Gulzar Houz
Year1592; 432 years ago (1592)
TypeFountain
Dimensions312 m (1,024 ft)
LocationHyderabad, Telangana, India
Coordinates17°21′48″N 78°28′30″E / 17.36333°N 78.47500°E / 17.36333; 78.47500
OwnerGovernment of Telangana

Gulzar Houz is a historical fountain located in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. It is located near Charminar. The fountain is in the middle of the road between Charminar and Madina building.[1]

Gulzar Houz, before restoration
Gulzar Houz, circa 1880

The area between the four arches of Charkaman was a vast square called Jilu Khana or the Guard's Square. In the centre of the square was the Char-Su-Ka-Hauz (the cistern of four cardinal points). This was later known as "Suka-Hauz" and now Gulzar Houz. This was built 350 feet equidistant from the four kamaans surrounding it. Initially it was 12 sided then it turned octagonal and today it looks almost circular.[2] It was an octagonal shaped water reservoir made for quenching the thirst of the Nizam's soldiers.[3] At that time, there were four streams flowing from this fountain, dividing each of the Radial roads into two halves.[4] It was constructed by Mir Momin Astarabadi , the first prime minister under Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah (5th Sultan of Qutb shahi dynasty) around 400 years ago.[5]

It was refurbished and reopened in the year 2023.[6]

References

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  1. ^ Haig, Sir Wolseley (1907). Historic Landmarks of the Deccan. Printed at the Pioneer Press. pp. 211.
  2. ^ Venu, T. P. (4 July 2020). "Hyderabad: Famed Gulzar Houz springs back to life". www.thehansindia.com.
  3. ^ "Glory of the gates". The Hindu. 10 March 2004. Archived from the original on 1 February 2005. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  4. ^ "What is Gulzar Houz? Here are 6 Interesting Facts of Gulzar Houz". exploretelangana. 18 June 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Gulzar Houz gets a delayed facelift". Deccan Chronicle. 2 July 2016.
  6. ^ "Renovated Gulzar Houz fountain inaugurated - the New Indian Express".