Guyanese Creole
Native toGuyana
Native speakers
643,000 in Guyana (2021)[1]
68,000 in Suriname (2018)[1]
English Creole
  • Atlantic
    • Eastern
      • Southern
        • Guyanese Creole
Language codes
ISO 639-3gyn
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Guyanese English Creole (Creolese by its speakers or simply Guyanese) is an English-based creole language spoken by the Guyanese people. Linguistically, it is similar to other English dialects of the Caribbean region, based on 19th-century English and has loan words from West African, Indian-South Asian, Arawakan, and older Dutch languages.[2]

Varieties and influences

There are many sub-dialects of Guyanese Creole based on geographical location, urban – rural location, and race of the speakers. For example, along the Rupununi River, where the population is largely Amerindian, a distinct form of Guyanese Creole exists. The Georgetown (capital city) urban area has a distinct accent, while within a forty-five-minute drive away from this area the dialect/accent changes again, especially if following the coast where rural villages are located.

WIKITONGUES- Sandra speaking English and Guyanese Creole

As with other Caribbean languages, words and phrases are very elastic, and new ones can be made up, changed or evolve within a short period. They can also be used within a very small group, until picked up by a larger community. Ethnic groups are also known to alter or include words from their own backgrounds.

A socially stratified creole speech continuum also exists between Guyanese English and Standard / British English. Speech by members of the upper classes is phonetically closest to British and American English, whereas speech by members of the lower classes most closely resembles other Caribbean English dialects. A phrase such as "I told him" may be pronounced in various parts of the continuum:

Utterance Represents the speech of
[ai tɔuld hɪm] acrolect speech of upper-class speakers
[ai toːld hɪm] mesolect varieties of speech of middle-class speakers
[ai toːl ɪm] mesolect varieties of lower-middle and urban class speakers
[ai tɛl ɪm]
[a tɛl ɪm]
[ai tɛl ɪ]
[a tɛl i]
[mi tɛl i] rural working class
[mi tɛl am] basilect speech of illiterate rural laborers


It is common in Guyanese Creole to repeat adjectives and adverbs for emphasis (the equivalent of adding "very" or "extremely" in standard British and American English). For example, "Dis wata de col col" translates into "This water is very cold". "Come now now" translates into "Come right now."


There are several phonological markers that are present in Guyanese Creole:[2]

Sample words and phrases

The following phrases are written as they are pronounced:

See also


  1. ^ a b Guyanese Creole at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022) Closed access icon
  2. ^ a b "Guyanese Creole Survey Report David J. Holbrook and Holly A. Holbrook SIL International 2001". Retrieved 2020-04-03.
  3. ^ Escure, Geneviève (1999). "The Pragmaticization of Past in Creoles". American Speech. 74 (2): 165–202. ISSN 0003-1283. JSTOR 455577.
  4. ^ a b Gibson, Kean (1988). "The Habitual Category in Guyanese and Jamaican Creoles". American Speech. 63 (3): 195–202. doi:10.2307/454817. ISSN 0003-1283. JSTOR 454817.
  5. ^ a b Bickerton, Derek (1973). "The Nature of a Creole Continuum". Language. 49 (3): 649, 666. doi:10.2307/412355. ISSN 0097-8507. JSTOR 412355.
  6. ^ Gibson, Kean (1986). "The Ordering of Auxiliary Notions in Guyanese Creole". Language. 62 (3): 571–586. doi:10.2307/415478. ISSN 0097-8507. JSTOR 415478.
  7. ^ Edwards, Walter (1989). "Suurin, Koocharin, and Grannin in Guyana: Masked Intentions and Communication Theory". American Speech. 64 (3): 225–232. doi:10.2307/455590. ISSN 0003-1283. JSTOR 455590.