherjee on 8 July 1982.[1]

It is constructed with Reinforced concrete and the outer walls of the building is affixed with Dholpur light pink stones. The building is constructed on the 133 square metre platform amid a water pool having diameter of 200 metres. This central building was linked with the Ministerial Secretariat by bridges formerly but now new buildings are constructed in between known as Swarnim Sankul. The building is 33.45 metres high including its octagonal dome. The constructed area of building is 8100 square metres while the total built up area of square platform is 17689 square metres. It has four floors with total built up area of 43350 square metres or total carpet area of 16180 square metres. The entrance of the building is reached by a flight of steps.[2]

The Assembly hall is situated on the second floor. It is octagonal from inside. The octagonal roof is supported by eight V-shaped pillars and one pillar in the centre. These pillars tapers and forms octagonal dome on the hall. There is an arrangement of white floodlights on the top. The hall has a capacity of 232 seats though currently the assembly has only 182 elected members. The hall is viewed from the galleries on the third floor which has a capacity of 564 seats.[2]

There is a podium just under the Assembly hall which is used for ceremonies and functions. The downward floor of the Assembly hall makes an umbrella-like roof of the podium. The podium has some personal belongings of Mahatma Gandhi and Vallabhbhai Patel on display. There are oil paintings of several national leaders, independence activists and personalities on its walls.[2]

It was constructed at the cost of 6 crore.[2] The assembly building along with other government offices is in Sector 10 of Gandhinagar, a capitol complex spanning 370 acres.[1]

List of speakers

Election year Assembly Party in Majority Name Term
1957 1st INC Kalyanji V. Mehta 1 May 1960 – 19 August 1960
Mansinhji Rana 19 August 1960 – 19 March 1962
1962 2nd Fatehali Palejwala 19 March 1962 – 17 March 1967
1967 3rd INC(O) Raghavji Leuva 17 March 1967 – 28 June 1975
1972 4th INC
1975 5th INC(O) Kundanlal Dholakia 28 June 1975 – 28 March 1977
Manubhai Palkhiwala (Acting Speaker) 28 March 1977 – 21 April 1977
JP Kundanlal Dholakia 21 April 1977 – 20 June 1980
1980 6th INC Natwarlal Shah 20 June 1980 – 8 January 1990
1985 7th
Karsandas Soneri (Acting Speaker) 8 January 1990 – 19 January 1990
JD Barjorji Pardiwala 19 January 1990 – 16 March 1990
1990 8th INC Shashikant Lakhani 16 March 1990 – 12 November 1990
Manubhai Parmar (Acting Speaker) 12 November 1990 – 11 February 1991
Himatlal Mulani 11 February 1991 – 21 March 1995
1995 9th BJP Harishchandra Patel 21 March 1995 – 16 September 1996
Chandubhai Dabhi (Acting Speaker) 16 September 1996 – 29 October 1996
Gumansinhji Vaghela 29 October 1996 – 19 March 1998
1998 10th Dhirubhai Shah 19 March 1998 – 27 December 2002
2002 11th Prof. Mangaldas Patel 27 December 2002 – 18 January 2008
2007 12th Ashok Bhatt 18 January 2008 – 29 September 2010
Prof. Mangaldas Patel (Acting Speaker) 29 September 2010 – 23 February 2011
Ganpat Vasava 23 February 2011 – 26 December 2012
Vajubhai Vala (Acting Speaker) 26 December 2012 - 19 January 2013[3]
Neema Acharya (Acting Speaker)[3] 19 January 2013 – 22 January 2013
2012 13th Vajubhai Vala 23 January 2013[4] - 30 August 2014[5]
Mangubhai C. Patel (Acting Speaker) 30 August 2014 – 9 November 2014
Ganpat Vasava 9 November 2014 – 7 August 2016
Parbatbhai Patel (Acting Speaker) 7 August 2016 – 22 August 2016
Ramanlal Vora[6] 22 August 2016 – 19 February 2018
2017 14th Rajendra Trivedi 19 February 2018 – 13 September 2021
Dr. Nimaben Acharya 13 September 2021 – Incumbent

Members of Legislative Assembly

This section is transcluded from 15th Gujarat Assembly. (edit | history)

No. Constituency Name Party Remarks
Kutch District
1 Abdasa Pradhyumansinh Jadeja BJP
2 Mandvi (Kachchh) Aniruddha Dave BJP
3 Bhuj Keshubhai Patel BJP
4 Anjar Trikam Chhanga BJP
5 Gandhidham (SC) Malti Maheshwari BJP
6 Rapar Virendrasinh Jadeja BJP
Banaskantha District
7 Vav Geniben Thakor INC
8 Tharad Shankarbhai Chaudhary BJP
9 Dhanera Mavjibhai Desai Independent
10 Danta (ST) Kantibhai Kharadi INC
11 Vadgam (SC) Jignesh Mevani INC
12 Palanpur Aniket Thaker BJP
13 Deesa Pravin Mali BJP
14 Deodar Keshaji Chauhan BJP
15 Kankrej Amrutji Thakor INC
Patan District
16 Radhanpur Lavingji Solanki BJP
17 Chanasma Dineshbhai Thakor INC
18 Patan Kirit Patel INC
19 Sidhpur Balvantsinh Rajput BJP
Mahesana District
20 Kheralu Sardarbhai Chaudhary BJP
21 Unjha K. K. Patel BJP
22 Visnagar Rushikesh Patel BJP
23 Bechraji Sukhaji Thakor BJP
24 Kadi (SC) Karsanbhai Solanki BJP
25 Mahesana Mukesh Patel BJP
26 Vijapur C. J. Chavda INC
Sabarkantha District
27 Himatnagar Virendrasinh Zala BJP
28 Idar (SC) Ramanlal Vora BJP
29 Khedbrahma (ST) Dr. Tushar Chaudhary INC
Aravalli District
30 Bhiloda (ST) P. C. Baranda BJP
31 Modasa Bhikhusinh Parmar BJP
32 Bayad Dhavalsinh Zala Independent
Sabarkantha District
33 Prantij Gajendrasinh Parmar BJP
Gandhinagar District
34 Dahegam Balrajsinh Chauhan BJP
35 Gandhinagar South Alpesh Thakor BJP
36 Gandhinagar North Ritaben Patel BJP
37 Mansa Jayantibhai Patel BJP
38 Kalol (Gandhinagar) Laxmanji Thakor BJP
Ahemedabad District
39 Viramgam Hardik Patel BJP
40 Sanand Kanubhai Patel BJP
41 Ghatlodia Bhupendrabhai Patel BJP CM designate[7]
42 Vejalpur Amit Thaker BJP
43 Vatva Babusinh Jadav BJP
44 Ellisbridge Amit Shah BJP
45 Naranpura Jitu Bhagat BJP
46 Nikol Jagdish Vishwakarma BJP
47 Naroda Payal Kukrani BJP
48 Thakkarbapa Nagar Kanchanben Radadiya BJP
49 Bapunagar Dineshsinh Kushwaha BJP
50 Amraiwadi Dr. Hasmukh Patel BJP
51 Dariapur Kaushik Jain BJP
52 Jamalpur-Khadiya Imran Khedavala INC
53 Maninagar Amul Bhatt BJP
54 Danilimda (SC) Shailesh Parmar INC
55 Sabarmati Harshad Patel BJP
56 Asarwa (SC) Darshana Vaghela BJP
57 Daskroi Babubhai Patel BJP
58 Dholka Kiritsinh Dabhi BJP
59 Dhandhuka Kalubhai Dabhi BJP
Surendranagar District
60 Dasada (SC) P. K. Parmar BJP
61 Limdi Kiritsinh Rana BJP
62 Wadhwan Jagdish Makwana BJP
63 Chotila Shamabhai Chauhan BJP
64 Dhangadhra Prkashbhai Varmora BJP
Morbi District
65 Morbi Kantilal Amrutiya BJP
66 Tankara Durlabhbhai Dethariya BJP
67 Wankaner Jitendra Somani BJP
Rajkot District
68 Rajkot East Uday Kangad BJP
69 Rajkot West Dr. Darshita Shah BJP
70 Rajkot South Rameshbhai Tilala BJP
71 Rajkot Rural (SC) Bhanuben Babariya BJP
72 Jasdan Kunwarjibhai Bavaliya BJP
73 Gondal Geetaba Jadeja BJP
74 Jetpur (Rajkot) Jayesh Radadiya BJP
75 Dhoraji Dr. Mahendrabhai Padaliya BJP
Jamnagar District
76 Kalavad (SC) Meghjibhai Chavda BJP
77 Jamnagar Rural Raghavjibhai Patel BJP
78 Jamnagar North Rivaba Jadeja BJP
79 Jamnagar South Divyeshbhai Akbari BJP
80 Jamjodhpur Hemantbhai Ahir AAP
Devbhoomi District
81 Khambhaliya Mulubhai Bera BJP
82 Dwarka Pabubha Manek BJP
Porbandar District
83 Porbandar Arjun Modhwadia INC
84 Kutiyana Kandhal Jadeja SP
Junagarh District
85 Manavadar Arvindbhai Ladani INC
86 Junagadh Sanjay Koradiya BJP
87 Visavadar Bhupendra Bhayani AAP
88 Keshod Devabhai Malam BJP
89 Mangrol (Junagadh) Bhgwanjibhai Kargatiya BJP
Gir Somnath District
90 Somnath Vimalbhai Chudasama INC
91 Talala Bhagabhai Barad BJP
92 Kodinar (SC) Pradyuman Vaja BJP
93 Una Kalubhai Rathod BJP
Amreli District
94 Dhari Jaysukhbhai Kakdiya BJP
95 Amreli Kaushik Vekariya BJP
96 Lathi Janakbhai Talaviya BJP
97 Savarkundla Mahesh Kasvala BJP
98 Rajula Hirabhai Solanki BJP
Bhavnagar District
99 Mahuva (Bhavnagar) Shivbhai Gohil BJP
100 Talaja Gutambhai Chauhan BJP
101 Gariadhar Sudhir Vaghani AAP
102 Palitana Bhikhabhai Baraiya BJP
103 Bhavnagar Rural Parshottambhai Solanki BJP
104 Bhavnagar East Sejalben Pandya BJP
105 Bhavnagar West Jitendra Vaghani BJP
Botad District
106 Gadhada (SC) Mahant Tundiya BJP
107 Botad Umeshbhai Makwana AAP
Anand District
108 Khambhat Chirag Patel INC
109 Borsad Ramanbhai Solanki BJP
110 Anklav Amit Chavda INC
111 Umreth Govindbhai Parmar BJP
112 Anand Yogesh Patel BJP
113 Petlad Kamlesh Patel BJP
114 Sojitra Vipul Patel BJP
Kheda District
115 Matar Kalpeshbhai Parmar BJP
116 Nadiad Pankajbhai Desai BJP
117 Mehmedabad Arjunsinh Chauhan BJP
118 Mahudha Sanjaysinh Mahida BJP
119 Thasra Yogendrasinh Parmar BJP
120 Kapadvanj Rajeshkumar Zala BJP
121 Balasinor Mansinh Chauhan BJP
Mahisagar District
122 Lunawada Gulabsinh Chauhan INC
123 Santrampur (ST) Dr. Kuberbhai Dindor BJP
Panchmahal District
124 Shehra Jethabhai Ahir BJP
125 Morva Hadaf (ST) Nimishaben Suthar BJP
126 Godhra C. K. Raulji BJP
127 Kalol (Panchmahal) Fatehsinh Chauhan BJP
128 Halol Jaydrathsinhji Parmar BJP
Dahod District
129 Fatepura (ST) Rameshbhai Katara BJP
130 Jhalod (ST) Maheshbhai Bhuriya BJP
131 Limkheda (ST) Shaileshbhai Bahbhor BJP
132 Dahod (ST) Kanaiyalal Kishori BJP
133 Garbada (ST) Mahendrabhai Bhabhor BJP
134 Devgadhbariya Bachubhai Khabad BJP
Vadodara District
135 Savli Ketan Inamdar BJP
136 Vaghodiya Dharmendrasinh Vaghela Independent
Chhota Udaipur District
137 Chhota Udaipur (ST) Rajendrasinh Rathwa BJP
138 Jetpur (Chhota Udaipur) (ST) Jayantibhai Rathwa BJP
139 Sankheda (ST) Abhesinh Tadvi BJP
Vadodara District
140 Dabhoi Shailesh Mehta BJP
141 Vadodara City (SC) Manisha Vakil BJP
142 Sayajigunj Keyur Rokadiya BJP
143 Akota Chaitanya Desai BJP
144 Raopura Balkrushna Shukla BJP
145 Manjalpur Yogesh Patel BJP
146 Padra Chaitanyasinh Zala BJP
147 Karjan Akshay Patel BJP
Narmada District
148 Nandod (ST) Dr. Darshana Deshmukh (Vasava) BJP
149 Dediapada (ST) Chaitarbhai Vasava AAP
Bharuch District
150 Jambusar Devkishordas Swami BJP
151 Vagra Arunsinh Rana BJP
152 Jhagadiya (ST) Ritesh Vasava BJP
153 Bharuch Rameshbhai Mistry BJP
154 Ankleshwar Ishwarsinh Patel BJP
Surat District
155 Olpad Mukesh Patel BJP
156 Mangrol (Surat) (ST) Ganpat Vasava BJP
157 Mandvi (Surat) (ST) Kunvarjibhai Halpati BJP
158 Kamrej Prafulbhai Pansheriya BJP
159 Surat East Arvind Rana BJP
160 Surat North Kantibhai Balar BJP
161 Varachha Road Kishore Kanani BJP
162 Karanj Pravinbhai Ghoghari BJP
163 Limbayat Sangita Patil BJP
164 Udhana Manubhai Patel BJP
165 Majura Harsh Sanghavi BJP
166 Katargam Vinodbhai Moradiya BJP
167 Surat West Purnesh Modi BJP
168 Choryasi Sandip Desai BJP
169 Bardoli (SC) Ishwarbhai Patmar BJP
170 Mahuva (Surat) (ST) Mohanbhai Dhodia BJP
Tapi District
171 Vyara (ST) Mohanbhai Konkani BJP
172 Nizar (ST) Dr. Jairam Gamit BJP
Dang District
173 Dangs (ST) Vijaybhai Patel BJP
Navsari District
174 Jalalpore R. C. Patel BJP
175 Navsari Rakesh Desai BJP
176 Gandevi (ST) Naresh Patel BJP
177 Vansda (ST) Anant Patel INC
Valsad District
178 Dharampur (ST) Arvindbhai Patel BJP
179 Valsad Bharatbhai Patel BJP
180 Pardi Kanubhai Desai BJP
181 Kaprada (ST) Jitubhai Chaudhary BJP
182 Umbergaon (ST) Ramanlal Patkar BJP

See also

References

Gujarat Assembly Elections - Nav Bharat Times

  1. ^ a b c d e f Kalia, Ravi (2004). Gandhinagar: Building National Identity in Postcolonial India. University of South Carolina Press. pp. 26, 33, 36, 37, 115. ISBN 9781570035449.
  2. ^ a b c d "Gujarat Vidhan Sabha". Gujarat Vidhan Sabha. Archived from the original on 18 December 2012. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Gujarat: Vala resigns as speaker to be made speaker". Daily News and Analysis. 23 January 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
  4. ^ Balan, Premal (23 January 2013). "Vaju Vala unanimously elected new speaker of Gujarat Assembly". Business Standard. Gandhinagar. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
  5. ^ "Vajubhai Rudabhai Vala to take oath as Karnataka Guv on Sept 1". One India News. 30 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  6. ^ "Ramanlal Vora elected unopposed new Speaker of Gujarat Assembly". Business Standard News. 22 August 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Bhupendra Patel named Gujarat CM again". news.abplive.com. Retrieved 10 December 2022.