HaiYang (Chinese: 海洋; "ocean"), abbreviated as HY, is a series of marine remote sensing satellites developed and operated by China since 2002. As of May 2021, eight satellites were launched and two more are planned (HaiYang 3A and 3B).[1][2][3][4][5]

The HaiYang series is operated by the NSOAS (National Satellite Ocean Application Service), a subordinate agency of the State Oceanic Administration.



Animation of HaiYang - Polar view, Earth is not shown.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  HaiYang-1A ·   HaiYang-1B ·   HaiYang-1C ·   HaiYang-1D ·   HaiYang-2A ·   HaiYang-2B
Animation of HaiYang - Polar view, Earth is not shown
  HaiYang-1A ·   HaiYang-1B ·   HaiYang-1C ·   HaiYang-1D ·   HaiYang-2A ·   HaiYang-2B

Current and previous satellites

Launch date
(UTC)
Satellites Vehicle Orbit In use Sensors
15 May 2002,
01:50
HaiYang-1A Long March 4B SSO No COCTS (Chinese Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner), CZI (Coastal Zone Imager)
11 April 2007,
03:27
HaiYang-1B Long March 2C SSO No COCTS (Chinese Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner), CZI (Coastal Zone Imager)
15 August 2011,
22:57:19
HaiYang-2A Long March 4B SSO Yes MWRI (Microwave Radiometer Imager), RA (Radar Altimeter), Ku-RFSCAT (Ku-Band Rotational Fan-beam Scatterometer)
7 September 2018,
03:15:05
HaiYang-1C Long March 2C LEO Yes Detection of chlorophyll, sediment concentrations and dissolved organic matter. Surface temperature measurements.[6]
24 October 2018,
22:57
HaiYang-2B Long March 4B SSO Yes Monitor ocean color and water temperatures [7]
10 June 2020,
18:31:24 [7]
HaiYang-1D Long March 2C SSO Yes Monitor ocean color and water temperatures [7]
21 September 2020,
05:40:04 [8]
HaiYang-2C Long March 4B SSO Yes Monitor ocean color and water temperatures
19 May 2021,
04:03 [9]
HaiYang-2D Long March 4B LEO Yes Monitor ocean color and water temperatures

Data applications

See also

References

  1. ^ "HY 1A, 1B". Gunter's Space Page. 31 March 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  2. ^ "HY 1C, 1D". Gunter's Space Page. 22 September 2020. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  3. ^ "HY 2A, 2B". Gunter's Space Page. 29 September 2020. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  4. ^ "HY 2C, 2D". Gunter's Space Page. 19 May 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  5. ^ "HY 3A, 3B". Gunter's Space Page. 10 December 2020. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  6. ^ IANS (7 September 2018). "China launches new marine satellite HY-1C on Long March-2C rocket". Financial Express. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  7. ^ a b c "China launches ocean monitoring satellite". Spaceflight Now. 10 June 2020. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
  8. ^ "China launches Haiyang oceanography satellite". Spaceflight Now. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  9. ^ "Chinese Long March rocket launches oceanography satellite". Spaceflight Now. 19 May 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  10. ^ HaiYang Satellite Products
  11. ^ AVISO+ current missions HY-2