Gujarat Legislative Assembly
15th Gujarat Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
State Emblem of Gujarat
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
History
Founded1 May 1960 (64 years ago) (1960-05-01)
Preceded byBombay Legislative Assembly
Leadership
Shankar Chaudhary, BJP
since 20 December 2022[3]
Deputy Speaker
Jethabhai Ahir, BJP
since 20 December 2022[4]
Bhupendrabhai Patel, BJP
since 13 September 2021
Vacant[1][2]
Structure
Seats182
Political groups
Government (165)
  NDA (163)

Opposition (17)

  INDIA (17)

Vacant (2)

  Vacant (2)
Elections
First past the post
Last election
1 and 5 December 2022
Next election
2027
Meeting place
23°13′9″N 72°39′25″E / 23.21917°N 72.65694°E / 23.21917; 72.65694
Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan, Gujarat Vidhan Sabha, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
Website
www.gujaratassembly.gov.in

The Gujarat Legislative Assembly or Gujarat Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Gujarat, in the state capital Gandhinagar. Presently, 182 members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected from single-member constituencies (seats). It has a term of 5 years unless it is dissolved sooner. 13 constituencies are reserved for scheduled castes and 27 constituencies for scheduled tribes. From its majority party group or by way of a grand coalition cabinet of its prominent members, the state's Executive namely the Government of Gujarat is formed.

Since 1995, the Gujarat Legislative Assembly has been controlled by the Bharatiya Janata Party with an absolute majority in the House.

History

Bhavsinhji Gohil, ruler of Bhavnagar State, established The Peoples' Representative Assembly consisting of 38 members appointed by him. His succeeding son, Krishnakumar Sinhji, formed the Bhavnagar legislative assembly in 1941 having 55 members, consisting of 33 elected members, 16 nominated members by him and 6 ex-officio members. They had power to ask questions, move resolutions, discuss the budget and introduce bills in the assembly. This assembly used to meet at least twice in a year. Porbandar state assembly had same powers. Sayajirao Gaekwad III, ruler of Baroda State, had formed the Baroda legislative assembly in 1908.[5]

Since 1921, representatives were elected by the people of that area of the present Gujarat state except the princely states, and sent to the Bombay State legislative assembly. In 1952, Saurashtra State legislative assembly was constituted after the independence of India. It was functional till 31 October 1956. Saurashtra State was merged into the Bombay State under the States Reorganization Act, 1956.[5]

On 1 May 1960, the Bombay State was bifurcated into Gujarat and Maharashtra states which resulted in formation of Gujarat legislative assembly. The 132 members of the former Bombay legislative assembly, elected from the territorial constituencies of Gujarat, formed the first Gujarat legislative assembly. The number of the members was increased to 154 in 1962, 168 in 1967 and 182 in 1975.[5]

Location

After formation of Gujarat state in 1960, Ahmedabad was a capital of the state. The Assembly started functioning from the present day OPD building of Ahmedabad Civil Hospital. The new capital city, Gandhinagar was built in 1971. Later assembly was shifted to Central Library building, sector-17, Gandhinagar on 11 February 1971. The new assembly building, Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan, was completed and inaugurated in 1982. Since then the Gujarat legislative assembly functions there.[5]

Building

President Neelam Sanjiva Reddy laid foundation stone of new assembly building, Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan on 20 March 1978. It was designed by H. K. Mewada, chief planner of Gandhinagar. The construction was completed in July 1982 and it is named after Vithalbhai Patel, the first Indian speaker of Central Legislative Assembly during the British period. It was inaugurated by the Governor Sharda Mukherjee on 8 July 1982.[5]

It is constructed with Reinforced concrete and the outer walls of the building is affixed with Dholpur light pink stones. The building is constructed on the 133 square metre platform amid a water pool having diameter of 200 metres. This central building was linked with the Ministerial Secretariat by bridges formerly but now new buildings are constructed in between known as Swarnim Sankul. The building is 33.45 metres high including its octagonal dome. The constructed area of building is 8100 square metres while the total built up area of square platform is 17689 square metres. It has four floors with total built up area of 43350 square metres or total carpet area of 16180 square metres. The entrance of the building is reached by a flight of steps.[6]

The Assembly hall is situated on the second floor. It is octagonal from inside. The octagonal roof is supported by eight V-shaped pillars and one pillar in the centre. These pillars tapers and forms octagonal dome on the hall. There is an arrangement of white floodlights on the top. The hall has a capacity of 232 seats though currently the assembly has only 182 elected members. The hall is viewed from the galleries on the third floor which has a capacity of 564 seats.[6]

There is a podium just under the Assembly hall which is used for ceremonies and functions. The downward floor of the Assembly hall makes an umbrella-like roof of the podium. The podium has some personal belongings of Mahatma Gandhi and Vallabhbhai Patel on display. There are oil paintings of several national leaders, independence activists and personalities on its walls.[6]

It was constructed at the cost of 6 crore.[6] The assembly building along with other government offices is in Sector 10 of Gandhinagar, a capitol complex spanning 370 acres.[5]

Structure

See also: List of constituencies of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly

At present, 13 constituencies are reserved for candidates of the Scheduled Castes, and 27 constituencies are reserved for candidates of the Scheduled tribes.

Members of Legislative Assembly

This section is transcluded from 15th Gujarat Assembly. (edit | history)

District No. Constituency Name Party Remarks
Kutch 1 Abdasa Pradhyumansinh Jadeja Bharatiya Janata Party
2 Mandvi (Kachchh) Aniruddha Dave Bharatiya Janata Party
3 Bhuj Keshubhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
4 Anjar Trikam Chhanga Bharatiya Janata Party
5 Gandhidham (SC) Malti Maheshwari Bharatiya Janata Party
6 Rapar Virendrasinh Jadeja Bharatiya Janata Party
Banaskantha 7 Vav Geniben Thakor Indian National Congress
Vacant
8 Tharad Shankarbhai Chaudhary Bharatiya Janata Party Speaker[7]
9 Dhanera Mavjibhai Desai Independent
10 Danta (ST) Kantibhai Kharadi Indian National Congress
11 Vadgam (SC) Jignesh Mevani Indian National Congress
12 Palanpur Aniket Thaker Bharatiya Janata Party
13 Deesa Pravin Mali Bharatiya Janata Party
14 Deodar Keshaji Chauhan Bharatiya Janata Party
15 Kankrej Amrutji Thakor Indian National Congress
Patan 16 Radhanpur Lavingji Solanki Bharatiya Janata Party
17 Chanasma Dineshbhai Thakor Indian National Congress
18 Patan Kirit Patel Indian National Congress
19 Sidhpur Balvantsinh Rajput Bharatiya Janata Party Cabinet Minister
Mehsana 20 Kheralu Sardarbhai Chaudhary Bharatiya Janata Party
21 Unjha K. K. Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
22 Visnagar Rushikesh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party Cabinet Minister
23 Bechraji Sukhaji Thakor Bharatiya Janata Party
24 Kadi (SC) Karsanbhai Solanki Bharatiya Janata Party
25 Mahesana Mukesh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
26 Vijapur C. J. Chavda Indian National Congress Resigned on 19 January 2024 [8]
Bharatiya Janata Party Elected on 04 June 2024
Sabarkantha 27 Himatnagar VinendraSinh Zala (V D Zala) Bharatiya Janata Party
28 Idar (SC) Ramanlal Vora Bharatiya Janata Party
29 Khedbrahma (ST) Dr. Tushar Chaudhary Indian National Congress
Aravalli 30 Bhiloda (ST) PunamChand Baranda Bharatiya Janata Party
31 Modasa Bhikhusinh Parmar Bharatiya Janata Party MoS
32 Bayad Dhavalsinh Zala Independent
Sabarkantha 33 Prantij Gajendrasinh Parmar Bharatiya Janata Party
Gandhinagar 34 Dahegam Balrajsinh Chauhan Bharatiya Janata Party
35 Gandhinagar South Alpesh Thakor Bharatiya Janata Party
36 Gandhinagar North Ritaben Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
37 Mansa Jayantibhai Patel (J S Patel) Bharatiya Janata Party
38 Kalol (Gandhinagar) Laxmanji Thakor Bharatiya Janata Party
Ahmedabad 39 Viramgam Hardik Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
40 Sanand Kanubhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
41 Ghatlodia Bhupendrabhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party Chief Minister [9]
42 Vejalpur Amit Thaker Bharatiya Janata Party
43 Vatva Babusinh Jadav Bharatiya Janata Party
44 Ellisbridge Amit Shah Bharatiya Janata Party
45 Naranpura Jitu Bhagat Bharatiya Janata Party
46 Nikol Jagdish Vishwakarma Bharatiya Janata Party MoS(I/C)
47 Naroda Payal Kukrani Bharatiya Janata Party
48 Thakkarbapa Nagar Kanchanben Radadiya Bharatiya Janata Party
49 Bapunagar Dineshsinh Kushwaha Bharatiya Janata Party
50 Amraiwadi Dr. Hasmukh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
51 Dariapur Kaushik Jain Bharatiya Janata Party
52 Jamalpur-Khadiya Imran Khedavala Indian National Congress
53 Maninagar Amul Bhatt Bharatiya Janata Party
54 Danilimda (SC) Shailesh Parmar Indian National Congress
55 Sabarmati Harshad Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
56 Asarwa (SC) Darshana Vaghela Bharatiya Janata Party
57 Daskroi Babubhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
58 Dholka Kiritsinh Dabhi Bharatiya Janata Party
59 Dhandhuka Kalubhai Rupabhai Dabhi Bharatiya Janata Party
Surendranagar 60 Dasada (SC) P. K. Parmar Bharatiya Janata Party
61 Limdi Kiritsinh Jitubha Rana Bharatiya Janata Party
62 Wadhwan Jagdish Makwana Bharatiya Janata Party
63 Chotila Shamabhai Chauhan Bharatiya Janata Party
64 Dhangadhra Prakashbhai Varmora Bharatiya Janata Party
Morbi 65 Morbi Kantilal Amrutiya Bharatiya Janata Party
66 Tankara Durlabhbhai Dethariya Bharatiya Janata Party
67 Wankaner Jitendra Somani Bharatiya Janata Party
Rajkot 68 Rajkot East Uday Kangad Bharatiya Janata Party
69 Rajkot West Dr. Darshita Shah Bharatiya Janata Party
70 Rajkot South Rameshbhai Tilala Bharatiya Janata Party
71 Rajkot Rural (SC) Bhanuben Babariya Bharatiya Janata Party Cabinet Minister
72 Jasdan Kunwarjibhai Bavaliya Bharatiya Janata Party Cabinet Minister
73 Gondal Geetaba Jadeja Bharatiya Janata Party
74 Jetpur (Rajkot) Jayesh Radadiya Bharatiya Janata Party
75 Dhoraji Dr. Mahendrabhai Padaliya Bharatiya Janata Party
Jamnagar 76 Kalavad (SC) Meghjibhai Chavda Bharatiya Janata Party
77 Jamnagar Rural Raghavjibhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party Cabinet Minister
78 Jamnagar North Rivaba Jadeja Bharatiya Janata Party
79 Jamnagar South Divyeshbhai Akbari Bharatiya Janata Party
80 Jamjodhpur Hemant Khava Aam Aadmi Party AAP Deputy LP Leader
Devbhoomi Dwarka 81 Khambhaliya Mulubhai Bera Bharatiya Janata Party MoS
82 Dwarka Pabubha Manek Bharatiya Janata Party
Porbandar 83 Porbandar Arjun Modhwadia Indian National Congress Resigned on 4 March 2024[10]
Bharatiya Janata Party Elected on 04 June 2024
84 Kutiyana Kandhal Jadeja Samajwadi Party SP LP Leader
Junagarh 85 Manavadar Arvindbhai Ladani Indian National Congress Resigned on 06 March 2024
Bharatiya Janata Party Elected on 04 June 2024
86 Junagadh Sanjay Koradiya Bharatiya Janata Party
87 Visavadar Bhupendra Bhayani Aam Aadmi Party Resigned on 13 December 2023[11]
Vacant
88 Keshod Devabhai Malam Bharatiya Janata Party
89 Mangrol (Junagadh) Bhgwanjibhai Kargatiya Bharatiya Janata Party
Gir Somnath 90 Somnath Vimalbhai Chudasama Indian National Congress
91 Talala Bhagabhai Barad Bharatiya Janata Party
92 Kodinar (SC) Pradyuman Vaja Bharatiya Janata Party
93 Una Kalubhai Rathod Bharatiya Janata Party
Amreli 94 Dhari Jaysukhbhai Kakdiya Bharatiya Janata Party
95 Amreli Kaushik Vekariya Bharatiya Janata Party
96 Lathi Janakbhai Talaviya Bharatiya Janata Party
97 Savarkundla Mahesh Kasvala Bharatiya Janata Party
98 Rajula Hirabhai Solanki Bharatiya Janata Party
Bhavnagar 99 Mahuva (Bhavnagar) Shivabhai Gohil Bharatiya Janata Party
100 Talaja Gutambhai Chauhan Bharatiya Janata Party
101 Gariadhar Sudhir Vaghani Aam Aadmi Party
102 Palitana Bhikhabhai Baraiya Bharatiya Janata Party
103 Bhavnagar Rural Parshottambhai Solanki Bharatiya Janata Party MoS
104 Bhavnagar East Sejalben Pandya Bharatiya Janata Party
105 Bhavnagar West Jitendra Vaghani Bharatiya Janata Party
Botad 106 Gadhada (SC) Mahant Tundiya Bharatiya Janata Party
107 Botad Umeshbhai Makwana Aam Aadmi Party
Anand 108 Khambhat Chirag Patel Indian National Congress Resigned on 19 December 2023[12]
Bharatiya Janata Party Elected on 04 June 2024
109 Borsad Ramanbhai Solanki Bharatiya Janata Party
110 Anklav Amit Chavda Indian National Congress CLP Leader
111 Umreth Govindbhai Parmar Bharatiya Janata Party
112 Anand Yogesh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
113 Petlad Kamlesh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
114 Sojitra Vipul Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
Kheda 115 Matar Kalpeshbhai Parmar Bharatiya Janata Party
116 Nadiad Pankajbhai Desai Bharatiya Janata Party
117 Mehmedabad Arjunsinh Chauhan Bharatiya Janata Party
118 Mahudha Sanjaysinh Mahida Bharatiya Janata Party
119 Thasra Yogendrasinh Parmar Bharatiya Janata Party
120 Kapadvanj Rajeshkumar Zala Bharatiya Janata Party
121 Balasinor Mansinh Chauhan Bharatiya Janata Party
Mahisagar 122 Lunawada Gulabsinh Chauhan Indian National Congress
123 Santrampur (ST) Dr. Kuberbhai Dindor Bharatiya Janata Party

MoS

Panchmahal 124 Shehra Jethabhai Ahir Bharatiya Janata Party Deputy Speaker[13]
125 Morva Hadaf (ST) Nimishaben Suthar Bharatiya Janata Party
126 Godhra C. K. Raulji Bharatiya Janata Party
127 Kalol (Panchmahal) Fatehsinh Chauhan Bharatiya Janata Party
128 Halol Jaydrathsinhji Parmar Bharatiya Janata Party
Dahod 129 Fatepura (ST) Rameshbhai Katara Bharatiya Janata Party
130 Jhalod (ST) Maheshbhai Bhuriya Bharatiya Janata Party
131 Limkheda (ST) Shaileshbhai Bhabhor Bharatiya Janata Party
132 Dahod (ST) Kanaiyalal Kishori Bharatiya Janata Party
133 Garbada (ST) Mahendrabhai Bhabhor Bharatiya Janata Party
134 Devgadhbariya Bachubhai Khabad Bharatiya Janata Party
Vadodara 135 Savli Ketan Inamdar Bharatiya Janata Party
136 Vaghodiya Dharmendrasinh Vaghela Independent Resigned on 24 January 2024[14]
Bharatiya Janata Party Elected on 04 June 2024
Chhota Udaipur District 137 Chhota Udaipur (ST) Rajendrasinh Rathwa Bharatiya Janata Party
138 Jetpur (Chhota Udaipur) (ST) Jayantibhai Rathwa Bharatiya Janata Party
139 Sankheda (ST) Abhesinh Tadvi Bharatiya Janata Party
Vadodara 140 Dabhoi Shailesh Mehta Bharatiya Janata Party
141 Vadodara City (SC) Manisha Vakil Bharatiya Janata Party
142 Sayajigunj Keyur Rokadiya Bharatiya Janata Party
143 Akota Chaitanya Desai Bharatiya Janata Party
144 Raopura Balkrushna Shukla Bharatiya Janata Party
145 Manjalpur Yogesh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
146 Padra Chaitanyasinh Zala Bharatiya Janata Party
147 Karjan Akshay Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
Narmada 148 Nandod (ST) Dr. Darshana Deshmukh (Vasava) Bharatiya Janata Party
149 Dediapada (ST) Chaitar Vasava Aam Aadmi Party AAP LP Leader
Bharuch District 150 Jambusar Devkishordas Swami Bharatiya Janata Party
151 Vagra Arunsinh Rana Bharatiya Janata Party
152 Jhagadiya (ST) Ritesh Vasava Bharatiya Janata Party
153 Bharuch Rameshbhai Mistry Bharatiya Janata Party
154 Ankleshwar Ishwarsinh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
Surat 155 Olpad Mukesh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party MoS
156 Mangrol (Surat) (ST) Ganpat Vasava Bharatiya Janata Party
157 Mandvi (Surat) (ST) Kunvarjibhai Halpati Bharatiya Janata Party MoS
158 Kamrej Prafulbhai Pansheriya Bharatiya Janata Party MoS
159 Surat East Arvind Rana Bharatiya Janata Party
160 Surat North Kantibhai Balar Bharatiya Janata Party
161 Varachha Road Kishore Kanani Bharatiya Janata Party
162 Karanj Pravinbhai Ghoghari Bharatiya Janata Party
163 Limbayat Sangita Patil Bharatiya Janata Party
164 Udhana Manubhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
165 Majura Harsh Sanghavi Bharatiya Janata Party MoS(I/C)
166 Katargam Vinodbhai Moradiya Bharatiya Janata Party
167 Surat West Purnesh Modi Bharatiya Janata Party
168 Choryasi Sandip Desai Bharatiya Janata Party
169 Bardoli (SC) Ishwarbhai Parmar Bharatiya Janata Party
170 Mahuva (Surat) (ST) Mohanbhai Dhodia Bharatiya Janata Party
Tapi 171 Vyara (ST) Mohanbhai Konkani Bharatiya Janata Party
172 Nizar (ST) Dr. Jairam Gamit Bharatiya Janata Party
Dang 173 Dangs (ST) Vijaybhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
Navsari 174 Jalalpore R. C. Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
175 Navsari Rakesh Desai Bharatiya Janata Party
176 Gandevi (ST) Naresh Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
177 Vansda (ST) Anant Patel Indian National Congress
Valsad 178 Dharampur (ST) Arvindbhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
179 Valsad Bharatbhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
180 Pardi Kanubhai Desai Bharatiya Janata Party Cabinet Minister
181 Kaprada (ST) Jitubhai Chaudhary Bharatiya Janata Party
182 Umbergaon (ST) Ramanlal Patkar Bharatiya Janata Party

See also

References

Gujarat Assembly Elections - Nav Bharat Times

  1. ^ https://gujarat.neva.gov.in/ [bare URL]
  2. ^ Bureau, The Hindu (17 January 2023). "Amit Chavda named CLP leader in Gujarat". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 18 January 2023.
  3. ^ Shankar Chaudhary appointed as Gujarat Legislative Assembly Speaker, 20 December 2022
  4. ^ Jethabhai Ahir appointed as Gujarat Legislative Assembly Deputy Speaker, 20 December 2022
  5. ^ a b c d e f Kalia, Ravi (2004). Gandhinagar: Building National Identity in Postcolonial India. University of South Carolina Press. pp. 26, 33, 36, 37, 115. ISBN 9781570035449. Archived from the original on 9 October 2023. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d "Gujarat Vidhan Sabha". Gujarat Vidhan Sabha. Archived from the original on 18 December 2012. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  7. ^ PTI (15 December 2022). "Gujarat's former State minister Shankar Chaudhary set to become next Assembly Speaker". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
  8. ^ "Gujarat Congress MLA C J Chavda resigns, likely to join BJP". The Indian Express. Retrieved 19 January 2024.
  9. ^ "Bhupendra Patel named Gujarat CM again". news.abplive.com. Retrieved 10 December 2022.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Arjun Modhwadia, Congress leader resigns from Gujarat Assembly, likely to join BJP". IndiaTV. Retrieved 4 March 2024.
  11. ^ "Gujarat AAP MLA Bhupendra Bhayani resigns, set to join BJP". The Hindu. 13 December 2023. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 14 December 2023.
  12. ^ "Khambhat Congress MLA Chirag Patel resigns". DeshGujarat. 19 December 2023. Retrieved 19 December 2023.
  13. ^ PTI (15 December 2022). "Gujarat's former State minister Shankar Chaudhary set to become next Assembly Speaker". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
  14. ^ "Gujarat : Independent MLA Dharmendrasinh Vaghela Joins BJP Ahead Of Lok Sabha Elections". The Blunt Times. Retrieved 24 January 2024.