Gury Marchuk
Гурий Марчук
Marchuk in 2012
Born(1925-06-08)8 June 1925
Petro-Khersonets, Orenburg Governorate, USSR
Died24 March 2013(2013-03-24) (aged 87)
Moscow, Russia
Alma materLeningrad State University
AwardsLomonosov Gold Medal (2004)

Gury Ivanovich Marchuk (Russian: Гурий Иванович Марчук; 8 June 1925 – 24 March 2013) was a Soviet and Russian scientist in the fields of computational mathematics, and physics of atmosphere.[1] Academician (since 1968); the President of the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1986–1991. Among his notable prizes are the USSR State Prize (1979), Demidov Prize (2004), Lomonosov Gold Medal (2004).

Marchuk was born in Orenburg Oblast, Russia. A member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union since 1947, Academician Marchuk was elected to the Central Committee of the Party as a candidate member in 1976 and as a full member in 1981.[2] He was elected as deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1979.[2] He was appointed to succeed Vladimir Kirillin as chairman of the State Committee for Science and Technology (GKNT) in 1980.[3]

Marchuk was a proponent of the Integrated Long-Term Programme (ILTP) of Cooperation in Science & Technology that was established in 1987 as a scientific cooperative venture between India and the Soviet Union. The programme allowed the scientists of the countries to collaboratively undertake research in areas as diverse as healthcare and lasers. Marchuk co-chaired the programme's Joint Council with Prof. C.N.R. Rao for 25 years and was made an honorary member of India's National Academy of Sciences.[4] In 2002, the Government of India conferred the Padma Bhushan on him.[5]

Honours and awards


  1. ^ ИТАР-ТАСС : Скончался академик Гурий Марчук, последний президент Академии наук СССР (in Russian). 2013-02-13. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  2. ^ a b Burke, Peter (Ed.) (1988). The Nuclear Weapons World: Who, How & Where. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. p. 155. ISBN 978-0-313-26590-7.
  3. ^ Paul (1980). "Kosygin pushed further into background". Christian Science Monitor (4 February 1980). ISSN 0882-7729. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  4. ^ "Marchuk, an architect of Indo-Russian scientific collaboration". The Hindu. 26 March 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  5. ^ "Padma Vibhushan for Rangarajan, Soli Sorabjee". The Hindu. January 26, 2002. Archived from the original on July 19, 2009. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  6. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 15, 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  7. ^ "Vilhelm Bjerknes Medal 2008: Guri I. Marchuk". European Geosciences Union. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
Academic offices Preceded byAnatoly Alexandrov President of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR 1986–1991 Succeeded byYury Osipov Preceded byVladimir Kirillin Chairman of the State Committee for Science and Technology (GKNT) 1980–1987 Succeeded byBoris Tolstykh