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Ganini Pramukha Aryika Shri

Gyanmati
Gyanmati Mataji
Personal
Born
Kumari Maina Devi Ji

(1934-10-22) 22 October 1934 (age 87)[1]
ReligionJainism
Parents
  • Sh. Chotteylal Ji (father)
  • Smt. Mohini Devi Ji (mother)
SectDigambara
Religious career
Disciples
  • Aryika Chandanamti
Initiation as Brahamcharini2 October 1952 (Sharad Purnima)
Barabanki
by Acharya Deshbhushan
Initiation as Chullika1953 (Chait Krishna ekam)
Websitehttp://jambudweep.org/
Initiation as Aryika1956 (Baisakh Krishan dooj)

Gyanmati Mataji (Jñānamati) is an Indian Jain religious guru Aryika (nun) from India.[2] She is known for being a prolific author and the construction of several Jain temples including the Jambudweep temple complex at Hastinapur, Uttar Pradesh[3][4] and the Statue of Ahimsa at Mangi Tungi in Maharashtra.

Early life

Mataji addressing the media
Mataji addressing the media

She was born on 22 October 1934 in Tikait Nagar in Barabanki district, Uttar Pradesh,[5] in a Jain family of Mohini Devi and Chotelal. She was named Maina. She was influenced by Padmanandi Panchvinshatika, an ancient Jain scripture gifted by her grandparents on the marriage of her mother. On 2 October 1952, on the day of Sharad Purnima, she was initiated as a Brahmacharini at Barabanki district by Acharya Shri Deshbhushanji.

Education

Since her early childhood she started learning Sanskrit with Katantra style of linguistics or lipi generally referred as Aindra School of Grammar. She continued to research and explore with some of the Jain literature like Gommatsar, Ashtasahasri, Tattvartha Vartika (Rajvartika), Moolachar, Triloksar, Samayasāra etc. and soon expertise in Hindi, Sanskrit, Prakrit, Kannada, Marathi, Gujarati etc. Deeply into research and learning she frequently consulted senior most Acharyas, Scholars and Jain monks.[6]

Author

She practiced her skills with writing 1008 Mantras of "Sahastranam" which improved her ability.[how?] She is considered as the first Kshullika or a Jain Sadhvi in history to translate and author several Jain literature, scriptures and manuscripts.[7]Gyanmati She translated Nyaya-Ashtasahasri a renowned Sanskrit scripture, into Hindi in the year 1969 . Since then, she had written and composed more than 450 different publications ranging from auspicious quotes and thoughts to books and volumes. She has written and published 200 major books including the first two[which?] available in both Hindi and Sanskrit translations.[6] She has also composed the Sanskrit Teeka (commentary) of the Sutras in form of sixteen books of Shatkhandagam Grantha.[8][9] She has composed a modern[clarification needed] Rite for the Five Merus.[10]

Initiation as Aryika

On the instructions of Shantisagar, she was elevated as to the rank of Aryika by Veersagar on Vaishakh Krishna Dooj of 1956 at Madhorajpura in Rajasthan.[5]

Construction activities

Statue of Ahimsa, Mangi-Tungi, Maharashtra
Jambudweep, Hastinapur

Notes

  1. ^ Hans Bakker 2011, p. 182.
  2. ^ Chapple, Christopher Key (14 October 2015), Yoga in Jainism, Ed Christopher Key Chapple, Routledge, 2015, p. 246, ISBN 9781317572183
  3. ^ Keul, István (27 March 2015), Asian Religions, Technology and Science, Ed. István Keul, Routledge, 2015, p. 83, ISBN 9781317674481
  4. ^ Bakker, Hans (1990), The History of Sacred Places in India As Reflected in Traditional Literature, ISBN 9004093184
  5. ^ a b Wiley, Kristi L. (2004), Historical Dictionary of Jainism, ISBN 9780810850514
  6. ^ a b Bakker, Hans (1990), The History of Sacred Places in India As Reflected in Traditional Literature, ISBN 9004093184
  7. ^ Sharma, Arvind (January 1994), Religion and Women, ISBN 9780791416907
  8. ^ Jinaagam Saar
  9. ^ Read Online Books, archived from the original on 18 September 2016, retrieved 1 January 2016
  10. ^ Cort 2010, p. 98.
  11. ^ "Welcome To Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Avadh University".
  12. ^ "tribuneindia..."
  13. ^ "Jambudweep Complex". Jain Heritage Centres - Celebrating Jain Heritage.....Globally!. Archived from the original on 7 February 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  14. ^ "108-Ft Tall Jain Teerthankar Idol Enters 'Guinness Records'", NDTV, 7 March 2016

References