hereditary sensory neuropathy, type II
NCBI gene378465
Other data
LocusChr. 12 p13.33
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Hereditary sensory neuropathy, type II also known as HSN2 is a region of a parent protein which in humans is encoded by the WNK1 gene.[1][2] It is a transcript variant of the WNK1 gene that is selectively expressed in nervous system tissues, and during development. Mutations in this exon of the WNK1 gene have been identified as causative in genetic neuropathy syndromes, and in inherited pain insensitivity.


The HSN2-containing WNK1 isoforms are expressed in the sensory transducing neurons of the peripheral nervous system, as well as in the central nervous system. The sensory afferent neurons expressing the HSN2 splice variant of WNK1 are associated with the transmission of sensory and nociceptive signals. The novel protein product of the isoform is more plentiful in sensory neurons than motor neurons.[3] It is proposed that this gene product may play a role in the development and/or maintenance of peripheral sensory neurons or their supporting Schwann cells.

Clinical significance

Mutations in the HSN2-containing splice variants of the WNK1 gene are associated with congenital sensory neuropathy (HSAN Type II), an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by impairment of pain, temperature, and touch sensation owing to reduction or absence of peripheral sensory neurons.[3]


  1. ^ "Entrez Gene: Hereditary sensory neuropathy, type II".
  2. ^ Lafreniere RG, MacDonald ML, Dube MP, MacFarlane J, O'Driscoll M, Brais B, Meilleur S, Brinkman RR, Dadivas O, Pape T, Platon C, Radomski C, Risler J, Thompson J, Guerra-Escobio AM, Davar G, Breakefield XO, Pimstone SN, Green R, Pryse-Phillips W, Goldberg YP, Younghusband HB, Hayden MR, Sherrington R, Rouleau GA, Samuels ME, Study of Canadian Genetic Isolates (May 2004). "Identification of a Novel Gene (HSN2) Causing Hereditary Sensory and Autonomic Neuropathy Type II through the Study of Canadian Genetic Isolates". American Journal of Human Genetics. 74 (5): 1064–73. doi:10.1086/420795. PMC 1181970. PMID 15060842.
  3. ^ a b Shekarabi M, Girard N, Rivière JB, et al. (July 2008). "Mutations in the nervous system–specific HSN2 exon of WNK1 cause hereditary sensory neuropathy type II". J Clin Invest. 118 (7): 2496–2505. doi:10.1172/JCI34088. PMC 2398735. PMID 18521183.

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.