The Druid amongst icebergs in the Straits of Belleisle
History
UK
NameHMS Druid
BuilderDeptford Dockyard
Laid down1868
Launched13 March 1869
CompletedFebruary 1872
FateSold for scrap, 10 November 1886
General characteristics (as built)
Class and type Briton-class wooden screw corvette
Displacement1,791 long tons (1,820 t)
Tons burthen1,322 bm
Length220 ft (67.1 m) (p/p)
Beam36 ft (11.0 m)
Draught16 ft 6 in (5.0 m)
Depth of hold21 ft 6 in (6.6 m)
Installed power2,272 ihp (1,694 kW)
Propulsion
Sail planShip rig
Speed13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph)
Complement220
Armament

HMS Druid was a Briton-class wooden screw corvette built for the Royal Navy in the late 1860s. She spent her service life overseas on the Cape of Good Hope and North America and West Indies Stations and was sold for scrap in 1886.

Design and description

The ship was 220 feet (67.1 m) long between perpendiculars and had a beam of 36 feet (11.0 m). Forward, she had a draught of 12 feet 9 inches (3.9 m), and aft she drew 16 ft 3 in (5.0 m).[1] The ship displaced 1,791 long tons (1,820 t)[2] and had a burthen of 1,322 tons. Her crew consisted of 220 officers and ratings.[1]

Druid had a two-cylinder horizontal steam engine, built by Maudslay, Sons and Field, driving a single 15-foot (4.6 m) propeller.[2] Four rectangular boilers provided steam to the engine so that it produced a total of 2,272 indicated horsepower (1,694 kW) which gave her a maximum speed of about 13.066 knots (24.198 km/h; 15.036 mph) during sea trials.[1] The ship carried 285 long tons (290 t) of coal. Although no information is available on her range, Admiral G. A. Ballard estimated that Druid had only about two-thirds the range of her sisters, despite the additional coal that she carried, due to the greater efficiency of the compound expansion engines used in the other ships.[3]

She was ship rigged and had a sail area of 15,000 square feet (1,394 m2).[1] The lower masts were made of iron, and the other masts were wood.[4] She was a poor sailer and her best speed under sail alone was about 11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph). Ballard attributed the class's poor performance under sail to the drag of the propeller, which could neither be hoisted out of the water, nor feathered. He also attributed their sluggish steering under sail to interference with the flow of water to the rudder by the stationary propeller.[5] The ship was re-rigged as a barque after her first commission.[1]

Druid was initially armed with a mix of 7-inch and 64-pounder 71 cwt[Note 1] rifled muzzle-loading guns. The eight 64-pounder guns were mounted on the broadside while the two 7-inch (178 mm) guns were mounted on the forecastle and poop as chase guns.[1] After the completion of their first commissions, the two ships were rearmed with a total of fourteen lighter 64-cwt 64-pounder guns, two of which replaced the 7-inch guns as chase guns.[6]

Service

The Druid in Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland
The Druid in Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland

Druid was laid down in 1868 and launched on 13 March 1869 in the presence of Princess Louise and Prince Arthur.[7] She was completed in February 1872 and was the last ship to be built at Deptford Dockyard.[2]

Druid at the bombardment of Elmina on 13 June 1873
Druid at the bombardment of Elmina on 13 June 1873

The ship was initially assigned to the Cape of Good Hope Station, commanded by Captain the Honorable Maurice Nelson, where she remained for two years before being transferred to the North America and West Indies Station. Druid was refitted upon her return home in December 1876, which included rearmament. The ship recommissioned in February 1879 and returned to the North American Station. She returned home in September 1882 and was paid off. Druid was laid up in the Medway[8] until she was sold for breaking up to Castle of Charlton on 10 November 1886.[1]

Notes

  1. ^ "cwt" is the abbreviation for hundredweight, 71 cwt referring to the weight of the gun.

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Lyon & Winfield, p. 288
  2. ^ a b c Chesneau & Kolesnik, p. 49
  3. ^ Ballard, p. 90
  4. ^ Ballard, p. 91
  5. ^ Ballard, pp. 90–91
  6. ^ Ballard, p. 89
  7. ^ "Deptford Pages 143-164 Old and New London: Volume 6. Originally published by Cassell, Petter & Galpin, London, 1878". British History Online.
  8. ^ Ballard, p. 92

Bibliography