Guymon, Oklahoma
Location within Texas County and Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°40′58″N 101°28′54″W / 36.68278°N 101.48167°W / 36.68278; -101.48167Coordinates: 36°40′58″N 101°28′54″W / 36.68278°N 101.48167°W / 36.68278; -101.48167[1]
CountryUnited States
StateOklahoma
CountyTexas
Incorporated1901
Government
 • TypeCouncil–Manager
 • MayorSean Livengood
 • City ManagerMitch Wagner
Area
 • Total7.80 sq mi (20.20 km2)
 • Land7.78 sq mi (20.14 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
Elevation3,123 ft (952 m)
Population
 • Total12,965
 • Density1,662.18/sq mi (641.83/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
73942
Area code580
FIPS code40-31750[1][4]
GNIS ID1093452[1]
WebsiteGuymonOK.org

Guymon (/ˈɡmən/ GUY-mən) is a city and county seat of Texas County, in the Oklahoma Panhandle, United States.[1][5] As of the 2020 census, the city population was 12,965,[3] an increase of 13.3% from 11,442 in 2010, and represents more than half of the population of the county.[6][7] Cattle feedlots, corporate pork farms, and natural gas production dominate its economy, with wind energy production and transmission recently diversifying landowners' farms.

History

In the 1890s, Edward T. "E.T." Guymon, president of the Inter-State Land and Town Company, purchased a section of land west of the Beaver River, also known as the North Canadian River. The site grew very rapidly after the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway (Rock Island) built a line from Liberal, Kansas, to Texhoma, Texas, in 1901. A community, first named Sanford by the U.S. Post Office Department, was situated along the line. It was renamed Guymon a month later by postal officials to avoid confusion with the town of Stratford, Texas, which was further down the line. Guymon incorporated in 1901. The town plat was filed in Beaver County, Oklahoma Territory, in 1904.[6]

Guymon's growth was helped when most of the businesses moved there from the nearby town of Hardesty. One of these was the newspaper, Hardesty Herald, which owner Richard B. Quinn quickly renamed as the Guymon Herald. When Oklahoma became a state in 1907, Guymon claimed 839 residents, and was named county seat of the newly created Texas County. By the 1910 U.S. census, the town had 1,342 residents. It also had three banks, three hotels, four doctors, a flour mill, a grain company, and several retail establishments. A second newspaper, the Guymon Democrat, was in business. Agriculture became the basis of Guymon's economy. The 1920 census recorded 1,507 residents, which grew to 2,181 in 1930. By 1932, the town had two cream stations and five grain elevators.[6]

The Great Depression and the Dust Bowl of the 1930s had a negative effect on Guymon. Some old-time residents remember "Black Sunday", April 14, 1935, as the day of the worst dust storm in the area's history. However, discovery of the nearby Hugoton-Panhandle gas field created many new jobs, and brought Guymon's population to 2,290 in 1940.[6]

The Guymon Pioneer Days Rodeo has offered tributes to the community's pioneer spirit every May since 1933. In 2014, the rodeo was inducted into the ProRodeo Hall of Fame of the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association. In 2006, the rodeo had over 900 contestants with over $385,000 in prize money.[8]

Geography

Located on the High Plains of the central Oklahoma Panhandle, Guymon sits 122 miles (196 km) north of Amarillo, Texas, and 120 miles (193 km) west-northwest of Woodward. Optima National Wildlife Refuge, Optima Lake, and the state-run Optima Wildlife Management Area lie roughly 16 miles (26 km) to the east along the North Canadian River.

Guymon is located at 36°40′58″N 101°28′54″W / 36.68278°N 101.48167°W / 36.68278; -101.48167 (36.6828041,-101.4815493)[1][9] and sits at an elevation of 3,126 feet (953 m). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (18.9 km2), of which 7.3 square miles (18.9 km2) are land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2) (0.27%) is covered by water.

Climate

Climate data for Guymon, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 83
(28)
84
(29)
93
(34)
96
(36)
102
(39)
108
(42)
107
(42)
108
(42)
106
(41)
98
(37)
86
(30)
86
(30)
108
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 48
(9)
52
(11)
58
(14)
69
(21)
78
(26)
89
(32)
93
(34)
92
(33)
85
(29)
74
(23)
59
(15)
51
(11)
71
(22)
Average low °F (°C) 21
(−6)
25
(−4)
29
(−2)
41
(5)
50
(10)
61
(16)
65
(18)
65
(18)
56
(13)
44
(7)
30
(−1)
24
(−4)
43
(6)
Record low °F (°C) −19
(−28)
−11
(−24)
−7
(−22)
17
(−8)
28
(−2)
41
(5)
48
(9)
46
(8)
31
(−1)
24
(−4)
4
(−16)
0
(−18)
−19
(−28)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.5
(13)
0.9
(23)
0.8
(20)
1.7
(43)
3.1
(79)
2.5
(64)
3.5
(89)
2.8
(71)
1.9
(48)
1.8
(46)
0.8
(20)
0.6
(15)
20.9
(530)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.2
(8.1)
3.9
(9.9)
3.3
(8.4)
1
(2.5)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
1.3
(3.3)
3.5
(8.9)
16.5
(42)
Average rainy days 1.6 2.6 2.2 4.3 6.2 4.9 6.2 5.4 3.6 3.4 2 2 44.4
Average relative humidity (%) 75 71 62 67 59 58 58 54 55 61 58 73 63
Source 1: weather.com
Source 2: Weatherbase.com[10]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19101,342
19201,50712.3%
19302,18144.7%
19402,2905.0%
19504,718106.0%
19605,76822.3%
19707,67433.0%
19808,49210.7%
19907,803−8.1%
200010,47234.2%
201011,4429.3%
202012,96513.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2020 census, there were 12,965 people and 3,453 households residing in the city. The population density was 1,662 people per square mile (642/km2). There were 3,941 housing units at an average density of 539.4 per square mile (208.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city as of 2020 was 58.1% Hispanic, 29.3% non-Hispanic White, 3.6% Black, 5.6% Asian, 4.7% of two or more races, and 0.1% Native American.[3]

There were 3,453 households; the average household size was 3.28 persons. As of 2010, 39.8% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 31.3% under the age of 18 and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. 45.2% of the city's 2020 population was female.[3]

The median income for a household in the city was $53,164. The per capita income for the city was $19,455. About 24.6% of the population was below the poverty line, increasing from 14.3% in 2010.[3]

In the 2010 census, Guymon had the fourth largest Hispanic population among cities in the state, trailing only Oklahoma City, Tulsa and Lawton.[6]

Economy

Guymon is a hub for the local economy, which includes wheat farming, livestock, hog and dairy farming, manufacturing, and oil and natural gas production. A United States soil conservation station is located nearby. Local manufacturers produce agricultural tillage tools, pressure tanks, and formula feeds. The town of Goodwell, Oklahoma, home of Oklahoma Panhandle State University, lies 11 miles (18 km) to the southwest of Guymon.

Opening of the Hugoton-Panhandle Gas Field led to the establishment of two carbon black plants, the Dandee Manufacturing Company (makers of farming equipment), an ice plant, the OK Welding Manufacturing Company, a feed mill, the Phillips Petroleum cracking plant, and the Southwestern Public Service Company generating plant. The Guymon Municipal Hospital (later renamed Memorial Hospital of Texas County) opened in 1949.[6]

The city's largest employer, Seaboard pork processing plant, operates at double shift capacity and processes about 18,000 hogs each day, and its 2,300 employees make up about 20% of the entire city's population. Hitch Ranch, which began opening cattle feedlots during the 1960s, is the city's second-largest employer. A Swift and Company packing plant is located near Hitch Ranch. The City of Guymon, the Panhandle Telephone Cooperative, and the hospital round out the list of top employers.[6]

A movement to harness wind power for electricity generation began a large-scale boom in the Guymon area in 2011. The DeWind Company had two 40-megawatt projects online (near Goodwell) in 2012, joined by a 200-megawatt project in 2015.[11]

Government

Guymon has a council-manager form of government.[6] Mitch Wagner was the city manager as of February 2018.[12]

Education

Guymon residents are served by the Guymon School District. The school system was begun in 1902–3. The first high-school building was built in 1917. Guymon schools were closed for one year during the Great Depression because funds were insufficient to keep them operating. The school district opened a new high school in 1954. This was replaced with a new facility in 1974.[6]

The city has eight elementary schools, one junior high school, and one high school, whose team mascot is the Tiger.[13]

Elementary schools
Middle school
High school

More than 80% of high school students qualify for a reduced-price school lunch, a common proxy for poverty.[14]

About 30% of residents lack a high school diploma; the city has the lowest educational level in the state.[15] Guymon High School lags behind the state average in several measures.

Subject State Average Guymon HS [16]
HS graduation rate 84% 67%
English language arts 79% 65%
Math exam 74% 47%

Media

Guymon has one newspaper and four radio stations, although one is a translator.

Recreation

Infrastructure

Transportation

Guymon is served by US-54, US-64, US-412, SH-3, and SH-136, some of said roads being partially concurrent or completely concurrent with others through Guymon.[18]

Guymon Municipal Airport is a city-owned, public-use airport located two nautical miles (3.7 km) west of the central business district of Guymon.

Commercial air transport is available out of Liberal Mid-America Regional Airport in Kansas,[19] about 41 miles northeast of town.[20]

Notable people

This article's list of residents may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability policy. Please improve this article by removing names that do not have independent reliable sources showing they merit inclusion in this article AND are residents, or by incorporating the relevant publications into the body of the article through appropriate citations. (April 2019)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Guymon, Oklahoma; United States Geological Survey (USGS); December 18, 1979.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Census Bureau QuickFacts: Guymon, Oklahoma". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2021-10-06.
  4. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Larry O'Dell, "Guymon," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed August 4, 2015
  7. ^ Etter, Jim. "Catchy Slogans Strive to Put Towns on Map." The Oklahoman. October 20, 1985. Accessed November 3, 2016.
  8. ^ "Guymon Pioneer Days Rodeo". Retrieved 2008-04-23.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ "Historical Weather for Guymon, Oklahoma, United States".
  11. ^ "Oklahoma Wind Energy Projects." Kansas Energy Information Network. Accessed August 4, 2015.
  12. ^ City of Guymon web page. Archived 2016-10-05 at the Wayback Machine Accessed October 3, 2016
  13. ^ "Guymon Public Schools District Home". Guymon Public Schools District. Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2008-04-23.
  14. ^ "Guymon High School". National Center for Educational Statisitics. US Department of Education. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  15. ^ "Educational Attainment by Place in Oklahoma". Statisitcal Atlas. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  16. ^ "Guymon High School in Guymon, Oklahoma". Startclass.com. Retrieved 7 March 2018.[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "About The Guymon Daily Herald". Guymon Daily Herald. 2006-09-08. Archived from the original on 2008-04-30. Retrieved 2008-04-23.
  18. ^ "Guymon, Oklahoma". Google Maps. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  19. ^ "Liberal Mid-America Regional Airport". City of Liberal. Retrieved September 7, 2020.
  20. ^ "Liberal Airport to Guymon, Oklahoma". Google Maps. Retrieved September 7, 2020.